Vaccination 'a civic duty' according to new report

This report provides useful information about adult immunisations in the UK as well as useful recommendations for increasing immunisation coverage, particularly among social care workers. However, it does not replace current guidelines for recommended vaccines. Currently recommended vaccines for adults in the UK are described below.    Who produced the report? This report, titled ‘Immune response. Adult immunisation in the UK’ was written by the UK’s International Longevity Centre (ILC-UK). According its website, the ILC-UK is a registered charity and independent think tank dedicated to addressing issues of longevity, ageing and population change. The report itself is based on new research recently published by SAATI (Supporting Active Ageing Through Immunisation). SAATI is a voluntary group of individuals from across Europe who are reported to share a commitment to tackle low public awareness of vaccine-preventable diseases. In November 2013, SAATI published a report on adult vaccination across Europe (Adult vaccination: a key component of healthy ageing. Benefits of life-course immunisation in Europe (PDF, 4.3MB)) which focused on the following seven infectious diseases that can be prevented by vaccination: flu – caused by the influenza viruses; this includes seasonal flu as well as swine flu pneumonia – lung infection, which may be caused by various bacteria, viruses and sometimes other organisms (such as fungi) ...
Source: NHS News Feed - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Medical practice Medication Older people QA articles Source Type: news

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Publication date: December 2018Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 55, Issue 6Author(s):
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
In this study, we generated VLPs containing hemagglutinin (HA), neuraminidase (NA) or M1 proteins derived from the A/California/04/09. Mice were immunized intramuscularly with HA-M1, NA-M1 or M1 VLPs and protective immunity was evaluated by assessing lung virus loads against low (5LD50) or high (100LD50) lethal dose of homologous virus challenges. High levels of virus-specific serum IgG antibody responses were induced in mice after HA-M1 VLPs immunization, whereas low or no IgG antibody responses were detected from immunization with NA-M1 VLPs or M1 VLPs, independently. Mice that were immunized with HA-M1 VLPs showed below...
Source: Immunological Investigations - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunol Invest Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe current study indicates that a history of OSAS/CSAS, myocardial infarction and BMI > 30 might be related to ICU admission in influenza patients. Second, ICU patients develop more pulmonary co-infections. Last, (pre-existent) renal failure and diabetes mellitus are more often observed in non-survivors.
Source: Journal of Critical Care - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
LOWELL (CBS) – A second case of measles has been diagnosed in Lowell and there may have been exposure to that person in Chelmsford and Tewksbury, state health officials confirmed Saturday. The latest case was discovered at the Lowell Community Health Center on Thursday, November 15, seven days after a two-year-old boy came down with the measles there. No information was released about the second person. “The individual was present in a number of locations that could have resulted in exposures to other people,” the Massachusetts Department of Public Health said in a statement. “There are no known lin...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Boston News Health Syndicated Local Lowell Measles Source Type: news
Authors: Lugović-Mihić L, Pilipović K, Crnarić I, Šitum M, Duvančić T Abstract Although cheilitis as a term describing lip inflammation has been identified and recognized for a long time, until now there have been no clear recommendations for its work-up and classification. The disease may appear as an isolated condition or as part of certain systemic diseases/conditions (such as anemia due to vitamin B12 or iron deficiency) or local infections (e.g., herpes and oral candidiasis). Cheilitis can also be a symptom of a contact reaction to an irritant or allergen, or may be provoked by sun exposure (actin...
Source: Acta Clinica Croatica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Clin Croat Source Type: research
Authors: Han Y, Mesplède T Abstract INTRODUCTION: The Zika virus (ZIKV) infection results in severe neurological complications and has emerged as a threat to public health worldwide. No drugs or vaccines are available for use in the clinic and the need for novel and effective therapeutic agents is urgent. Areas covered: This review describes the latest progress of antiviral development for the treatment of ZIKV infection; it primarily focuses on the literature describing twenty potential anti-ZIKV drugs/agents currently being tested in vivo or in clinical trials. The paper also discusses the need for novel Z...
Source: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Investig Drugs Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2018Source: Materials TodayAuthor(s): Rostyslav Bilyy, Solomiya Paryzhak, Kostiantyn Turcheniuk, Tetiana Dumych, Alexandre Barras, Rabah Boukherroub, Fujia Wang, Gleb Yushin, Sabine SzuneritsAbstractImproving efficiency of an adjuvant, material that enhances the body’s immune response to an antigen, has become vital for the development of safer, cheaper, and more effective next-generation vaccines. Commercial vaccines typically use aluminum salt-based adjuvant particles, most commonly aluminum oxyhydroxide (AlOOH) and aluminum hydroxide (Al(OH)3) based, often referred to...
Source: Materials Today - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: December 2018Source: Seminars in Cell &Developmental Biology, Volume 84Author(s): Christophe Macri, Ee Shan Pang, Timothy Patton, Meredith O’KeeffeAbstractDendritic cells (DC) are professional antigen presenting cells comprising a variety of subsets, as either resident or migrating cells, in lymphoid and non-lymphoid organs.In the steady state DC continually process and present antigens on MHCI and MHCII, processes that are highly upregulated upon activation. By expressing differential sets of pattern recognition receptors different DC subsets are able to respond to a range of pathogenic and dan...
Source: Seminars in Cell and Developmental Biology - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2018Source: Veterinary MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Xiaohong Xu, Cong Xue, Renfu Yin, Xinxin Liu, Junjiao Li, Yidong Fei, Zhe Liu, Jiaqi Mu, Yuhai Bi, Tobias Stoeger, Jing Qian, Zhuang DingAbstractNewcastle disease virus (NDV) and H9 subtype avian influenza virus (AIV) are two avian pathogens across the globe. Inasmuch as most poultry flocks worldwide are vaccinated with a live low-virulence or attenuated NDV vaccine, we embarked on the development of vaccine prototypes that would have dual specificities and would allow a single immunization against both avian influenza (AI) and New...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 November 2018Source: Veterinary MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Juanhua Liu, Xiaohui Mu, Xiaobo Wang, Haixia Huan, Qingqing Gao, Juan Chen, Peizhuang Qiao, Luyao Jiang, Song Gao, Xiufan LiuAbstractThe lambda red recombination system makes it suitable for screening virulence gene utility in avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) on account of its wide applicability, simplicity and high efficiency. In APEC E058 (O2 serogroup), there are two copies of the outer membrane protease (ompT) gene, compT encoding cOmpT that is located on the chromosome and pompT encoding pOmpT that is located on a ColV...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
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