IPV victimization in pregnancy increases postpartum STI incidence among adolescent mothers in Durban, South Africa

Source: AIDS Care - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research

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This study used nationally representative data from demographic and health surveys (DHS) in Namibia, Kenya and Sierra Leone. A direct sisterhood method was used to estimate pregnancy-related deaths based on 7 years of recollection. Findings of the study reveal that death during the antenatal period was the commonest time of death in mothers aged 15-19, while death during delivery and two months after delivery were the leading causes of death for mothers aged 20-24. Pregnancy-related deaths were more prevalent among women with no schooling or primary education than their counterparts with secondary and higher education.Impa...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Source Type: research
Authors: Kodan P, Gupta N, Ratna S, Ramprasad A, Ranjan S, Nischal N, Soneja M, Wig N Abstract Perinatal transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection is an important mode of transmission in developing countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiology of perinatal transmission of HIV infection in pregnant women living with HIV/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). A cross-sectional study was conducted in which HIV positive females who were pregnant at any time between April 2015 and July 2017 were interviewed and their case records analyzed. The collected data were entered and a...
Source: Infezioni in Medicina - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infez Med Source Type: research
A new diffusion MRI scoring scale could improve diagnosis of the prion malady...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Breast MRI's better cancer detection outweighs false-positive 'harm' Double-contrast technique could boost MRI for cancer Gadolinium levels increase sharply in Tokyo rivers MRI aids discovery of new pregnancy contraction Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease on MRI often missed by radiologists
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
Researchers using MRI to study blood flow through the placenta discovered a...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Can ultrasound, 3D printing deepen maternal-fetal bonds? Third-trimester ultrasound finds undetected fetal abnormalities Gadolinium MRI scans most common early in pregnancy More pregnant women are undergoing imaging In utero MRI on par with ultrasound for fetal brain evaluation
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
Conditions:   HIV/AIDS;   Pregnancy Related;   Congenital Disorders;   Newborn Morbidity Intervention:   Other: Pharmacovigilance surveillance program Sponsor:   Indiana University Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
The pressing need to expand the biomedical HIV prevention evidence base during pregnancy is now increasingly recognized. Women ’s views regarding participation in such trials and initiating PrEP while pregnant ...
Source: AIDS Research and Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The majority of participants conveyed strong interest in participating in biomedical HIV prevention research during pregnancy, largely motivated by a desire to protect themselves and their offspring. Our results are consistent with other studies that found high acceptance of HIV prevention products during pregnancy, and support the current direction of HIV research policies and practices that are increasingly aimed at protecting the health of pregnant women and their offspring through responsible research, rather than defaulting to their exclusion. PMID: 32460804 [PubMed - in process]
Source: AIDS Research and Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: AIDS Res Ther Source Type: research
This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence of anti-Toxoplasma gondii among pregnant women, HIV/AIDs and children in West Africa, Cameroon and Gabon. The epidemiology of the disease published between 1984 and 2019 using PubMed, Web of Science, Ovid MEDLINE, AJOL and Google Scholar databases were identified. Studies that met the inclusion criteria of Toxoplasma gondii infections under the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) checklist were analysed. A total of 58 eligible studies were selected for meta-analysis. These studies considered 18,674 hosts and an overall pooled seropreva...
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research
In conclusion, our findings show the importance of mNGS use to help characterize the outbreak more completely and in the management of the affected patients. PMID: 32422120 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Braz J Infect Dis - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Braz J Infect Dis Source Type: research
Survival and HIV-Free Survival Among Children Aged ≤3 Years - Eight Sub-Saharan African Countries, 2015-2017. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2020 May 15;69(19):582-586 Authors: Jonnalagadda S, Yuengling K, Abrams E, Stupp P, Voetsch A, Patel M, Minisi Z, Eliya M, Hamunime N, Rwebembera A, Kirungi W, Mulenga L, Mushavi A, Ryan C, Ts'oeu M, Kim E, Dziuban EJ, Hageman K, Galbraith J, Mweebo K, Mwila A, Gonese E, Patel H, Modi S, Saito S Abstract Although mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is preventable through antiretroviral treatment (ART) during pregnancy and post...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research
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