-866G/A and Ins/Del polymorphisms in the UCP2 gene and diabetic kidney disease: case-control study and meta-analysis

In conclusion, our case-control and meta-analysis studies did not indicate an association between the analyzed UCP2 polymorphisms and DKD.
Source: Genetics and Molecular Biology - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

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Authors: Yahaya TO, Ufuoma SB Abstract Single gene mutations have been implicated in the pathogenesis of a form of diabetes mellitus (DM) known as the maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY). However, there are diverse opinions on the suspect genes and pathophysiology, necessitating the need to review and communicate the genes to raise public awareness. We used the Google search engine to retrieve relevant information from reputable sources such as PubMed and Google Scholar. We identified 14 classified MODY genes as well as three new and unclassified genes linked with MODY. These genes are fundamentally embedde...
Source: Oman Medical Journal - Category: Middle East Health Tags: Oman Med J Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This pilot study demonstrated an improved medication reconciliation process with pharmacist involvement, expanding the body of evidence that pharmacists can enhance TOC management in an inpatient setting. These results highlight the utility of a pharmacist in the implementation and refinement of TOC services and provides impetus for a team-based approach when patients experience a TOC. PMID: 32483643 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Southern Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: South Med J Source Type: research
ConclusionsA 5-year retrospective analysis reveals the mean prevalence of DR in the population with type 1 and type 2 DM in Poland was rather low.
Source: Acta Diabetologica - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Diabetic‑induced alterations in hepatic glucose and lipid metabolism: The role of type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (Review). Mol Med Rep. 2020 May 22;: Authors: Jiang S, Young JL, Wang K, Qian Y, Cai L Abstract Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a growing health concern in society. Type 1 and type 2 DM are the two main types of diabetes; both types are chronic diseases that affect glucose metabolism in the body and the impaired regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism promotes the development and progression of DM. During the physiological metabolism process, the liver serves a unique role in glucose and...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
I have results from my clinic… Three of my diabetic patients went into remission after using hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT). Two patients had type 1 diabetes… and another had type 2 diabetes. All three recovered with oxygen therapy. Most mainstream doctors would scoff at the idea… they “know” there’s no cure for diabetes. And to be treated for it with oxygen seems laughable. If you’re a regular reader, you know more about oxygen therapy than 99% of the general public, including most doctors. But the reason diabetes responds so well to oxygen may surprise you… It al...
Source: Al Sears, MD Natural Remedies - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Health Source Type: news
ConclusionOur study indicates a direct link between systemic inflammation and the timely progression of type 1 DM. In patients with type 2 DM, no statistical significance was found between the levels of studied biomarkers and the occurrence of microvascular complications. Nephropathy appeared sooner in type 1 DM patients, while retinopathy and neuropathy had a similar pattern of occurrence in both types of patients.
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: There is inconclusive evidence of very low certainty regarding the effects of NNS consumption compared with either sugar, placebo, or nutritive low-calorie sweetener consumption on clinically relevant benefit or harm for HbA1c, body weight, and adverse events in people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Data on health-related quality of life, diabetes complications, all-cause mortality, and socioeconomic effects are lacking. PMID: 32449201 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Exposure to chronic hyperglycemia because of diabetes mellitus can lead to development and progression of diabetic kidney disease (DKD). We recently reported that reduced superoxide production is associated with mitochondrial dysfunction in the kidneys of mouse models of type 1 DKD. We also demonstrated that humans with DKD have significantly reduced levels of mitochondrion-derived metabolites in their urine. Here we examined renal superoxide production in a type 2 diabetes animal model, the db/db mouse, and the role of a mitochondrial protectant, MTP-131 (also called elamipretide, SS-31, or Bendavia) in restoring renal su...
Source: Journal of Biological Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Metabolism Source Type: research
Clinical practice guidelines on diabetes mellitus and pregnancy: Ι. Pre-existing type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Hormones (Athens). 2020 May 15;: Authors: Anastasiou E, Farmakidis G, Gerede A, Goulis DG, Koukkou E, Kourtis A, Mamopoulos A, Papadimitriou K, Papadopoulos V, Stefos T Abstract Women with type 1 (T1DM) or type 2 diabetes (T2DM) diagnosed prior to pregnancy are classified as having pre-existing diabetes mellitus (DM). The prevalence of hyperglycemia in pregnancy has been estimated at 17% globally and 5.4% in Europe, differences existing among racial and ethnic groups, following the...
Source: Hormones - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Hormones (Athens) Source Type: research
AbstractThe aim of this narrative review is to update the current knowledge on the differential choice of circulating cardiac biomarkers in patients with prediabetes and established type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). There are numerous circulating biomarkers with unconfirmed abilities to predict clinical outcomes in pre-DM and DM individuals; the prognostication ability of the cardiac biomarkers reported here has been established, and they are still being studied. The conventional cardiac biomarkers, such as natriuretic peptides (NPs), soluble suppressor tumorigenisity-2, high-sensitivity circulating cardiac troponins and ga...
Source: Diabetes Therapy - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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