Other-initiations of repair by children with developmental language disorder in speech-language therapy and non-institutional play.

This study explores the use of other-initiations of repair by children with developmental language disorder (DLD). The data are children's video-recorded language assessment sessions, speech-language therapy sessions and two kinds of non-institutional play sessions, parent-child and peer play. The videotapes were transcribed following CA conventions focusing on speech and relevant embodied actions. Other-initiations of repair were identified, collected and analyzed. The analysis focuses on open requests and candidate understandings which were the two most common types of other-initiation of repair in the data. The types of other-initiation of repair were similar to those found in adult interactions and by neurotypical children. Repair sequences were regularly short consisting only of three turns. Other-initiations of repair typically emerged in certain contexts: open requests were regularly used after sudden topical shifts, child's inattention, or long and complex setting of language tasks in assessment and therapy, whereas candidate understandings were mostly used for confirming the children's inferences of the meaning of unclear references or wider semantic content in free conversation. This indicates that the local sequential context influences the types of problems the children with DLD encounter, and the types of problems determine how the children other-initiate repair to solve these problems. Thus, the sequential context should be considered in a detailed manner when a...
Source: Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Clin Linguist Phon Source Type: research

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Source: Aphasiology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Source Type: research
Being an astronaut ’s wife thrust her into the spotlight, but a stutter left her struggling for words until she found help.
Source: NYT Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Stuttering Deaths (Obituaries) Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Glenn, John Herschel Jr Glenn, Annie Source Type: news
(COLUMBUS, Ohio) — Annie Glenn, wife of the late astronaut and U.S. Sen. John Glenn who overcame a childhood stutter to become an advocate for others with speech disorders, died Tuesday of complications from COVID-19. She was 100. Glenn died at a nursing home near St. Paul, Minnesota, where she’d moved in recent years to be near her daughter, said Hank Wilson, a spokesman for the Glenn College of Public Affairs at The Ohio State University. NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine also announced Glenn’s death, the latest among centenarians succumbing rapidly to the new coronavirus. John Glenn died in 2016 follo...
Source: TIME: Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 News Desk remembrance wire Source Type: news
Abstract The generalisation of linguistic constructions is performed through analogical reasoning. Children with developmental language disorders (DLD) are impaired in analogical reasoning and in generalisation. However, these processes are improved by an input involving variability and similarity. Here we investigated the performance of children with or without DLD in a construction generalisation task. We also compared their performance following training with an input involving progressive alignment (combining similarity and variability) or high variability. Progressive alignment improves construction generalis...
Source: Journal of Child Language - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: J Child Lang Source Type: research
uren P, Øien RA Abstract Early identification of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is regarded as crucial for swift access to early intervention and, subsequently, better outcomes later in life. However, current instruments miss large proportions of children who later go on to be diagnosed with ASD, raising a question of what these instruments measure. The present study utilized data from the Norwegian Mother, Father, and Child Cohort Study and the Autism Birth Cohort study to explore the subsequent developmental and diagnostic characteristics of children raising developmental concern on the six-critical discr...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Outcomes were excellent compared with those reported in other treatment settings. Rates of smoking cessation were also notable. The treatment of comorbid psychiatric conditions, the setting to develop a strong physician-patient relationship, patients choosing whether to taper off of buprenorphine, and the slow rate of taper all likely contributed to successful outcomes. Further investigation is needed regarding possible increased rates of developmental disorders in children of mothers treated with buprenorphine. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Private psychiatric practice is a highly successful domain for the tre...
Source: American Journal on Addictions - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research
Conclusions Language affects our understanding of play skills in some young children. Parents, researchers, and clinicians must be careful not to underestimate or overestimate play based on language presentation. Differential skills in language have the potential to unduly influence our perceptions of play for children with developmental disabilities. PMID: 32402229 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch Source Type: research
Conclusions Both sentence repetition and nonword repetition are valuable tools for identifying DLD in monolingual speakers of Vietnamese. Scoring systems that consider number of errors and are relatively simple (i.e., error scoring of sentence repetition and syllables scoring of nonword repetition) may be the most efficient and effective for identifying DLD. Further work to develop and refine these tasks can contribute to cross-linguistic knowledge of DLD as well as to clinical practice. PMID: 32402221 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Tags: J Speech Lang Hear Res Source Type: research
Abstract In this meta-analysis, we examined whether children classified with specific language impairment (SLI) experience difficulties with writing. We included studies comparing children with SLI to (a) typically developing peers matched on age (k = 39 studies) and (b) typically developing younger peers with similar language capabilities (k = six studies). Children classified with SLI scored lower on writing measures than their typically developing peers matched on age (g = -0.97) when all writing scores in a study were included in the analysis. This same pattern occurred for specific measures of writing: qualit...
Source: Journal of Learning Disabilities - Category: Disability Authors: Tags: J Learn Disabil Source Type: research
ConclusionsAbnormal DAT scan is observed early in the disease course in approximately 30% of PAOS patients, with striatal abnormalities similar to those in PSP and CBS.
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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