Claims AI outperforms doctors 'exaggerated'

Studies suggesting artificial intelligence is as good or better than doctors at interpreting medical images are of poor quality Related items fromOnMedica Sentinel node biopsy first to check spread of oral cancer NICE updates lung cancer guidance Benefits of breast screening are overestimated, research suggests Annual mammograms do not cut cancer deaths Ultrasonography needed to check for ectopic pregnancy
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 10 January 2020Source: Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology and Environmental MutagenesisAuthor(s): Michael Fenech, Nina Holland, Micheline Kirsch-Volders, Lisbeth E. Knudsen, Karl-Heinz Wagner, Helga Stopper, Siegfried Knasmueller, Claudia Bolognesi, Randa El-Zein, Stefano BonassiAbstractThe “Micronuclei and Disease” workshop was organized by the HUMN Project consortium and hosted by the European Environmental Mutagen and Genomics Society at their annual meeting in Rennes, France, on 23 May 2019. The program of the workshop focused on addressing the emerging evidence linking ...
Source: Mutation Research Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Yafei Tan1,2, Omer Van den Bergh2, Jiang Qiu1* and Andreas von Leupoldt2* 1Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University, Chongqing, China 2Health Psychology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium Dyspnea is a prevalent interoceptive sensation and the aversive cardinal symptom in many cardiorespiratory diseases as well as in mental disorders. Especially the unpredictability of the occurrence of dyspnea episodes has been suggested to be highly anxiety provoking for affected patients. Moreover, previous studies demonstrated that unpredictable exteroceptive stimuli increased self-reports and electrophysiological responses of an...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Li Liu, Jiajing Lin and Hongying He* Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Liuzhou Worker’s Hospital, Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Liuzhou, China Background and Objective: Endometrial cancer (EC) is a common gynecological malignancy worldwide. Despite advances in the development of strategies for treating EC, prognosis of the disease remains unsatisfactory, especially for advanced EC. The aim of this study was to identify novel genes that can be used as potential biomarkers for identifying the prognosis of EC and to construct a novel risk stratification using these genes. Me...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusion: Periodontal disease is significantly and positively correlated with increased risk of hypertension in Chinese population, and exact mechanisms of this association should be explored in future. Introduction Periodontal disease is a complex polymicrobial inflammation, including gingivitis and periodontitis. According to the 2015 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study, the prevalence of severe chronic periodontitis in 2015 has reached 616 million (Kassebaum et al., 2017). In China, the periodontal disease standardized DALYs rate has risen from 24.7 in 1990 to 25.7 in 2013 according to the data from 2013 GBD ...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Conclusion The expression of the components of the PTN-MK-RPTPβ/ζ axis in immune cells and in inflammatory diseases suggests important roles for this axis in inflammation. Pleiotrophin has been recently identified as a limiting factor of metainflammation, a chronic pathological state that contributes to neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration. Pleiotrophin also seems to potentiate acute neuroinflammation independently of the inflammatory stimulus while MK seems to play different -even opposite- roles in acute neuroinflammation depending on the stimulus. Which are the functions of MK and PTN in chronic neuroinfla...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Acalabrutinib monotherapy produced high response rates and demonstrated an acceptable safety profile in patients with TN CLL.DisclosuresFurman: Gilead: Consultancy; Loxo Oncology: Consultancy; Acerta: Consultancy, Research Funding; Genentech: Consultancy; Pharmacyclics LLC, an AbbVie Company: Consultancy; Sunesis: Consultancy; TG Therapeutics: Consultancy; Verastem: Consultancy; Incyte: Consultancy, Other: DSMB; Janssen: Consultancy; AbbVie: Consultancy. Martin: Gilead: Consultancy; Janssen: Consultancy; Bayer: Consultancy; Seattle Genetics: Consultancy; AstraZeneca: Consultancy; Kite: Consultancy. O'Brien: Jan...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 642. CLL: Therapy, excluding Transplantation: Advances in Frontline Therapy of CLL Source Type: research
Conclusions: Peroral arsenic has little effect on local airway immune responses to bacteria but compromises respiratory epithelial barrier integrity, increasing systemic translocation of inhaled pathogens and small molecules. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1878 Received: 09 March 2017 Revised: 14 August 2017 Accepted: 16 August 2017 Published: 28 September 2017 Address correspondence to M.B. Fessler, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, 111 T.W. Alexander Dr., P.O. Box 12233, Maildrop D2-01, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709 USA. Telephone: (919) 541-3701. Email: fesslerm@niehs.nih.gov *Current address: UN...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Conclusions: Population level of iAs% and DMA%, but not MMA%, were associated with arsenic exposure levels. Overall, study findings suggest that higher MMA% was associated with an increased risk of cancer and cardiovascular disease, while lower MMA% was associated with an increased risk of diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Additional population-based studies and experimental studies are needed to further evaluate and understand the role of arsenic exposure in arsenic metabolism and the role of arsenic metabolism in disease development. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP577 Received: 01 June 2016 Revised: 26 February 2017 Acce...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Conclusions: To understand the complexity of exposures faced throughout the lifespan, both traditional and nontraditional biomonitoring methods should be used. Through hybrid approaches and the integration of emerging techniques, biomonitoring strategies can be maximized in research to define the exposome. Citation: Dennis KK, Marder E, Balshaw DM, Cui Y, Lynes MA, Patti GJ, Rappaport SM, Shaughnessy DT, Vrijheid M, Barr DB. 2017. Biomonitoring in the era of the exposome. Environ Health Perspect 125:502–510; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/EHP474 Address correspondence to D.B. Barr, Department of Environmental Health, Ro...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Commentaries April 2017 Source Type: research
Marijuana is widely used, especially in adolescents and young adults. In the US, there are about 20 million users (about 7.5% of people aged 12 or older). Marijuana is a mind-altering (psychoactive) drug. Similar to hemp, it comes from the cannabis plant. The plant’s primary drug effects come from the chemical delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, or “THC.” Marijuana is smoked, “vaped” (inhaling the vapor), or ingested in foods or teas. Over the last few decades, the concentration of THC in the cannabis plant has been increasing. In addition, the plant extracts are more potent. Short-term effects of m...
Source: New Harvard Health Information - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Behavioral Health Brain and cognitive health Drugs and Supplements Pain Management Source Type: news
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