Does computed tomography scan add any diagnostic value to the evaluation of stab wounds of the anterior abdominal wall? A systematic review and meta-analysis

CONCLUSION This meta-analysis compared SCE with CT scan in patients presenting with stab wounds of the anterior abdominal wall and provided level II evidence showing no additional benefit in CT scan. Further observational and experimental clinical studies are needed to confirm the findings of this meta-analysis. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE Systematic review and meta-analysis, level II.
Source: The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: SYSTEMATIC REVIEWS Source Type: research

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ConclusionPneumatosis intestinalis and severity of vascular luminal narrowing are the most important imaging predictors of transmural ischemic bowel necrosis in patients presenting with AMI. The presence of these findings on CT scan should raise high index of suspicion for irreversible transmural ischemic necrosis. In the absence of these factors, endovascular management might be beneficial.
Source: Abdominal Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Abstract Animal-related injuries should be analyzed based on the behavior and anatomy of the attacking animal. Rhinoceros-related injuries in humans are extremely rare. Hereby, we report a life-threatening traumatic diaphragmatic hernia in a woman who presented three years after a rhinoceros gored her chest. A 47-year-old lady presented with abdominal pain, bilious vomiting and obstipation of one-day duration. She had recurrent attacks of colicky abdominal pain for a week before that. The patient gave the history of being admitted to the ICU three years before, after being gored by a rhinoceros into her chest whil...
Source: Turkish Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery : TJTES - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg Source Type: research
Endosc Int Open 2020; 08: E573-E577 DOI: 10.1055/a-1123-7782 Background and study aims Lateral duodenal wall perforation by a migrated stent is a potential complication of biliary stenting. By systematic database revision, we identified a series of six patients with lateral duodenal wall perforation caused by a displaced plastic biliary stent that were treated with over-the-scope clip (OTSC) between January 1, 2014 and March 31, 2019. In this series, most cases were related to stenting of benign strictures with single or double stenting and with the use of stents longer than 12 cm. OTSC permitted perforation clos...
Source: Endoscopy International Open - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Case report Source Type: research
ConclusionPCI is rare disease, in emergency setting, we had to consider in differential diagnosis with colonic vascular disorders.
Source: International Journal of Colorectal Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
ConclusionsCT imaging remains vital in assessing for potential bowel and/or mesenteric injuries following blunt abdominal trauma. The RAPTOR score provides a simplified approach to predict the need for early therapeutic operative intervention.
Source: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Penetrating trauma in children and adolescents is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. There are similarities with the management of these injuries in adults, but further work is required to ensure that paediatric management algorithms are evidence based. PMID: 32243113 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: South African Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: S Afr J Surg Source Type: research
Conclusion: An accurate diagnosis of complications due to fish bone intake, often secondary to the unintentional intake, is quite challenging. Detailed history-taking about the patient's diet and eating habits is therefore important. Clinical manifestations are mainly determined by the location of perforation, which typically occurs at the junction of the ileum and rectal sigmoid colon. Imaging examination and surgery are often used for definite diagnosis.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
An 84-year-old woman with known history of paraesophageal hiatal hernia presented with acute epigastric pain and vomiting. Laboratory testing revealed no clinically significant derangements. A computed tomography scan was performed, which revealed rotation of the stomach along its long axis with reversal of the greater and lesser curvatures, mimicking an inverted stomach appearance (Figure A). This finding was consistent with organoaxial gastric volvulus. The patient was emergently taken for laparotomy for detorsion of the stomach and gastropexy.
Source: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Electronic Image of the Month Source Type: research
ConclusionMesenteric cysts represent a rare cause of intra-abdominal mass. Owing to low prevalence, literature is limited as is guidance on management. Careful pre-operative planning is essential so as to avoid operative complications. Imaging such as USS is of great importance; however Computed Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) may be of more benefit, owing to the complex anatomical relations within which mesenteric cysts can present. Surgical excision is widely reported as the surgical treatment of choice for symptomatic cysts.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsSubstantial agreement exists among experts regarding many strong recommendations for the best early management of severe abdominal trauma.
Source: Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
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