Immunoscore ® : A Diagnostic Assay for Clinical Management of Colon Cancer

AbstractImmunoscore® is an in vitro diagnostic assay that is designed to predict the risk of relapse in patients with early-stage colon cancer, thus helping to guide treatment strategies. Immunoscore has CE-IVD status in the EU, is CLIA certified in the USA, and is commercially available in many other countries worldwide. It is designed to be used in conjunction with TNM staging. Immunoscore uses digital images of tumour samples and advanced software to quantify the densities of CD3+ and CD8+ lymphocytes in defined regions of the tumour (i.e. core tumour and the invasive margin). A risk score is calculated, with a lower Immunoscore (i.e. lower densities) corresponding to a higher risk of recurrence. In an international, retrospective, validation study led by the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC), Immunoscore was found to be robust, reproducible, quantitative and standardized, providing a reliable estimate of the risk of recurrence. The clinical utility of Immunoscore has been validated in the SITC-led study and in several supportive studies in which Immunoscore predicted survival, optimal treatment duration and relapse in patients with colon cancer.
Source: Molecular Diagnosis and Therapy - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research

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In this study, we investigated the antitumor activities of H2Mab-19 in pancreatic cancer xenograft models. We selected MIA PaCa-2, a pancreatic cancer cell line which expresses HER2. H2Mab-19 showed high binding affinity (KD: 1.2 × 10-8 M) against MIA PaCa-2 cells. Furthermore, H2Mab-19 significantly reduced tumor development in a MIA PaCa-2 xenograft model. These results suggest that treatment with H2Mab-19 may be a useful therapy for patients with HER2-expressing pancreatic cancers. PMID: 32423281 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy - Category: Microbiology Tags: Monoclon Antib Immunodiagn Immunother Source Type: research
This study provides direct evidence for the contribution of gut microbiota to the cognitive decline during normal aging and suggests that restoring microbiota homeostasis in the elderly may improve cognitive function. On Nutraceutical Senolytics Nutraceuticals are compounds derived from foods, usually plants. In principle one can find useful therapies in the natural world, taking the approach of identifying interesting molecules and refining them to a greater potency than naturally occurs in order to produce a usefully large therape...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
AbstractFollowing excision of colorectal tumors, metastatic disease is prevalent, primarily occurs in the liver, and is highly predictive of poor prognosis. The perioperative period is now recognized as critical in determining the incidence of postoperative metastases and long-term cancer outcomes. Thus, various perioperative prophylactic interventions are currently studied during this time frame. However, immune stimulation during the perioperative period has rarely been attempted due to specific contraindications to surgery and various adverse effects. Here, to prevent liver metastases, we perioperatively employed a TLR-...
Source: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract Various natural compounds have been tested as anticancer therapeutics in clinical trials. Most promising direction for antitumor therapy is the use of substances which enhance the immune system response stimulating tumor-specific lymphocytes. Hemocyanins are large extracellular oxygen transport glycoproteins isolated from different arthropod and mollusk species which exhibit strong anticancer properties. Immunized in mammals they trigger Th1 immune response that promotes unspecific stimulation and adjuvant activity in experimental therapeutic vaccines for cancer and antibody development. In the present st...
Source: International Immunopharmacology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Int Immunopharmacol Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur results suggest tumor-induced suppression of NK- and NKT-like cells in CC patients, an effect that could not be detected after tumor resection. In contrast, adjuvant therapy maintained tumor-induced immunosuppression of NK- and NKT-like cells in CC patients.
Source: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Colon cancer is a common and highly malignant cancer. Its morbidity is rapidly increasing, and its prognosis is poor. Currently, immunotherapy is a rapidly developing therapeutic modality of colon cancer. This...
Source: BMC Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Contributors : Lei Zhang ; Ziyi Li ; Katarzyna M Skrzypczynska ; Qiao Fang ; Wei Zhang ; Sarah A O ’Brien ; Yao He ; Lynn Wang ; Qiming Zhang ; Aeryon Kim ; Ranran Gao ; Jessica Orf ; Tao Wang ; Deepali Sawant ; Jiajinlong Kang ; Dev Bhatt ; Daniel Lu ; Chi-Ming Li ; Aaron Rapaport ; Kristy Perez ; Yingjiang Ye ; Shan Wang ; Xueda Hu ; Xianwen Ren ; Wenjun Ouyang ; Zhanlong Shen ; Jackson G Egen ; Zemin Zhang ; Xin YuSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiensSingle cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) is a powerful tool for defining cellular diversity in tumors, but its applica...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Source Type: research
Abstract Autophagy is an important mechanism for tumor escape, allowing tumor cells to recover from the damage induced by chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and immunotherapy and contributing to the development of resistance. The pharmacological inhibition of autophagy contributes to increase the efficacy of antineoplastic agents. Exposing tumor cells to low concentrations of select autophagy-inducing antineoplastic agents increases their immunogenicity and enhances their ability to stimulate dendritic cell (DC) maturation. We tested whether the application of an autophagy-inhibiting agent, chloroquine (CQ), in comb...
Source: International Immunopharmacology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Int Immunopharmacol Source Type: research
(Netherlands Cancer Institute) Patients with colon cancer, but no distant metastases, can benefit from a short course of immunotherapy while waiting for their surgery, as it can cause tumours to shrink substantially or clear up in a very short time. This is the finding of the phase II NICHE study led by Myriam Chalabi from the Netherlands Cancer Institute. In patients with the MSI subtype (MSI) the response rate was 100%. In the MSS subtype, this WAS 25%.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news
AbstractWe investigated the prevalence and characteristics of defective mismatch repair (dMMR) in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients who would potentially benefit from anti-programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) immunotherapy. Medical records were obtained and reviewed for 1147 patients who underwent surgical resection of stage I –IV CRC, in whom universal screening for Lynch syndrome using immunohistochemistry for MMR proteins had been undertaken. The molecular characteristics of dMMR CRCs were also investigated. Defective MMR accounted for 5.2% of stage I–IV CRC patients, including 12 (1.0% of all CRC patients)...
Source: Surgery Today - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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