50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics

Chernick V, Reed MH. Pneumothorax and Chylothorax in the Neonatal Period. J Pediatr 1970;76:624-2
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

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We report a rare but serious complication of needle thoracostomy, penetration of the myocardium. Needle thoracostomy is typically performed in the prehospital setting or upon arrival in the emergency department for suspected tension pneumothorax. Needle decompression is generally taught and done anteriorly, in the 2nd intercostal space on the midclavicular line (MCL). An alternative approach is laterally, along the anterior axillary line (AAL) in the 4th intercostal space. Our case supports prior literature that the anterior MCL location has a low rate of efficacy to decompress the chest, as well as a high rate of complica...
Source: Prehospital Emergency Care - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Prehosp Emerg Care Source Type: research
This study aimed to review early bCPAP pressures and bCPAP failure with the RAM cannula interface over a 6-year period. Study Design Retrospective, single-center study of infants delivered
Source: American Journal of Perinatology - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
A woman from the Southeastern US with a history of smoking, poorly controlled diabetes, and inhalational medical marijuana use had 4 months of productive cough, weight loss, subjective fevers, 3 days of worsening chest pain, and a large right upper lobe cavitary mass on chest CT unresponsive to antibiotics. AFB smear and GeneXpert MTB/RIF testing were negative; she developed a right-sided tension pneumothorax after intubation for hypoxemia, and chest tube placement yielded charcoal-colored pleural fluid. What is the diagnosis and what would you do next?
Source: JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
We present a young girl who had severe acute respiratory distress syndrome following exposure to chlorine gas during the disinfection process at a swimming pool. She failed conventional management and underwent venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Despite multiple infections and a pneumothorax, she eventually recovered. Chlorine gas was the first agent of chemical warfare which caused a massive death toll during the First World War. Even today, the chemical is produced in large quantities and the threat of a large-scale leak is ever-present from industrial accidents or terrorist attacks. The criteria to assess a...
Source: Perfusion - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Perfusion Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundOxidized regenerated cellulose (ORC) sheet, in surgery of primary spontaneous pneumothorax, is used to reinforce the visceral pleura around the staple line coverage aiming to prevent a postoperative recurrence. We evaluated the effect of ORC on recurrence within 2  years after surgery.MethodsA total of 201 patients aged  
Source: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Surgical outcomes for repair of OA/TOF are not adversely affected by trainee operating. Trainees with appropriate skills should perform supervised OA/TOF repair. These data are important for understanding the interrelationship between provision of training and surgical outcomes. PMID: 32436786 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann R Coll Surg Engl Source Type: research
Conditions:   Endotracheal Tube Tip Position;   Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia;   Pneumothorax;   Death;   Duration, Ventilator Interventions:   Other: Gestational Age Chart Method;   Other: Nasal-Tragus Length Method Sponsors:   Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University;   King Fahad Medical City;   King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Center;   National Guard Health Affairs Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ConclusionsThe clinical outcomes of 10 patients who underwent TES for spinal metastatic LMS were favorable without severe complications. Postoperative disability was significantly associated with short-term survival after TES.
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Authors: Ilyas M, Afzal S, Ahmad J, Alghamdi S, Khurram M Abstract Measles infection is of substantial interest to immunologists due to its paradoxical interaction with the immune system. After the acquisition of the measles infection, secondary infection plays a pivotal role in measles-related deaths. A cross-sectional study conducted between December 2018 and July 2019 is presented here. A total of one hundred children of both genders presented with measles complications were included following WHO criteria. Measles confirmation was done by quantitative determination of anti-measles antibodies (IgM) in patients' ...
Source: Polish Journal of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Tags: Pol J Microbiol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 May 2020Source: Advances in PediatricsAuthor(s): Shaun M. Kunisaki, Charles M. Leys
Source: Advances in Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
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