Multimodal analysis using 11 CPiB-PET/MRI for functional evaluation of patients with Alzheimer ’s disease

ConclusionMultimodal analysis conducted with various image data from PiB-PET/MRI scans showed differences in regional CBF, cortical volume, and neuronal networks in different regions, indicating that pathophysiologic and functional changes in the AD brain can be observed from various aspects of neurophysiologic parameters. Application of multimodal brain images using PET/MRI would be ideal for investigating pathophysiologic changes in patients with dementia and other neurodegenerative diseases.
Source: EJNMMI Research - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: The low agreement between amyloid PET/CT and previous clinical and instrumental assessments that we found in our study suggests that the amyloid PET/CT provides additional and early information. To perform an early and differential diagnosis of AD could have a great impact on the patient's management and cost of care in order to perform the correct therapeutic interventions and to allow family members to manage adequately the patient's demanding care. PMID: 31802055 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Hell J Nucl Med Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
AbstractNeuroimaging can provide important biomarkers and is very useful for supporting dementia diagnosis. This review summarizes the neuroimaging findings of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD), and normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH). In DLB, medial temporal atrophy is milder than that of Alzheimer ’s disease. 2-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose-positron emission tomography and brain perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography demonstrate hypometabolism and hypoperfusion in the occipital lobe, in addition to decreased metabolism and perfusion in the parietotemporal, posterior ...
Source: Japanese Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
This study included ten controls, 19 amnestic mild cognitive impairment, and 10 AD dementia subjects. Within-subject regional correlations between modalities, between-group regional and voxel-wise analyses of covariance per modality, and receiver operating characteristic analyses for discrimination between groups were performed. RESULTS: FDG standardized uptake value ratio, eAV45 (0-2 min) standardized uptake value ratio, and AV45-R1 were significantly associated with H2O PET (regional Pearson r = 0.54-0.82, 0.70-0.94, and 0.65-0.92, respectively; P 
Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimers Dement Source Type: research
This study included ten controls, 19 amnestic mild cognitive impairment, and 10 AD dementia subjects. Within-subject regional correlations between modalities, between-group regional and voxel-wise analyses of covariance per modality, and receiver operating characteristic analyses for discrimination between groups were performed.ResultsFDG standardized uptake value ratio, eAV45 (0–2 min) standardized uptake value ratio, and AV45-R1 were significantly associated with H2O PET (regional Pearson r = 0.54–0.82, 0.70–0.94, and 0.65–0.92, respectively; P 
Source: Alzheimer's and Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
In this study, we identify a link between members of the genus Veillonella and exercise performance. We observed an increase in Veillonella relative abundance in marathon runners postmarathon and isolated a strain of Veillonella atypica from stool samples. Inoculation of this strain into mice significantly increased exhaustive treadmill run time. Veillonella utilize lactate as their sole carbon source, which prompted us to perform a shotgun metagenomic analysis in a cohort of elite athletes, finding that every gene in a major pathway metabolizing lactate to propionate is at higher relative abundance postexercise. Us...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusion In this study, reduced CBF and FA and increased MD in the inner NAWM layers for both PVWMH and DWMH suggested extensive WM alterations beyond the visible WM lesions commonly observed on clinical MRI of svMCI subjects. CBF penumbras cover more extensive WM at risk than DTI penumbras, suggesting the likelihood that compromised CBF precedes white matter integrity changes, and CBF penumbras may be a potential target for the prevention of further microstructural white matter damage. The imaging parameters investigated, however, did not correlate to cognition. Author Contributions YZ, QX, and XG conceived and desig...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Novel Contribution of Secreted Amyloid-β Precursor Protein to White Matter Brain Enlargement in Autism Spectrum Disorder Deborah K. Sokol1, Bryan Maloney2, Cara J. Westmark3 and Debomoy K. Lahiri2,4* 1Pediatrics Section, Department of Neurology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, United States2Indiana Alzheimers Disease Center, Department of Psychiatry, Stark Neuroscience Research Institute, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, United States3Department of Neurology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, United States4Department of Medical and Molecular Genetics, Indiana Un...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Marcia H. Ratner, Vidhya Kumaresan and David H. Farb* Laboratory of Molecular Neurobiology, Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, United States Memory dysfunction is a symptomatic feature of many neurologic and neuropsychiatric disorders; however, the basic underlying mechanisms of memory and altered states of circuitry function associated with disorders of memory remain a vast unexplored territory. The initial discovery of endogenous neurosteroids triggered a quest to elucidate their role as neuromodulators in normal and diseased brain functio...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Young-onset (#x3c; 65 years) dementia is a challenging clinical problem. A 61-year-old man visited our clinic because of a 2-year history of mild cognitive impairment of the executive disorder type. He was initially suspected of having young-onset Alzheimer ’s disease due to the lack of motor signs or hippocampal atrophy by conventional brain MRI. However, he proved to have anosmia, erectile dysfunction, hypersexuality, constipation, REM sleep behavior disorder, and emotional lability; imaging findings included positive brain perfusion SPECT, nigroso me MRI, DAT scan, and MIBG myocardial scintigraphy. All these clini...
Source: Case Reports in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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