Group Testing Is Our Surefire Secret Weapon Against Coronavirus

The US tested new recruits for syphilis in WWII but the test was expensive. However, if the share of recruits with syphilis was low, group testing could dramatically reduce the number of tests needed to separate the healthy from the sick.
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Source Type: news

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Authors: Ambrosino I, Barbagelata E, Ortona E, Ruggieri A, Massiah G, Giannico OV, Politi C, Moretti AM Abstract In December 2019 a novel coronavirus emerged in Wuhan, China causing many cases of severe pneumonia. World Health Organization (WHO) named this disease Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). The infection has rapidly spread across China to many other countries, and on March 12, 2020 the WHO declared pandemic outbreak of COVID-19. As of May 16, 2020, COVID-19 has been diagnosed in more than 4,490,000 patients, associated to 305,976 deaths worldwide; in Italy 224,760 COVID-19 cases have been reported with 31...
Source: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Monaldi Arch Chest Dis Source Type: research
Authors: Yadav SR, Kumar R, Gupta N, Ish P, Chakrabarti S, Kumar A Abstract To the Editor Novel Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) was first notified in December 2019 from Wuhan, China. Now, it has spread rapidly and has been declared a pandemic affecting over 200 countries with widespread morbidity and mortality. It has been postulated that the most vulnerable population are the elderly, people living in crowded areas, children and immune-compromised individuals, such as people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The correlation of tuberculosis (TB), HIV and malnutrition are well documented and hence, peop...
Source: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Monaldi Arch Chest Dis Source Type: research
Authors: Asfahan S, Deokar K, Dutt N, Niwas R, Jain P, Agarwal M Abstract We used a publicly available data of 44,672 patients reported by China's centre for disease control to study the role of age, sex, co-morbidities and health-care related occupation on COVID-19 mortality. The data is in the form of absolute numbers and proportions. Using the percentages, retrospective synthetic data of 100 survivors and 100 deaths were generated using random number libraries so that proportions of ages, genders, co-morbidities, and occupations were constant as in the original data. Logistic regression of the four predictor fac...
Source: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Monaldi Arch Chest Dis Source Type: research
The interplay of Hypertension, ACE-2 and SARS-CoV-2: Emerging data as the "Ariadne's thread" for the "labyrinth" of COVID-19. Hellenic J Cardiol. 2020 May 22;: Authors: Tsioufis C, Dimitriadis K, Tousoulis D PMID: 32450334 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: Hellenic J Cardiol Source Type: research
Authors: Romero Trevejo JL PMID: 32448710 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Archivos de la Sociedad Espanola de Oftalmologia - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The manifestations of COVID-19 at presentation were similar to those seen in other reports. Our population was older, slightly overrepresented by women and had a high level of co-morbidity. COVID-19 admittance was associated with frequent need of intensive care and mechanical ventilation that was associated with a very high mortality. FUNDING: none. TRIAL REGISTRATION: not relevant. PMID: 32448405 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Source: Danish Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Dan Med J Source Type: research
The American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS), Biodiversity Collections Network (BCoN), Natural Science Collections Alliance (NSC Alliance), and Society for the Preservation of Natural History Collections (SPNHC) surveyed individuals affiliated with US biodiversity science collections to better understand the effects of COVID-19 related disruptions and closures on biodiversity collections, and the people who use and care for these scientific resources. The survey was conducted in April 2020. Individuals working in biodiversity collections were invited to complete a 23-question survey. No identifying information ab...
Source: Public Policy Reports - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: news
The American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS) joined 30 other scientific and medical associations to express deep concerns about the revocation of a National Institutes of Health (NIH) funded research grant to study coronavirus. Last month, NIH terminated a peer-reviewed research grant awarded in June 2019 that was investigating how coronaviruses move from their natural hosts to humans. The decision came after unverified reports from U.S. lawmakers and conservative media suggested that the SARS-CoV-2 virus responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic originated in a laboratory in Wuhan, China, which employs a Chinese vir...
Source: Public Policy Reports - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: news
COVID-19 has sickened millions, killed hundreds of thousands, and disrupted daily life for citizens around the world. Utterly devastating, COVID-19 is but the most recent pandemic to sweep the globe. Throughout history, surgeons like Guy de Chauliac, James Lind, John Hunter, John Snow, and Walter Reed have led scientific campaigns to understand, prevent, and treat epidemics like the bubonic plague, scurvy, syphilis, cholera, and yellow fever. We as a surgical community should herald their examples and re-focus our efforts to pioneer investigations into the coronavirus, helping elucidate the biology, understand its social e...
Source: American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
To the Editor: I read the timely and thought-provoking article about the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and biologic therapy for psoriasis by Lebwohl et  al.1 The authors compiled research data about almost all the most commonly used biologics in dermatology and their rates of infection, upper respiratory infections, and nasopharyngitis based on current published studies.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: JAAD Online Source Type: research
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