Changes in Muscle Activation and Ground Reaction Force of the Lower Limbs According to Foot Placement During Sit-to-Stand Training in Stroke Patients
Objective The aims of the study were to investigate the kinetic effects of sit-to-stand training in various foot positions on the coronal plane in patients with strokes and to suggest appropriate exercises. Design Thirty-six poststroke subjects participated in this study. The subjects performed three sit-to-stand trials in the following foot positions: (a) symmetric foot positioning (symmetric), (b) affected foot placed to the side (asymmetric 1), and (c) and less affected foot placed to the side (asymmetric 2). They were asked to perform sit-to-stand training at a spontaneous velocity and remain standing for 5 secs, whereas the vertical ground reaction force was measured using force platforms. The activation of lower limb muscles was evaluated using surface electromyography, and the peak and mean vertical ground reaction force and weight-bearing symmetry ratio were evaluated using force platforms. Results Our results showed significant increases in the muscle activation, peak and mean vertical ground reaction force, and weight-bearing symmetry ratio of the lower limbs using the asymmetric 2 strategy (P
CONTEXT: Athletic trainers (ATs) are educated and trained in appropriate exertional heat-stroke (EHS) management strategies, yet disparities may exist between intended and actual uses in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To examine the intended and actual ...
Condition: COVID-19 Intervention: Sponsor: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) Enrolling by invitation
Conditions: Parkinson's Disease; Functional Movement Disorders; COVID-19 Intervention: Sponsor: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) Recruiting
Conditions: Stroke; Rehabilitation Intervention: Sponsors: Neurorehabilitering - Kbh, City of Copenhagen; Bispebjerg Hospital; Copenhagen: The University Hospitals Centre for Health Research Not yet recruiting
Conditions: Neurologic Disorder; Stroke; Spinal Cord Injuries; Cerebral Palsy; Hemiplegia; Hemiparesis; Multiple Sclerosis; Parkinson Disease; Trauma, Brain; Transverse Myelitis; Friedreich Ataxia Intervention: Behavioral: Seated exercise Sponsor: Burke Medical Research Institute Recruiting
In this study, we evaluated whether electroacupuncture (EA) on the trigeminal nerve-innervated acupoints could alleviate PSCI and identified the mechanisms in an animal model. The male Sprague-Dawley rat middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model was used in our study. EA was conducted on the two scalp acupoints, EX-HN3 (Yintang) and GV20 (Baihui), innervated by the trigeminal nerve, for 14 sessions, daily. Morris water maze and novel object recognition were used to evaluate the animal's cognitive performance. Neuroprotection and synaptic plasticity biomarkers were analyzed in brain tissues. Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) i...
Publication date: Available online 24 September 2020Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): Michelle Samuel, James M. Brophy, Laura D’Aronco, Jean-Claude Tardif, Paul Khairy
Authors: KiliÇ E, ÇaĞlayan B, Caglar Beker M Abstract Apart from its metabolic or physiological functions, melatonin has a potent cytoprotective activity in the physiological and pathological conditions. It is synthetized by the pineal gland and released into the blood circulation but particularly cerebrospinal fluid in a circadian manner. It can also easily diffuse through cellular membranes due its small size and lipophilic structure. Its cytoprotective activity has been linked to its potent free radical scavenger activity with the desirable characteristics of a clinically- reliable antioxidant. Me...
Conclusions: HDAC may be a new biological target for cerebral ischemic stroke. Future drug development targeting HDAC may make it a potentially effective anticerebral ischemic stroke drug. PMID: 32963637 [PubMed - in process]