Association of oral dysbiosis with oral cancer development.
Association of oral dysbiosis with oral cancer development. Oncol Lett. 2020 Apr;19(4):3045-3058 Authors: La Rosa GRM, Gattuso G, Pedullà E, Rapisarda E, Nicolosi D, Salmeri M Abstract Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the leading cause of mortality for oral cancer. Numerous risk factors mainly related to unhealthy habits and responsible for chronic inflammation and infections have been recognized as predisposing factors for oral carcinogenesis. Recently, even microbiota alterations have been associated with the development of human cancers. In particular, some specific bacterial strains have been recognized and strongly associated with oral cancer development (Capnocytophaga gingivalis, Fusobacterium spp., Streptococcus spp., Peptostreptococcus spp., Porphyromonas gingivalis and Prevotella spp.). Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain how the oral microbiota could be involved in cancer pathogenesis by mainly paying attention to chronic inflammation, microbial synthesis of cancerogenic substances, and alteration of epithelial barrier integrity. Based on knowledge of the carcinogenic effects of dysbiosis, it was recently suggested that probiotics may have anti-tumoral activity. Nevertheless, few data exist with regard to probiotic effects on oral cancer. On this basis, the association between the development of oral cancer and oral dysbiosis is discussed focusing attention on the potential benefits of probiotics administration in canc...
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2020Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional RadiologyAuthor(s): Kasey Halsey, Jing Wu, Chang Su, Ben Hsieh, Thomas Yi, Scott A. Collins, Benjamin Kimia, Paul J. Zhang, Terrance Healey, Zishu Zhang, Harrison X. Bai
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2020Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): Lisa Loi, Ferdinand Zimmermann, Steffen Goerke, Andreas Korzowski, Jan-Eric Meissner, Katerina Deike-Hofmann, Anne Stieber, Peter Bachert, Mark Edward Ladd, Heinz-Peter Schlemmer, Sebastian Bickelhaupt, Sarah Schott, Daniel Paech
ConclusionThe proposed multiparametric MRI-based SLICs+MTh method performs noninvasive assessment of NACT response in osteosarcoma that may improve cancer treatment monitoring, planning, and overall prognosis.Key Points• The simple linear iterative clustering supervoxels and Otsu multithresholding-based technique (SLICs+MTh) successfully estimates the proportion of necrosis, viable tumor, and edema in osteosarcoma in the course of chemotherapy.• The proposed technique is noninvasive and uses multiparametric MRI to measure necrosis as an indication of anticancer treatment response.• SLICs+MTh-based necrosis w...
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2020Source: Pathology - Research and PracticeAuthor(s): Tania Franceschini, Elisa Capizzi, Francesco Massari, Riccardo Schiavina, Michelangelo Fiorentino, Francesca Giunchi
Publication date: May 2020Source: Journal of Comparative Pathology, Volume 177Author(s): L.M.C. Soares, A.H.B. Pereira, C.G. de Campos, L.S. Rocha, T.Á. dos Santos, M.A. Souza, P.C. Jark, C.A. Pescador
Psychologists say anxiety and uncertainty prompt irrational decisions — like turning down a transplant when an organ becomes available.
Publication date: 5 August 2020Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, Volume 187Author(s): Valentina Iacuzzi, Martina Zanchetta, Sara Gagno, Ariana Soledad Poetto, Marco Orleni, Elena Marangon, Michela Guardascione, Luisa Foltran, Bianca Posocco, Giuseppe Toffoli
Publication date: August 2020Source: Biomedicine &Pharmacotherapy, Volume 128Author(s): Qingzhi Guo, Li Li, Qimei Bo, Li Chen, Li Sun, Hongtang Shi
Conclusion: Saliva microbiota diversity and composition were significantly associated with body size and gender in Finnish children. Body size–specific saliva microbiota profiles open new avenues for studying the potential roles of microbiota in weight development and management. Introduction The composition and diversity of the human microbiota may be an important factor in health and disease (Cho and Blaser, 2012). Several studies have proposed that changes in the human gut microbiota may alter pathogenic mechanisms, which are associated with the development of obesity and insulin resistance (Musso et al., ...
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