Africa: New WHO Recommendations to Prevent Tuberculosis Aim to Save Millions of Lives

[WHO] Geneva -New World Health Organization (WHO) guidance will help countries accelerate efforts to stop people with tuberculosis (TB) infection becoming sick with TB by giving them preventive treatment.
Source: AllAfrica News: Tuberculosis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

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Publication date: August 2020Source: Molecular Immunology, Volume 124Author(s): Fang Fang, Qing Ge, Rui Li, Jingzhu Lv, Yao Zhang, Anlin Feng, Gabriel T. Kelly, Hongtao Wang, Xiaojing Wang, Chuanwang Song, Ting Wang, Zhongqing Qian
Source: Molecular Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
In this study, we analyzed the distribution of Mycobacterium species, compare the diagnostic methods, and susceptibilities to anti-tuberculosis drugs of TB isolates. The aim was to document the current status and to provide a frame of reference for future studies. In this study, 278 Mycobacterium species isolated from 7,480 patients between September 2015 and June 2019 were included. Löwenstein-Jensen medium (LJ) and MGIT 960 were used for the isolation of strains. Susceptibility to 1st-line anti-tuberculosis drugs was determined. Positivity rates in clinical samples were as follows: 1.4% for direct microscopic acid-f...
Source: Polish Journal of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: Pol J Microbiol Source Type: research
ewski Antibiotics were initially natural substances. However, nowadays, they also include synthetic drugs, which show their activity against bacteria, killing or inhibiting their growth and division. Thanks to these properties, many antibiotics have quickly found practical application in the fight against infectious diseases such as tuberculosis, syphilis, gastrointestinal infections, pneumonia, bronchitis, meningitis and septicemia. Antibiotic resistance is currently a detrimental problem; therefore, in addition to the improvement of antibiotic therapy, attention should also be paid to active metabolites in the body, ...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Authors: PMID: 32469281 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research
This study was aimed at determining the incidence and the onset of hepatotoxicity and at evaluating the relationship of some risk factors for hepatotoxicity among Human Immunodeficiency Virus- (HIV-) positive, tuberculosis (TB), and HIV/TB patients on treatment. This was a prospective follow-up study involving 125 participants from the HIV/AIDS and TB treatment centres in three hospitals in Fako Division of Cameroon. These TB and HIV patients were initiated on RHEZ (R = Rifampicin, H = Isoniazid, E = Ethambutol, and P = Pyrazinamide) and TELE (efavirenz/tenofovir/lami...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Scientists prepare to examine sewage in attempt to try to find the source of a Covid-19 infection that killed Nathan TurnerPassengers on the ill-fated Ruby Princess cruise ship have been sent another warning from the New South Wales health department, warning that they could have been exposed to tuberculosis.The Ruby Princess voyage that arrived in Sydney on 19 March is responsible for about 10% of all coronavirus infections in Australia, and the bungled management of the outbreak has sparked two separate inquires.Continue reading...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Health Australia news Science Queensland Source Type: news
In conclusion, we report a COPD prevalence of 6.22% in HIV-infected individuals in rural Uganda. Pulmonary tuberculosis remains the strongest predictor of COPD risk and reduced lung function in well-controlled HIV. PMID: 32462945 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: COPD Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: There is a need to improve respiratory infectious disease procedures in our study hospitals, especially in outpatient and emergency departments. PMID: 32459978 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Postgraduate Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Postgrad Med Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Body mass index and population density were inversely associated with pulmonary tuberculosis relapses in Cali. On the contrary, alcohol consumption increased the likelihood of tuberculosis relapses. PMID: 32463612 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Biomedica Source Type: research
Authors: Román-González A, Toro JP, Arias LF Abstract La insuficiencia suprarrenal primaria es un defecto en la producción de glucocorticoides, mineralocorticoides y andrógenos sexuales. Los pacientes afectados por esta condición se caracterizan por concentraciones bajas de cortisol y deficiencia de aldosterona con hiponatremia e hiperpotasemia concomitantes. La etiología más común es el desarrollo de anticuerpos contra la enzima 21 hidroxilasa. Otra causa importante de la insuficiencia suprarrenal primaria son las enfermedades infecciosas, en especial en los ...
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Biomedica Source Type: research
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