Ischemic stroke risk during post-discharge phases of heart failure: association of left ventricular concentric geometry

AbstractDespite a higher risk of ischemic stroke in hospitalized patients with acute heart failure (HF), little is known about the risk of ischemic stroke during the post-discharge phases of HF. Here we investigated (1) the ischemic stroke incidence rate during the post-discharge phases among HF patients receiving standard treatments; (2) the association between ischemic stroke incidence and clinical background, including cardiac structure and function. Among 950 patients who required hospitalization for HF (median duration: 19 days) at our institution, where they received standard treatments, we investigated stroke occurrences during the 2-year period following their discharge and retrospectively evaluated their clinical data. Relative wall thickness (RWT) and left ventricular (LV) mass were determined based on echocardiographic measurements and then used to determine LV geometric patterns. During the follow-up period, ischemic stroke occurred in 25 patients (2.6%) after hospital discharge (1.4 per 100 patient-years). The incidence rate of IS tended to be higher in patients with AF than those without AF (1.8 vs. 1.0 per 100 patient-years, respectively). Notably, multivariate analysis revealed a significant association between RWT and ischemic stroke risk (p 
Source: Heart and Vessels - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

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Authors: Kuronuma K, Okumura Y, Morikawa T, Yokoyama K, Matsumoto N, Tachibana E, Oiwa K, Matsumoto M, Kojima T, Haruta H, Nomoto K, Sonoda K, Arima K, Kogawa R, Takahashi F, Kotani T, Ohkubo K, Fukushima S, Itou S, Kondo K, Chiku M, Ohno Y, Onikura M, Hirayama A, SAKURA AF Registry Investigators Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF) often coexist. The aims of this study were to explore the factors associated with the serum levels of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), and the association between prognosis and a history of HF or the serum NT-proBNP level in Japanese patients wit...
Source: International Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Heart J Source Type: research
AbstractAimsRight ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) is a common finding in Anderson –Fabry disease (AFD), but the prognostic role of right ventricular (RV) involvement has never been assessed. The aim of our study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of RVH and RV systolic function in AFD.Methods and resultsForty ‐five AFD patients (56% male patients) with extensive baseline evaluation, including assessment of RVH and RV systolic function, were followed‐up for an average of 51.2 ± 11.4 months. RV systolic function was assessed by standard and tissue Doppler echocardiography. Cardiovascula...
Source: ESC Heart Failure - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
Conclusions: In hypertensive patients with hyperuricemia, anti-hyperuricemia treatment was associated with lower odds of prevalent CVD. PMID: 32399101 [PubMed]
Source: Archives of Medical Science - Category: General Medicine Tags: Arch Med Sci Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe HRQoL of T2DM inpatients with a complication was considerably impaired. Our estimates provide supplementary data for public health and cost-effectiveness modeling, and increase the breadth of knowledge of HRQoL in T2DM.
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
Purpose of review Although the indications for β-blockers in the management of patients with congestive heart failure and myocardial infarction are well established, the use of β-blockers in the perioperative setting remains controversial. Recent findings Since 2008 PeriOperative ISchemic Evaluation Trial, there have been numerous studies suggesting that perioperative β-blockers are associated with adverse events such as hypotension, bradycardia, increased mortality, and stroke. Summary In this article, we review the most recent evidence to suggest an approach to perioperative β-blocker use tail...
Source: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: ANESTHESIA AND MEDICAL DISEASE: Edited by Adriana Oprea Source Type: research
Int J Angiol DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1708477Atrial fibrillation (AF), the most prevalent arrhythmic disease, tends to foster thrombus formation due to hemodynamic disturbances, leading to severe disabling and even fatal thromboembolic diseases. Meanwhile, patients with AF may also present with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and coronary artery disease (CAD) requiring stenting, which creates a clinical dilemma considering that majority of such patients will likely receive oral anticoagulants (OACs) for stroke prevention and require additional double antiplatelet treatment (DAPT) to reduce recurrent cardiac events and in-stent th...
Source: International Journal of Angiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Invited Papers Source Type: research
Conclusion: Treating T2DM patients using dapagliflozin instead of conventional medications, maximizes patient's benefits and decreases total costs due to drug cost offsets from fewer cardiovascular and renal events. The adoption of dapagliflozin is a budget-saving treatment option, resulting in substantial population-level health gains due to reduced event rate and cost savings from the perspective of the national healthcare system. PMID: 32364032 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Medical Economics - Category: Health Management Tags: J Med Econ Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to explore the effects of serum iron level without anemia on long-term prognosis of patients with CHD complicated with CHF. In this retrospective cohort study, 221 patients with CHD complicated with CHF were consecutively investigated. These patients were divided into three groups according to the tertiles of the serum iron level: low-iron group (n = 71), medium-iron group (n = 76) and high-iron group (n = 74). The overall serum iron without anemia was 13.0 ± 5.50 μmol/L and serum iron in each group was 7.58 ±&th...
Source: Heart and Vessels - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, longitudinal change in sST2 but not BNP was associated with incident MACE in asymptomatic, initially event-free patients in the community. Further work is required to evaluate the clinical utility of change in sST2 in risk prediction and event monitoring in this setting. PMID: 32347644 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: J Cell Mol Med - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: J Cell Mol Med Source Type: research
Authors: Peix A, García B Abstract Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide, and a health problem in low- and middle-income as well as high-income countries. They also constitute the main cause of death in Latin America, with ischemic heart disease as the principal cause in most countries of the region. In Cuba, heart disease is the first cause of death, followed by cancer and stroke. In its 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the UN recognizes the importance of chronic non-communicable diseases, including cardiovascular diseases. Cuba has participated actively as lead partner in...
Source: MEDICC Review - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: MEDICC Rev Source Type: research
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