School-based health education for dengue control in Kelantan, Malaysia: Impact on knowledge, attitude and practice

by Rattanam AhbiRami, Wan Fatma Zuharah The massive flood in Malaysia’s east coast in December 2014 has placed Kelantan in a possible dengue outbreak risk. At this point, community awareness is essential in preventing disease spread. However, no data on knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of dengue in Kelantan have existed in rele vance to flood disaster, although such information is necessary for the vector control programs. The purpose of this study is to assess the KAP regarding dengue among school children from flooded and unflooded areas and to evaluate the effectiveness of the dengue health education program in improvin g their KAP level. A school-based pre- and post-tests design was utilized in this study whereby a booklet on dengue was distributed during the interphase of the tests. The information collected was on the socio-demographic, KAP and the source of dengue information. We statistically compared the KAP between the two study sites and the pre- and post-test scores to evaluate the health education program. A total of 203 students participated in the survey, and 51.7% of them were flood victims. When comparing the baseline KAP, the respondents from the unflooded area had higher knowledge scores compa red to those from the flooded area (P0.05). The health education program significantly improved knowledge and practice in the flooded area and knowledge only in the unflooded area (P
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research

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