IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 2261: Intention to Screen for Alzheimer ’s Disease by Residential Locale

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 2261: Intention to Screen for Alzheimer’s Disease by Residential Locale International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph17072261 Authors: Lilah M. Besser Willa D. Brenowitz Juyoung Park Magdalena I. Tolea James E. Galvin A random digit dialing sample from Missouri (USA) was used to compare associations between psychosocial factors and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) screening intention based on residential locale. Linear regression associations between demographics and five psychosocial constructs (dementia knowledge, perceived screening benefits, preventive health behaviors, perceived susceptibility, and self-efficacy) and screening intention were compared by residential locale. Participants (n = 932) had a mean age of 62 years (urban: n = 375; suburban: n = 319, rural: n = 238). African Americans more often lived in urban than suburban/rural neighborhoods, and more urban than suburban/rural residents reported insufficient income. Preventative health behaviors (e.g., dentist visits) were higher in urban and suburban versus rural participants. AD screening intention did not differ by residential locale. Among urban participants, self-efficacy to get screened was associated with screening intention. Among rural participants, dementia knowledge was associated with screening intention. Perceived screening benefits and perceived susceptibility to AD were associated with screening intention regard...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Authors: Wang Z, Shen L, Wang Y, Huang S Abstract Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease, which is considered the most common type of dementia worldwide. The aim of the present study was to identify key microRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) and mRNAs affecting the pathogenesis of AD, which may be developed as promising biomarkers for the early diagnosis or targeted therapy of patients with AD. Integrative analysis was performed on 12 representative miRNA datasets and three mRNA datasets of the blood from patients with AD, in order to identify differentially expressed (DE)miRNAs and DEmRNAs. Subsequen...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that the CAIDE dementia risk score is associated with cortical thickness and cognitive function at midlife in a low-risk population. These data provide insight into subclinical structural and functional changes occurring during midlife associated with future risk for the development of dementia. PMID: 32467426 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord Source Type: research
Authors: Polychronidou E, Avramouli A, Vlamos P Abstract Misfolded proteins result when a protein follows the wrong folding pathway. Accumulation of misfolded proteins can cause disorders, known as amyloid diseases. Unfortunately, some of them are very common. The most prevalent one is Alzheimer's disease. Alzheimer's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder and the commonest form of dementia. The current study aims to assess the impact of somatic mutations in PSEN1 gene. The said mutations are the most common cause of familial Alzheimer's disease. As protein functionality can be affected by mutations, the study of ...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Robakis NK Abstract Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common type of dementia caused by severe neurodegeneration in the hippocampus and neocortical regions of the brain. In addition to neurodegeneration, AD brains contain high levels of amyloid plaques (APs) and neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) which are used as neuropathological hallmarks of the disorder. Despite intense research efforts, the mechanism(s) of the AD neurodegeneration are imperfectly understood, hampering efforts for the development of efficient therapeutics. Furthermore, failure of clinical trials to benefit AD patients suggests that AD h...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
The objective of this review study is to highlight the effectiveness of brief cognitive tests (BCT) in the case of dementia and Alzheimer's disease screening. Authors' future work will focus on the application of BCT in MCI diagnosis and evaluation. PMID: 32468467 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Salis C, Papageorgiou L, Papakonstantinou E, Hagidimitriou M, Vlachakis D Abstract Neurodegenerative diseases lead to the death of nerve cells in the brain or the spinal cord. A wide range of diseases are included within the group of neurodegenerative disorders, with the most common ones being dementia, Alzheimer's, and Parkinson's diseases. Millions of older people are suffering from such pathologies. The global increase of life expectancy unavoidably leads to a consequent increase in the number of people who will be at some degree affected by neurodegenerative-related diseases. At this moment, there is n...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Lyketsos CG Abstract Over 40 million people worldwide suffer from dementia. This number is projected to exceed 110 million by 2050 because of the aging of the worldwide population, especially in lower- and middle-income countries. The most common cause of dementia is believed to be Alzheimer's, a brain disease associated with deposition of beta-amyloid protein and hyperphosphorylation of intraneuronal tau protein leading to synaptic degradation, neuronal loss, brain circuit disruption, a range of symptoms, and eventually, if the person lives long enough, death. Over the last few decades, treatment developm...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The utilization of informatics in making cognitive assessment a user-friendly, validated, not time- or cost-consuming procedure would add value to psychometric tools which still are administered with "pen and paper", when this proceeds with respect to the ethics of the science. PMID: 32468544 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Skolariki K, Exarchos T Abstract Dementia describes a group of symptoms linked with cognitive decline. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia. Identifying accurate diagnostic biomarkers is a key goal. Technological advancements result in the generation of an ever-increasing volume of data. An interdisciplinary field of bioinformatics, known as machine learning (ML), allows scientists to explore and analyse said data. ML is broadly categorized into two groups: (i) unsupervised learning and (ii) supervised learning. This paper focuses on supervised learning methodologies. These approach...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
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