Recurrent Acute Otitis Media After Completion of AntibioticRecurrent Acute Otitis Media After Completion of Antibiotic

Is recurrent acute otitis media occurring within 30 days of amoxicillin/clavulanate treatment caused by bacterial relapse or new pathogens? The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pediatrics Journal Article Source Type: news

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CONCLUSION: BPPV is the most frequent diagnosis seen in the ED; however, physicians need to document nystagmus more precisely and perform diagnostic tests systematically, in order to make an accurate diagnosis. To avoid misdiagnoses, ED physicians and ENT specialists should be able to recognize central signs in patients with an acute vestibular syndrome. Every fourth patient does not receive a definitive diagnosis. Diagnostic ED workup for patients with dizziness needs further improvement. PMID: 32221628 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: HNO - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research
by Kueiyu Joshua Lin, Evan Dvorin, Aaron S. Kesselheim BackgroundEvidence and guidelines do not support use of systemic steroids for acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs), but such practice appears common. We aim to quantify such use and determine its predictors. Methods and findingsWe conducted a cohort study based on a large United States national commercial claims database, the IBM MarketScan, to identify patients aged 18 –64 years with an ARTI diagnosis (acute bronchitis, sinusitis, pharyngitis, otitis media, allergic rhinitis, influenza, pneumonia, and unspecified upper respiratory infections) recorded in a...
Source: PLoS Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
This study discusses the rare possible etiologies of USNHL that can be easily missed if these are not ruled out properly. We present these cases to consider these heterogeneous and distinct ca uses of USNHL because of rarity of these etiologies. If such an etiology is diagnosed in time, they may be managed effectively.
Source: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
AbstractStudying infectious diseases in ancient times is of significant importance to our understanding of past populations' ways of life. Otitis media (OM) is beneficial for this purpose, since it is frequent and influenced by environmental conditions. The aims of the current study were to create a reliable criterion for identifying OM in skeletal material, and to follow trends regarding the prevalence of OM throughout the terminal Pleistocene ‐Holocene Levant.Complete petrous bones of 229 individuals from six populations of the terminal Pleistocene ‐Holocene Levant (14,900 cal BP–1,917 AD) were included in the ...
Source: International Journal of Osteoarchaeology - Category: Science Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
It is an exciting time in human spaceflight, with the advent of commercial spaceflight and the new Artemis Program to return astronauts to the moon. Although it has been 50 years since the Apollo 11 moon landing and 20 years since humans began continuously residing on the International Space Station (ISS), researchers continue to make novel discoveries regarding the human body in space. In this issue of JAMA Otolaryngology –Head&Neck Surgery, Inglesby et al report on magnetic resonance imaging opacification of the paranasal sinus and mastoid air cells after Space Shuttle and ISS missions. As with many spaceflight...
Source: JAMA Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Nasopharyngeal colonization with nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is a prerequisite for developing NTHi-associated infections, including otitis media. Therapies that block NTHi colonization may prevent disease development. We previously demonstrated that Haemophilus haemolyticus, a closely related human commensal, can inhibit NTHi colonization and infection of human respiratory epithelium in vitro. We have now assessed whether Muribacter muris (a rodent commensal from the same family) can prevent NTHi colonization and disease in vivo using a murine NTHi otitis media model. Otitis media was modeled in BALB/c mice u...
Source: Infection and Immunity - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Bacterial Infections Source Type: research
Abstract Chronic otitis media is a major contributor to acquired hearing loss in developing countries. Developing countries such as India, with huge populations and poor health infrastructures, have always felt the shortage of trained specialists who can provide quality care to meet the enormous demand for treatment of this disease. This pilot study assessed the feasibility of empowering trained health workers equipped with ENTraview, a store-and-forward telemedicine device that integrates a camera- enabled smart phone with an otoscope. This device allows the screening of otology patients within the community. Thr...
Source: Ear, Nose and Throat Journal - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Ear Nose Throat J Source Type: research
Conclusions: We identified substantial heterogeneity and multiplicity of outcome selection and measurement in published studies. These data will inform the consensus building stage of a core outcome set to inform delirium research in the critically ill.
Source: Critical Care Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Online Review Articles Source Type: research
Acute otitis media (AOM) is extremely common, drives antibiotic use, emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria and is costly. Temporary hearing loss is the most common complication; rarely there are intracranial complications.1 The World Health Organization estimates that 51,000 deaths/year are attributable to AOM in children younger than 5 years old and that chronic otitis media (occurring in 65-330 million people) is the major cause of hearing loss in developing countries.2,3 Each episode of AOM is typically followed by 4-12 weeks of otitis media with effusion (OME) during which time the child has diminished hearing and...
Source: Journal of Infection - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 March 2020Source: Brazilian Journal of OtorhinolaryngologyAuthor(s): Erdem Atalay Cetinkaya, Osman Ciftci, Saadet Alan, Mustafa Namık Oztanır, Nese Basak
Source: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
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