Cancer in adult patients with inflammatory arthritis is associated with high ascending aortic stiffness and left ventricular hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction

This study was designed to assess the possible relationships between CV abnormalities and cancer among RA/PsA/AS patients. Between March 2014 and March 2015, 414 patients (214 RA, 125 PsA, and 75 SA) in sinus rhythm without known cardiac disease underwent clinical and color Doppler echocardiographic evaluation and were prospectively followed up. Patients had a mean age of 58  ± 12 years, 64% women. Forty-two patients (10.1%) had a diagnosis of cancer (made before enrollment in 24 cases and in 18 cases during the 36 months of follow-up). Skin cancer was the most frequent malignancy found, followed by thyroid, colon, pancreas, and breast cancer. Patients who had ca ncer were older with higher systolic blood pressure, more frequent hypertension and moderate/high disease activity, left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, diastolic dysfunction, and higher ascending aortic stiffness index (AOSI) than those who had not. At multivariate logistic regression analysis, LV di astolic dysfunction and abnormally high AOSI emerged as conditions associated with cancer together with older age and hypertension. Cancer in RA/PsA/AS adults without history of CV disease is closely associated with specific asymptomatic CV abnormalities, such as LV diastolic dysfunction and reduced vascular elasticity, which are independent of age and hypertension.
Source: Internal and Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

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