Corosolic acid inhibits cancer progress through inactivating YAP in hepatocellular carcinoma.

Corosolic acid inhibits cancer progress through inactivating YAP in hepatocellular carcinoma. Oncol Res. 2020 Mar 27;: Authors: Jia M, Xiong Y, Li M, Mao Q Abstract Chemotherapy is critical for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Despite the pro-apoptotic effects of corosolic acid (CA) treatment, its underlying mechanism is not completely clear. The aim of this study was to determine the molecular mechanism of CA in HCC treatment. MTT assay was used to determine the IC50 of CA. Immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence were used to detect the interaction between and subcellular localization of Yes-associated protein (YAP) and mouse double minute 2 (MDM2). In addition, in vivo xenotransplantation was performed to assess the effect of CA, YAP and MDM2 on tumorigenesis. The IC50 of CA was about 40 M in different HCC cell lines, and CA decreased YAP expression by reducing its stability and increasing its ubiquitination. CA treatment and MDM2 overexpression significantly decreased the crosstalk between YAP and cAMP-responsive element-binding protein (CREB), TEA domain transcription factor (TEAD), Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2). CA stimulation promoted the translocation of YAP and MDM2 from the nucleus to the cytoplasm and increased their binding. In addition, CA treatment obviously reduced tumorigenesis, whereas this effect was abolished when cells were transfected with sh-MDM2 or Vector-YAP. The present study uncovered that CA-in...
Source: Oncology Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Res Source Type: research

Related Links:

Alessandro Poggi1*, Roberto Benelli2, Roberta Venè1, Delfina Costa1, Nicoletta Ferrari1, Francesca Tosetti1 and Maria Raffaella Zocchi3 1Molecular Oncology and Angiogenesis Unit, IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Genoa, Italy 2Immunology Unit, IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Genoa, Italy 3Division of Immunology, Transplantation and Infectious Diseases, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy It is well established that natural killer (NK) cells are involved in both innate and adaptive immunity. Indeed, they can recognize molecules induced at the cell surface by stress signals ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions This review describes how leukocyte-heparanase can be a double-edged sword in tumor progression; it can enhance tumor immune surveillance and tumor cell clearance, but also promote tumor survival and growth. We also discuss the potential of using heparanase in leukocyte therapies against tumors, and the effects of heparanase inhibitors on tumor progression and immunity. We are just beginning to understand the influence of heparanase on a pro/anti-tumor immune response, and there are still many questions to answer. How do the pro/anti-tumorigenic effects of heparanase differ across different cancer types? Does...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study was supported by the Shanghai Sailing Program [grant number 17YF1425200, 2017]; Chinese National Natural Science Funding [grant number 81702249, 2017]; Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality [grant number 17511103403, 2017]; The funder has no role in the study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Conflict of Interest Statement The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Acknowledgments We acknowledge the ex...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Hepatoma-Derived Growth Factor and DDX5 Promote Carcinogenesis and Progression of Endometrial Cancer by Activating β-Catenin Chunhua Liu1†, Lijing Wang1†, Qingping Jiang2†, Junyi Zhang3†, Litong Zhu1, Li Lin1, Huiping Jiang1, Dan Lin1, Yanyi Xiao1, Weiyi Fang1,3 and Suiqun Guo1* 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China 2Department of Pathology, Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China 3Integrated Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guang...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract Chemotherapy resistance represents a major obstacle in the treatment of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-cancer effect of MEL-pep, a novel analog of the natural antibacterial peptide melittin (MEL), on human 5-fluorouracil-resistant HCC cells (BEL-7402/5-FU) and to clarify the molecular mechanisms involved in these effects. We found that MEL-pep inhibited the proliferation of BEL-7402/5-FU cells and reversed 5-FU resistance in vitro. MEL-pep directly bound to BEL-7402/5-FU cells and disrupted the cell membrane. P-glycoprotein (P-gp) plays ...
Source: The International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Int J Biochem Cell Biol Source Type: research
This report provides clues indicating that carbendazim is more potent at inducing cell death in tissues without than in those with the AhR signal, an important reference for applying carbendazim in cancer chemotherapy. PMID: 27286660 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology - Category: Toxicology Authors: Tags: Toxicol Appl Pharmacol Source Type: research
Abstract Hypoxia stress plays a pivotal role in tumor formation, proliferation, and invasion. Conventional chemotherapy is less effective in the hypoxia microenvironment of solid tumor. Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is an important molecular chaperone in cancer cells and has been a pharmaceutical target for decades. However, Hsp90 inhibitors demonstrate limited effect on solid tumor and the mechanism underlying is not clear. To determine whether hypoxia impairs the therapeutic effect of Hsp90 N-terminal inhibitor, 17-demethoxygeldanamycin hydrochloride (17-DMAG), in live cancer cells, we measured cell proliferatio...
Source: Cell Stress and Chaperones - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Stress Chaperones Source Type: research
Authors: Dai HY, Chen HY, Lai WC, Hung MC, Li LY Abstract Conventional chemotherapy is commonly used to treat advanced non-resectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) but this treatment modality has not demonstrated convincing survival benefit in HCC patients. Our previous studies indicated that targeted expression of therapeutic BikDD driven by a liver cancer-specific α-fetoprotein promoter/enhancer (eAFP) in the VISA backbone (eAFP-VISA-BikDD) significantly and specifically kills HCC cells in multiple orthotopic animal models. To enhance its therapeutic efficacy, we combined eAFP-VISA-BikDD with chemotherapeu...
Source: Oncotarget - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research
Conclusion: ATRA is useful for enhancing the cytotoxicity of antitumor drugs for HCC by regulating energy metabolism in HCC cells.Citation Format: Goshi Shiota, Hiroki Shimizu, Keita Kanki. Suppression of glycolysis by retinoic acid sensitizes hepatocellular carcinoma cells to apoptosis induced by sorafenib via AMPK activation. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 106th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research; 2015 Apr 18-22; Philadelphia, PA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2015;75(15 Suppl):Abstract nr 708A. doi:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2015-708A
Source: Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Experimental and Molecular Therapeutics Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the effects of combined treatment using sorafenib and retinoids including all‐trans retinoic acid (ATRA), NIK‐333, and Am80 on HCC cells. Cell viability assays in six HCC cell lines, HepG2, PLC/PRF/5, HuH6, HLE, HLF, and Hep3B, revealed that 5 and 10 μM ATRA, concentrations that do not exert cytotoxic effects, enhanced the cytotoxicity of sorafenib, being much more effective than NIK‐333 and Am80. We found that ATRA induced AMP‐activated protein kinase activation, which was followed by reduced intracellular ATP level. Gene expression analysis revealed that ATRA decreased the e...
Source: Cancer Science - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
More News: Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Carcinoma | Chemotherapy | Hepatocellular Carcinoma | Liver Cancer | Study | Translocation