Comparison of the Sleep Problems Among Adolescents Who Attempted Suicide and Healthy Adolescents

The aim of this study was to compare sleep problems among adolescents who attempted suicide and healthy adolescents who never attempted suicide. Adolescents who attempted suicide (study group, n = 103) and healthy adolescents (control group, n = 59) completed a questionnaire prepared by researchers including demographic factors. In addition, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) were administered to both groups. The median age was 16 years and 73% were girls, in both groups. The study group had lower rate of attending to school (88.3% vs. 100%; p = 0.001), academic achievement (45.7% vs. 83.1%; p = 0.001), higher rate of smoking (37.9% vs. 13.8%; p = 0.001), socializing problems (31.1% vs. 3.4%; p = 0.001), and appetite changes (57.3% vs. 39.7%; p = 0.032) than controls. The rate of those with PSQI scores 6 or higher was 53.4% in the attempted suicide group and 37.3% in the control group (p = 0.048). Adolescents, classified as sleepy according to the ESS, did not differ significantly between the groups (p = 0.214). Adolescents who attempted suicide had poor sleep quality. It is crucial to examine the kinds of sleep problems adolescents who have attempted suicide have experienced. Among adolescents attending outpatient clinics with poor sleep quality, PSQI can be a useful screening tool. Those with high scores should be evaluated for suicide risk.
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Related Links:

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Several reviews and metanalyses have shown that sleep disturbances, such as insomnia and nightmares, can predict suicidal ideations and behaviors. Common physio-pathological pathways may explain this relationship. However, only in recent...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news
Suicide is an important public health problem. During the epidemic of a highly contagious coronavirus 2019 disease (COVID-19) that was identified in China at the end of 2019, the risk of suicide may be exacerbated. COVID-19 has spread to other Asian co...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news
AbstractPurpose of ReviewSeveral reviews and metanalyses have shown that sleep disturbances, such as insomnia and nightmares, can predict suicidal ideations and behaviors. Common physio-pathological pathways may explain this relationship. However, only in recent years, some research groups have tried to apply this knowledge in the quest for a reliable tool of suicide risk prediction. We aim to describe in this paper the results of studies using ecological or quasi-ecological assessment methods that connect sleep disturbances and suicide risk.Recent FindingsOur review confirms the paucity of studies on this topic. The few s...
Source: Current Psychiatry Reports - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Abstract Early onset of atopic dermatitis is considered a risk factor for any atopic disease, especially when the skin manifestations are persistent, and there is sensitization to multiple allergens and a family history. Atopic dermatitis is also thought to exert a synergistic effect with inflammation present in other organs and systems, as is the case in other immune-mediated inflammatory diseases. Most studies show a statistical relationship between obesity, various cardiometabolic comorbid conditions, and atopic dermatitis; this relationship is more marked when the disease is more severe or active over a longer...
Source: Actas Dermo-Sifiliograficas - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Actas Dermosifiliogr Source Type: research
Authors: Mengin A, Allé MC, Rolling J, Ligier F, Schroder C, Lalanne L, Berna F, Jardri R, Vaiva G, Geoffroy PA, Brunault P, Thibaut F, Chevance A, Giersch A Abstract The psychological effects of isolation have already been described in the literature (polar expeditions, submarines, prison). Nevertheless, the scale of confinement implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic is unprecedented. In addition to reviewing the published studies, we need to anticipate the psychological problems that could arise during or at a distance from confinement. We have gone beyond the COVID-19 literature in order to examine the ...
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
This article aims to propose guidance to ensure mental health care during the SARS-CoV epidemic in France. METHODS: The authors performed a narrative review identifying relevant results in the scientific and medical literature and in local initiatives in France. RESULTS: We identified four types of major vulnerabilities among patients with mental disorders during this pandemic: (1) medical comorbidities that are more frequently found among patients with mental disorders (cardiovascular and pulmonary pathologies, diabetes, obesity, etc.) which are risk factors for severe covid-19 infection; (2) age (the elderly form...
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
Driving around her Kearney, Missouri neighborhood is both respite and torture for Kathie Hodgson. She likes seeing other people out and about; it reminds her what life was like before COVID-19. But Hodgson, a 41-year-old teacher who lives alone after a recent divorce, says seeing happy families playing in their yards or walking their dogs can also send her plunging deep into a spiral of loneliness. “You know, as much as I have valued my independence in the past year, it’s finally hitting me that I would like to curl up on the couch with somebody at night,” Hodgson says. The irony, Hodgson says, is she wa...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news
The kind of trauma doctors, nurses, and others in direct contact with COVID-19 patients have endured for months now — with an uncertain future posing a threat of many more months of horror in the hardest-hit areas — is the kind of exhausting and overwhelming stress that impacts the brain and the rest of the body in the worst ways. Whether or not these individuals were mentally healthy before the pandemic, this work takes an often-invisible toll. Sometimes, in a life and death struggle, that toll becomes a pull toward suicide. Compassionate Fatigue, also called Secondary Traumatic Stress (STS), can happen when p...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Trauma Compassionate Fatigue coronavirus COVID-19 Healthcare Workers Secondary Traumatic Stress Source Type: blogs
Prior research suggests that sleep disturbances are associated with increased risk of suicide. However, sleep disturbances are associated with a wide range of psychiatric disorders, and it is unknown whether this association is independent of psychopatholo...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news
Abstract Although the rise of operationalized diagnostic criteria and the creation of DSM-III were influenced in the USA by a neo-Kraepelinian 'revival' of interest in psychiatric nosology, Kraepelin was only a distal influence on the specific diagnostic criteria proposed. The historical origins of the DSM-III criteria for mania and major depression (MD) are traceable back to the 1950s and contain no direct link to Kraepelin's writings. George Dreyfus, a student and assistant to Kraepelin, authored in 1907 a monograph on Involutional Melancholia which reviewed cases seen by Kraepelin in Heidelberg. In this monogra...
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
More News: Academia | Depression | Girls | Men | Psychiatry | Sleep Disorders | Sleep Medicine | Smokers | Study | Suicide