Effectiveness of a Health Education Program to Improve Knowledge and Attitude Towards Cervical Cancer and Pap Smear: A Controlled Community Trial in Malaysia.

We examined the effectiveness of a health education program to improve; knowledge and attitude towards cervical cancer and Pap smear, and uptake of Pap smear test among female entrepreneurs in Kedah, a northern state of Malaysia. METHODS: This controlled community trial involved 210 women from the districts of Alor Setar and Sungai Petani. Simple random sampling was applied to select 105 women from each district. Self-administered questionnaires were used to obtain information about the variables of interest. Health education intervention program included educational talk, demo video, experience sharing, pamphlet distribution, and text message reminders. Evaluation of outcomes was performed twice. The text message reminders acted as the cues to action that were sent between the two evaluation times at one-month interval. Women in the control group received educational talk alone. In the control group, evaluation of outcomes was done only once, which was one month after the educational talk. RESULTS: Knowledge on cervical cancer and Pap smear, and attitude towards Pap smear among women in both intervention and control group improved significantly at Evaluation stage 1. However, no further improvements were observed in the intervention group at Evaluation stage 2. The uptake of Pap smear in the intervention group increased significantly from 48.0% at Baseline to 68.0% at Evaluation stage 1 (P
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research

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Conclusion: The incidence of C. trachomatis infection in the endocervical samples from these women can be considered high, which emphasizes the importance of measures designed to clarify and prevent this important STI.RESUMEN Introducci ón: Chlamydia trachomatis es uno de los principales agentes causantes de infecciones de transmisión sexual (ITS) en hombres y mujeres, pero el mayor impacto de la infección se produce en el aparato reproductor de las mujeres, causando, entre otros problemas, infertilidad. Objetivo: Calcular la incidencia de C. trachomatis detectada por la técnica de reacció...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
In 2018, cervical cancer was the 4th most common cancer in women for incidence and mortality after breast, colorectal, and lung cancer.1 In France, in 2017, it was the 12th most common cancer with 2,800 new cases each year. Regarding mortality rate, it is 4th in the world (about 270,000 deaths per year), 1st in low-income countries, and 12th in France (about 1,100 deaths per year).2,3
Source: Journal of Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: The results suggest that the overall increase is associated with an increased cancer risk in women adequately screened with normal cytological results. Possibly, precursor lesions missed in one screening round might result in detection of early stage invasive cancer in the subsequent screening. PMID: 32421420 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Oncologica - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Acta Oncol Source Type: research
AbstractIn everyday gynecological practice, there is an unmet need to manage survivors after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT). The major gynecological complications include premature ovarian insufficiency (POI), chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) of the anogenital zone (cGVHDgyn), and secondary neoplasms. Aiming to assess a real-life scale of problems associated with HCT, we performed a detailed analysis of a consecutive series of females after allo-HCT who were referred for a routine gynecological evaluation. The study includes 38 females after allo-HCT in whom gynecological examination with...
Source: Annals of Hematology - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS Frequency of human papillomavirus is high in the three Cuban provinces studied, with greater frequency of genotype 16 and other oncogenic high-risk types. For both agents, infection is more frequent in young women and adolescents. Positive Pap tests are fre-quently associated with HPV infection. Prevalence fi ndings from this study could be used as a baseline for future research or interventions. KEYWORDS Human papillomavirus, genotypes, Chlamydia tracho-matis, neoplasms, sexually transmitted diseases, cervix Uteri, infec-tion, real-time polymerase chain reaction, women, Cuba. PMID: 32327618 [PubMed - in process]
Source: MEDICC Review - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: MEDICC Rev Source Type: research
AbstractNew York City rates for cancer screening with colonoscopy, Papanicolaou smear and mammography are higher than the rest of the nation yet immigrant populations still have barriers accessing healthcare. With 38% of the city identifying as foreign born, there is a growing need to understand immigrant health and cancer screening behaviors to better assist them in accessing care. Through the Hepatitis Outreach Network (HONE), almost 1300 consenting participants completed a questionnaire on their demographics, hepatitis risk factors, and cancer screening behaviors as well as accessed Hepatitis B Virus screening from 2013...
Source: Journal of Community Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
This study explored Dominican provider attitudes towards human papillomavirus (HPV) testing and current challenges to effective cervical cancer prevention. In this Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) –driven mixed methods study, we conducted in-depth interviews (N = 21) and surveys (N = 202) with Dominican providers in Santo Domingo and Monte Plata provinces regarding their perspectives on barriers to cervical cancer prevention and their knowledge and attitudes towards HPV testing as an alternative to Pap smear. Providers believed the main barrier to cervical cancer preve...
Source: Journal of Cancer Education - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This study confirmed a correlation of the receipt of Pap test with knowing the causes and prevention mechanisms of cervical cancer. Adequate knowledge about cervical cancer causes, and prevention/control strategies may help to improve adherence to Pap smear testing in college students. PMID: 32291069 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Lessons learned from our trials may be useful to other researchers engaging in CBPR within underserved communities. PMID: 32280123 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Progress in Community Health Partnerships - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Prog Community Health Partnersh Source Type: research
Although much has been published in recent years on differences in Papanicolaou (Pap) tests across sexual orientation, other aspects of cervical cancer prevention remain underexplored, such as human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, HPV co-tests, or abnormal Pap tests.
Source: Womens Health Issues - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Original article Source Type: research
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