IL-6 produced by prostate epithelial cells stimulated with Trichomonas vaginalis promotes proliferation of prostate cancer cells by inducing M2 polarization of THP-1-derived macrophages
by Ik-Hwan Han, Hyun-Ouk Song, Jae-Sook RyuTrichomonas vaginalis (Tv), a protozoan parasite causing sexually-transmitted disease, has been detected in tissue of prostatitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer (PCa). IL-6, a mediator of chronic inflammation, induces the progression of prostate cancer, and influences the polarization of M2 macrophages, which are the main tumor-associated macrophages. We investigated whether IL-6 produced by human prostate epithelial cells stimulated withTv induces the M2 polarization of THP-1-derived macrophages, which in turn promotes the progression of PCa. Conditioned medium was prepared fromTv-infected (TCM) and uninfected (CM) prostate epithelial cells (RWPE-1). Thereafter conditioned medium was prepared from macrophages after incubation with CM (M-CM) or TCM (M-TCM). RWPE-1 cells infected withTv produced IL-6 and chemokines such as CCL2 and CXCL8. When human macrophages were treated with conditioned medium of RWPE-1 cells co-cultured withTv (TCM), they became polarized to M2-like macrophages as indicated by the production of IL-10 and TGF- β, and the expression of CD36 and arginase-1, which are M2 macrophage markers. Moreover, proliferation of the M2-like macrophages was also increased by TCM. Blockade of IL-6 signaling with IL-6 receptor antibody and JAK inhibitor (Ruxolitinib) inhibited M2 polarization of THP-1-derived macrophages and proliferation of the macrophages. To assess the effect of crosstalk between ma...
Publication date: 6 June 2020Source: New Scientist, Volume 246, Issue 3285Author(s): Michael Marshall
CONCLUSION: Structural prevention measures in addition to behavioral measures enable a reduction of the cancer risk caused by UV radiation. The aim must be to establish these measures nationwide for the entire population. PMID: 32494842 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This study sought to determine the incidence rates of all gynecologic, including peritoneal, malignancies in the U.S. Active Duty population compared to the general US population as reported in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program database. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gynecologic cancers diagnosed in U.S. Active Duty women aged 20-59 between 2004 and 2013 were retrospectively ascertained. Cancer cases were identified in both the Automated Central Tumor Registry and the Military Health System Data Repository. All cases in Automated Central Tumor Registry plus cases recorded in Military Health System Data R...
Publication date: Available online 5 June 2020Source: Gynecologic Oncology ReportsAuthor(s): Maryam Kasraeian, Kamran Hessami, Homeira Vafaei, Nasrin Asadi, Leila Foroughinia, Shohreh Roozmeh, Khadije Bazrfashan
Publication date: Available online 4 June 2020Source: Gynecologic Oncology ReportsAuthor(s): María Jesús Rubio, María José Lecumberri, Silvia Varela, Jesús Alarcón, María Eugenia Ortega, Lydia Gaba, Jaime Espinós, Julia Calzas, Pilar Barretina, Isabel Ruiz, Gloria Marquina, Ana Santaballa
CONCLUSIONS: Our data provide new insights into the biology driving metastasis in PTCs and highlight how lncRNAs cooperate with coding transcripts to sustain these processes. PMID: 32495722 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSIONS: Fusion genes were the most common genetic cause of pediatric PTCs. Fusion gene positive PTCs showed more aggressive behavior than fusion gene negative PTCs. Several novel rearrangements were identified. Fusion genes seem to be a molecular marker number one in pediatric PTC patients. PMID: 32495721 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
LUNG CANCER symptoms include difficulty breathing, headaches, and persistent chest pain. But you could also be at risk of an advanced tumour if you develop a subtle sign on your eyes. Could you be at risk of lung cancer?
Publication date: Available online 4 June 2020Source: Annals of Medicine and SurgeryAuthor(s): Yasser El Ghamrini, Tamer M.S. Salama, Mohamed I. Hassan, Haytham Mohamed Nasser
Publication date: Available online 5 June 2020Source: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and GastroenterologyAuthor(s): Zheng Li, Dongqiang Xu, Xudong Tong, Changxing Shan