Oncological and functional outcomes of open versus laparoscopic partial nephrectomy in T1b tumors: A single-center analysis

This study aims to evaluate the oncological and functional results of open partial nephrectomy (OPN) and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) at the T1b clinical stage, which constitutes 25% of renal cell carcinomas (RCC) at diagnosis. Materials and Methods: The characteristics of 63 patients with stage T1b solitary tumor who underwent OPN (41) or LPN (22) were compared. The survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to determine the factors affecting disease-free survival. Potential predictive factors, which might affect the postoperative glomerular filtration rate (GFR), were evaluated using multivariate linear regression analysis. Results: No differences were observed between OPN and LPN groups regarding patient and tumor characteristics. Although the warm ischemia time, intraoperative estimated blood loss, and operation duration were higher in the LPN group, no differences were noted between the two techniques regarding complication rates (p
Source: International Braz J Urol - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

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This study aims to evaluate the oncological and functional results of open partial nephrectomy (OPN) and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) at the T1b clinical stage, which constitutes 25% of renal cell carcinomas (RCC) at diagnosis. Materials and Methods: The characteristics of 63 patients with stage T1b solitary tumor who underwent OPN (41) or LPN (22) were compared. The survival analysis was performed using the Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to determine the factors affecting disease-free survival. Potential predictive factors, which might affect the postopera...
Source: International Braz J Urol - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe single-port approach has advantages as easier surgical planning and transition for combined and multi-quadrants surgeries: faster recovery, minimal postoperative pain and need for opioids, and excellent cosmetic outcome. We suggest that combined procedures should be performed only in high volume institutions by surgeons with vast experience in robotic surgery in selected patients.ResumenIntroducciónPresentar el primer caso de cirugía multicuadrante concomitante —prostatectomía radical robótica y nefrectomía parcial robótica izquierda— realizadas con t&eac...
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Summary: Surgical resection of renal cell carcinoma plays a large role in the overall management of the disease. The gold standard for surgical management historically has been open or laparoscopic radical nephrectomy, however, evidence of equivalent oncologic efficacy with improved clinical outcomes has driven the use of nephron-sparing surgeries, especially for smaller and localized renal tumors. A role for surgery remains in metastatic RCC as well, but controversy exists as to which patients may benefit most from surgical intervention in addition to other systemic targeted therapies.
Source: Seminars in Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The single-port approach has advantages as easier surgical planning and transition for combined and multi-quadrants surgeries: faster recovery, minimal postoperative pain and need for opioids, and excellent cosmetic outcome. We suggest that combined procedures should be performed only in high volume institutions by surgeons with vast experience in robotic surgery in selected patients. PMID: 31864774 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Actas Urol Esp Source Type: research
In this study CTCs were measured by the FISHMAN-R system, and CTCs drawn from a peripheral artery were collected just before and immediately after surgery. The number of pre- and postoperative CTCs and the perioperative changes in CTCs were measured for each surgical method.ResultsSix patients were excluded from the current analyses. Preoperative CTCs did not differ significantly by surgical approach (laparoscopic RN: 3.4  ± 4.2; laparoscopic PN: 3.4 ± 4.1; open RN: 7.7 ± 6.8; open PN: 6.0 ± 7.6;P = 0.19). Open RN resulted in ...
Source: Annals of Surgical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study CTCs were measured by the FISHMAN-R system, and CTCs drawn from a peripheral artery were collected just before and immediately after surgery. The number of pre- and postoperative CTCs and the perioperative changes in CTCs were measured for each surgical method. RESULTS: Six patients were excluded from the current analyses. Preoperative CTCs did not differ significantly by surgical approach (laparoscopic RN: 3.4 ± 4.2; laparoscopic PN: 3.4 ± 4.1; open RN: 7.7 ± 6.8; open PN: 6.0 ± 7.6; P = 0.19). Open RN resu...
Source: Ann Oncol - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Ann Surg Oncol Source Type: research
lio G Abstract INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Kidney cancers represent 2% of cancers worldwide; the most common type is renal clear cell carcinoma (RCC). Surgical treatment remains the only effective therapy for localized renal cell carcinoma. Approximately 20% to 38% of patients undergoing radical nephrectomy (RN) for localized RCC will have subsequent disease progression, with 0.8% to 3.6% of local recurrences within the ipsilateral retroperitoneum (RFR). The main objective of this study is to evaluate prognostic features, oncological outcomes, and current management for renal fossa recurrence in patients with his...
Source: Urologic Oncology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Urol Oncol Source Type: research
AbstractPurposePartial nephrectomy has been persuaded as a widely accepted surgical procedure for T1a ( ≤ 4 cm) renal tumors. However, when treating T1b (4–7 cm) renal cell carcinoma (RCC), the “optimal” method of surgery is still debatable. The aim of the research is to evaluate the long-term oncological and renal functional outcomes of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) versus laparo scopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) for patients with T1b RCC.Materials and methodsFrom March 1, 2003 to July 1, 2016, 331 patients were included in the current study. Patients presented with unilateral...
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
We evaluated prognostic risk factors of recurrence-free survival (RFS), metastasis-free survival (MFS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), and overall survival (OS) outcomes in patients with non-metastatic renal cell carcinoma (nmRCC) after curative nephrectomy during long-term-follow-up. The medical records of 4260 patients with nmRCC who underwent curative nephrectomy between 2000 and 2012 from five Korean institutions and followed-up after postoperative 1-month until December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed for RFS, MFS, OS, and CSS. During the median 43.86 months of follow-up, 342 recurrences, 127 metastases, and 361 d...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractMetastasectomy is a widely accepted treatment for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) metastasis, and is regarded as the most effective strategy for increasing the rate of cancer-specific survival. However, since bilateral synchronous or metachronous adrenal metastasis of RCC is extremely rare, a standard approach has yet to be established. Partial adrenalectomy may avoid lifelong hormonal supplementation and reduce the risk of Addisonian crisis. A 71-year-old man had a previous history of left nephrectomy and ipsilateral adrenalectomy for metachronous adrenal metastasis. Metachronous contralateral adrenal metastasis was de...
Source: International Cancer Conference Journal - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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