Cardiovascular disease in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome and overlap syndrome.
Cardiovascular disease in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome and overlap syndrome. Curr Vasc Pharmacol. 2020 Mar 17;: Authors: Voulgaris A, Archontogeorgis K, Steiropoulos P, Papanas N Abstract Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) are among the most prevalent chronic respiratory disorders. Accumulating data suggest that there is a significant burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with COPD and OSAS, affecting negatively patients' quality of life and survival. Overlap syndrome (OS), i.e. the co-existence of both COPD and OSAS in the same patient, has an additional impact on cardiovascular system multiplying the risk of morbidity and mortality. The underlying mechanisms for the development of CVD in patients with either OSAS or COPD and OS are not entirely elucidated. Several mechanisms, in addition to smoking and obesity, may be implicated, including systemic inflammation, increased sympathetic activity, oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction. Early diagnosis and proper management of these patients might reduce the cardiovascular risk and lead to improved survival. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge regarding epidemiological aspects, pathophysiological mechanisms and present point- to- point specific associations between COPD, OSAS, OS and components of CVD, namely, pulmonary hypertension, coronary artery disease, per...
Authors: Dehghani MR, Shariati A, Haghjou A, Izadi S, Sattartabar B, Rezaei Y Abstract BACKGROUND: Several factors and risk stratification tools have been studied to determine the prognosis of acute coronary syndrome. Fragmented QRS (fQRS) is a marker of myocardial scar and its prognostic role has recently been demonstrated. The present study aimed to investigate the association between the presence of fQRS in electrocardiogram and the prognosis of ST-segment elevation and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI and NSTEMI). METHODS: A total of 661 patients with myocardial infarction (MI...
Publication date: Available online 27 May 2020Source: Mechanisms of Ageing and DevelopmentAuthor(s): Maurizio Forte, Rosita Stanzione, Maria Cotugno, Franca Bianchi, Simona Marchitti, Speranza Rubattu
Publication date: Available online 27 May 2020Source: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and GastroenterologyAuthor(s): Jean-Michel Gonzalez, Laura Beyer, Emmanuelle Garnier, Stéphane Berdah, Marc Barthet
Publication date: Available online 27 May 2020Source: American Journal of OtolaryngologyAuthor(s): Noor-E-Seher Ali, Jennifer C. Alyono, Anisha R. Kumar, Hanrong Cheng, Peter J. Koltai
Conclusions: This is the largest outcomes analysis of face-lift surgery in a patient population solely representative of board-certified plastic surgeons. Rhytidectomy is a very safe procedure when performed by board-certified plastic surgeons. Nevertheless, risk factors for complications are identified, several of which can be affected by surgeon choice of surgical venue, additive procedures, duration of operation, and type of anesthetic. The study provides a standard reference for professionals when counseling patients and in guiding clinical practices. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Risk, III.
Publication date: Available online 28 May 2020Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - MoxibustionAuthor(s): Jiang PAN, Yang CAO, Chuang FANG, Yan ZHANG, Jin-zhong TANG, Wei ZHANG, Cheng-xi WANG
Publication date: Available online 28 May 2020Source: Journal of Integrative MedicineAuthor(s): Jian-sheng Li, Xue-fang Liu, Hao-ran Dong, Wan-chun Zheng, Su-xiang Feng, Yan-ge Tian, Peng Zhao, Jin-di Ma, Zhou-xin Ren, Yang Xie
Conclusion: In Mexico, only 5 out of 10 patients with STEMI have access to reperfusion therapy. Pharmacoinvasive strategy is takes advantage of the accessibility of fibrinolysis and the effectiveness of PCI. The present research protocol aims to provide information that serves as a link between information derived from controlled clinical trials and records derived from real world experience. PMID: 32459215 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
alván-Ramírez M Abstract Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy is characterized by the presence of structural and functional cardiac alterations in patients suffering from hepatic cirrhosis, without previously known cardiac causes that may explain it. Clinically, it is characterized by the presence of variable grades of diastolic and systolic dysfunction, alterations in the electric conductance (elongation of corrected QT interval) and inadequate chronotropic response. This pathology has been related to substandard response in the management of patients with portal hypertension and poor outcome after transplant. ...
Purpose of review This review summarises the most recent evidence regarding the effects of diet in preventing and reducing age-related cognitive decline and neurodegenerative diseases. Recent findings Recent evidence indicates that nutraceuticals and whole diet approaches may protect against the development of age-related cognitive decline and pathological neurodegeneration. The neuroprotective effects are diverse depending on the nutrient employed and may involve a reduction of neuroinflammation, an activation of the endogenous antioxidant defence system and a modulation of the gut microbiota structure and function. ...
More News: Cardiology | Cardiovascular | Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary | Drugs & Pharmacology | Eating Disorders & Weight Management | Epidemiology | Heart | Hypertension | Obesity | Obstructive Sleep Apnea | Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) | Pulmonary Hypertension | Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy | Respiratory Medicine | Sleep Disorders | Sleep Medicine | Smokers | Stroke