Correlations among pain, depressive symptoms, constipation, and serotonin levels in smokers and non smokers

This study was a secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial.FindingsSmokers had more pain, depressive symptoms, and constipation than non smokers. Smokers had similar serotonin levels compared with non smokers. Positive correlations were observed between constipation and serum serotonin levels (r = .19,P = .039, n = 116), between constipation and depressive symptoms (r  =  .18,P = .023, n = 164), and between constipation and pain (r = .23,P = .004, n = 164) in smokers.Practical ImplicationsHealth professionals should assess and treat patients with the knowledge that the severity of pain, depression, and constipation may be greater in smokers than in non smokers.
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

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(Natural News) Patients with depression often experience gastrointestinal distress, a group of digestive disorders marked by lingering symptoms, such as constipation, bloating, diarrhea, abdominal pain and cramping. According to a study published in the journal Gastroenterology, the two disorders are connected by a common cause: low levels of serotonin, also known the “happy chemical.” Depression and gastrointestinal distress go hand...
Source: NaturalNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
The diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD) relies on the clinical effects of dopamine deficiency, including bradykinesia, rigidity and tremor, usually manifesting asymmetrically. Misdiagnosis is common, due to overlap of symptoms with other neurodegenerative disorders such as multiple system atrophy and progressive supranuclear palsy, and only autopsy can definitively confirm the disease. Motor deficits generally appear when 50–60% of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra are already lost, limiting the effectiveness of potential neuroprotective therapies. Today, we consider PD to be not just a movement disorder...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Purpose of review Opioids are potent drugs for the treatment of severe pain, but they are burdened by detrimental side-effects, such as respiratory depression, addiction, sedation and constipation. Their clinical application is undisputed in acute (e.g. perioperative) and cancer pain, but their use in chronic nonmalignant pain has met increasing scrutiny and has contributed to the opioid crisis. Thus, novel analgesics with reduced side-effects are badly needed. Recent findings Current research topics include enkephalinase inhibitors, allosteric and multivalent ligands, biased opioid receptor signaling and selective ac...
Source: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care - Category: Palliative Care Tags: PAIN: NON-MALIGNANT DISEASES: Edited by Anthony H. Dickenson and Kirsty Bannister Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis case suggests the feasibility of virtual reality analgesic therapy for pain management of fasciotomy wound complications in acute compartment syndromes. Virtual reality represents a treatment option that would reduce analgesic consumption and eliminate opioid-induced respiratory depression to treat fasciotomy wound infection.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Kim KH, Seo HJ, Abdi S, Huh B Abstract From the perspective of the definition of pain, pain can be divided into emotional and sensory components, which originate from potential and actual tissue damage, respectively. The pharmacologic treatment of the emotional pain component includes antianxiety drugs, antidepressants, and antipsychotics. The anti-anxiety drugs have anti-anxious, sedative, and somnolent effects. The antipsychotics are effective in patients with positive symptoms of psychosis. On the other hand, the sensory pain component can be divided into nociceptive and neuropathic pain. Non-steroidal ...
Source: Korean Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Pain Source Type: research
ConclusionLET is a rare cutaneous lupus-specific lesion that may be associated with SLE. AITD, hypothyroidism in particular, could be an initial presentation of SLE. Increased awareness and early diagnosis of such clinical presentations may improve patient outcomes.
Source: The Egyptian Rheumatologist - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Abstract Parkinson's disease (PD) is an age-related neurodegenerative disorder characterized by motor symptoms such as tremor, slowness of movement, rigidity, and postural instability, as well as non-motor features like sleep disturbances, loss of ability to smell, depression, constipation, and pain. Motor symptoms are caused by depletion of dopamine in the striatum due to the progressive loss of dopamine neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta. Approximately 10% of PD cases are familial arising from genetic mutations in α-synuclein, LRRK2, DJ-1, PINK1, parkin, and several other proteins. The majority ...
Source: Current Protocols in Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Curr Protoc Neurosci Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Accurate prognostic awareness may pose harm and may provide no additional benefits in terms of QoL and mood among patients with advanced cancer for a short period of time. PMID: 32052654 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care - Category: Palliative Care Authors: Tags: Am J Hosp Palliat Care Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 1 February 2020Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - MoxibustionAuthor(s): Na SONG, Ling-zhan MENG, Jun CHENG, Ying LI, Xin ZHOU, Jing WANG, Hong-jian XU, Xuan GAO, Zong-lang LAIABSTRACTObjectivesTo observe the clinical effect on opioid-induced constipation of liver stagnation and spleen deficiency treated with the ultrasonic penetration of the No.1 constipation herbal formula at Tiānshū (天枢ST25).MethodsA total of 126 patients that were in compliance with the inclusion criteria were randomized into an acupoint group (41 cases), a Chinese medication group (42 cases) and a western me...
Source: World Journal of Acupuncture Moxibustion - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Buprenorphine is widely used as a treatment for patients with opioid use disorders, but has also been shown to be an effective treatment for cancer and neuropathic pain, with unique pharmacologic properties that give it several advantages over traditional opioids. Buprenorphine is associated with less analgesic tolerance, and is less likely to cause respiratory depression and constipation than other opioids. Buprenorphine also does not cause immunosuppression, sphincter of Oddi dysfunction, or hypogonadism like traditional opioids.
Source: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management - Category: Palliative Care Authors: Source Type: research
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