Expression of human HSP27 in yeast extends replicative lifespan and uncovers a hormetic response.

Expression of human HSP27 in yeast extends replicative lifespan and uncovers a hormetic response. Biogerontology. 2020 Mar 18;: Authors: Camandona VL, Rios-Anjos RM, Alegria TGP, Pereira F, Bicev RN, da Cunha FM, Digiampietri LA, de Barros MH, Netto LES, Ferreira-Junior JR Abstract Human HSP27 is a small heat shock protein that modulates the ability of cells to respond to heat shock and oxidative stress, and also functions as a chaperone independent of ATP, participating in the proteasomal degradation of proteins. The expression of HSP27 is associated with survival in mammalian cells. In cancer cells, it confers resistance to chemotherapy; in neurons, HSP27 has a positive effect on neuronal viability in models of Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. To better understand the mechanism by which HSP27 expression contributes to cell survival, we expressed human HSP27 in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae under control of different mutant TEF promoters, that conferred nine levels of graded basal expression, and showed that replicative lifespan and proteasomal activity increase as well as the resistance to oxidative and thermal stresses. The profile of these phenotypes display a dose-response effect characteristic of hormesis, an adaptive phenomenon that is observed when cells are exposed to increasing amounts of stress or toxic substances. The hormetic response correlates with changes in expression levels of HSP27 and also with its oligomeric states ...
Source: Biogerontology - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Biogerontology Source Type: research

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