EORTC head & neck cancer trial shows assessing HRQOL is valuable to both patients and their doctors

(European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer) EORTC trial 24954 set out to compare two treatment schemes for patients with respectable hypopharyngeal and laryngeal cancers, and the results published in Cancer show that there is a trend towards worse HRQOL scores in patients receiving alternating chemoradiotherapy (alternating arm) as opposed to those given sequential induction chemotherapy and radiotherapy (sequential arm). However, very few differences reached the level of statistical significance, and most patients' HRQOL scores returned to baseline once treatment was completed.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: The RP2D of Debio 1143 is 200 mg/day for 14 days, q3w when combined with concomitant high-dose cisplatin chemoradiotherapy in LA-SCCHN. Debio 1143 addition to chemoradiotherapy was safe and manageable. Preliminary efficacy is encouraging and supports further development. PMID: 32994295 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Cancer Res Source Type: research
Conclusion: PFS rate in this study may have been improved by selecting surgical treatment for patients for whom chemoradiotherapy seemed less effective. One cycle of TPF in induction chemotherapy appeared effective for chemoselection.
Source: In Vivo - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Clinical Studies Source Type: research
Conditions:   p16INK4a Negative Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma;   Stage III Hypopharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7;   Stage III Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7;   Stage III Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7;   Stage III Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7;   Stage IV Hypopharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7;   Stage IV Laryngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7;   Stage IV Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7;   Stage IV Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7;   Stage IVA Hypopharyngeal Squ...
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
In Europe, induction chemotherapy (ICT) followed by radiotherapy is preferred to conventional chemoradiotherapy to avoid total laryngectomy in patients with laryngeal/hypopharyngeal cancer. In comparison with conventional radiotherapy, bioradiotherapy with cetuximab significantly improves locoregional control rates (LCRs) and overall survival (OS) without any increase in unmanageable toxicity.
Source: European Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
Abstract Head and neck cancer (HNC), which includes epithelial malignancies of the upper aerodigestive tract (oral cavity, oropharynx, pharynx, hypopharynx, larynx, and thyroid), are slowly but consistently increasing, while the overall survival rate remains unsatisfactory. Because of the multifunctional anatomical intricacies of the head and neck, disease progression and therapy-related side effects often severely affect the patient's appearance and self-image, as well as their ability to breathe, speak, and swallow. Patients with HNC require a multidisciplinary approach involving surgery, radiation therapy, and ...
Source: Biomedicine and pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine and pharmacotherapie - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biomed Pharmacother Source Type: research
In this study 32 patients treated by laryngectomy with partial pharyngectomy and adjuvant radiotherapy underwent fibreoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing at 6 and 12  weeks after completion of treatment. Majority of them had delayed transit of bolus, dryness and edema and 6 of them had pharyngeal stenosis, 2 had fibrotic band and 2 had adynamic pharyngeal segments. These findings were the cause of dysphagia. The frequency of occurrence of the above findings and their association with extent of resection of pharyngeal mucosa and adjuvant treatment have been documented. Bilateral neck dissection, post operative ch...
Source: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Analysis by logistic regression determined there is significant weight loss (>10%) in patients receiving radical RT as compared with adjuvant RT. Better outcomes were observed in patients receiving RT by IMRT-IGRT technique as compared with 3DCRT technique. PMID: 32329543 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Nutrition in Clinical Practice - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Nutr Clin Pract Source Type: research
Conclusions and significance: Combination of docetaxel, nedaplatin, and 5-fluorouracil plays an important role in the comprehensive treatment of advanced LHC. PMID: 32186224 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Oto-Laryngologica - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Acta Otolaryngol Source Type: research
ConclusionsPCE as IC was feasible, with promising efficacy and no effect on compliance with subsequent CRT in unresectable LA ‐SCCHN.
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
ConclusionsA single-cycle induction chemotherapy for HNSCC enables surgery plus adjuvant therapy as well as chemoradiotherapy. The long-term local and distant disease control was good but varied between tumors in the larynx and mesopharynx/tongue vs. hypopharynx.
Source: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
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