Predictors of Severe Anaphylaxis In Hymenoptera Venom Allergy: The Importance of Absence of Urticaria/Angioedema

Hymenoptera venom allergy affects approximately 3% of the adult population in Western countries 1,2,3,4 and represents the most common cause of anaphylaxis in Germany, Austria and Switzerland accounting for 50% of reported cases5. The incidence of insect sting related mortality in Europe caused by anaphylaxis is estimated around 200 fatalities per year6, but the incidence of near-fatal episodes might be considerably higher7. Moreover, the documented mortality may be underestimated because of unrecognized insect stings in unexplained causes of death8.
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: In this study, no influence of tear substitutes containing different viscosities of hyaluronic acid on the measurement results of optical coherence tomography could be determined. Therefore, 0.1%, 0.2% and 0.3% hyaluronic acid can be applied to the patient to improve the corneal surface before the examination with optical coherence tomography, without influencing the measurement results of optical coherence tomography. PMID: 33036058 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Klin Monbl Augenheilkd Source Type: research
Conclusions: (1) Data at our center suggests at least a regional implementation gap in GBS screening and IAP. (2) The decline in the resistance rate ofE. coli for all antimicrobial substances might indicate that the reduction of prenatal antibiotics use is beneficial and that neonatal antibiotic stewardship programs should include pregnant women as well.What is Known:• GBS screening and intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis led to a 32%-reduction in GBS disease in Germany with a 0.75 (92:122) ratio of early-onset disease to late-onset disease in 2009–2010.• Prenatal antibiotic use might increase the risk of E....
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Boosting the sensitivity of in vitroβ-lactam allergy diagnostic tests. Chem Commun (Camb). 2020 Oct 14;56(80):11973-11976 Authors: Peña-Mendizabal E, Morais S, Maquieira Á Abstract The synthesis of structurally new haptens and the development of suitable antigens are essential for boosting the sensitivity of drug allergy diagnostic testing. Unprecedented structural antigens for benzylpenicillin and amoxicillin are characterised and evaluated in a cohort of 70 subjects with a turnkey solution based on consumer electronics. PMID: 33033809 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Chemical Communications - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Chem Commun (Camb) Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2020Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, Volume 89Author(s): Xiaoqin Liu, Trine Munk-Olsen, Clara Albiñana, Bjarni J. Vilhjálmsson, Emil M. Pedersen, Vivi Schlünssen, Marie Bækvad-Hansen, Jonas Bybjerg-Grauholm, Merete Nordentoft, Anders D. Børglum, Thomas Werge, David M. Hougaard, Preben B. Mortensen, Esben Agerbo
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Manuel Jorge Rial, Marcela Valverde, Victoria del Pozo, Francisco Javier González-Barcala, Carlos Martínez-Rivera, Xavier Muñoz, José María Olaguibel, Vicente Plaza, Elena Curto, Santiago Quirce, Pilar Barranco, Javier Domínguez-Ortega, Joaquin Mullol, César Picado, Antonio Valero, Irina Bobolea, Ebymar Arismendi, Paula Ribó, Joaquín Sastre
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Prof Mina Hoorfar
Source: Journal of Nanomedicine and Nanotechnology - Category: Nanotechnology Source Type: research
Anaphylaxis is a severe allergic reaction that can potentially lead to death if not promptly treated. Allergic reactions typically begin suddenly after exposure to an allergen, which may be a food, medication, insect sting, or another trigger. Anaphylaxis can occur in anyone at any time; it can sometimes be triggered by allergens that a person has only had mild reactions to in the past — or to which they have never reacted to before. Recognizing anaphylaxis A mild allergic reaction may consist of hives, itching, flushing, swelling of the lips or tongue, or some combination of these. However, throat swelling or tighte...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Allergies Emergency Planning Source Type: blogs
The basis of venom immunotherapy (VIT) can be defined as protection against IgE-mediated immunologic mechanisms such as anaphylaxis.1,2 Most insect stings produce local reactions of swelling, pain, erythema and pruritus, typically peaking by 24-48 hours and resolving within 3-10 days.5 Unfortunately, some patients experience systemic reactions ranging from cutaneous reactions only (characterized by urticaria and/or angioedema, excluding throat, larynx and tongue) to life-threatening systemic anaphylactic reactions (SAR).
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Letters Source Type: research
Discussion Allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) is a disease modifying treatment for allergic disease. Sometimes referred to as desensitization, the premise is to expose the patient to small but regular amounts of a specific antigen thereby building tolerance within the patient to the allergen. AIT is often underused because of safety concerns and lack of appropriately trained health care providers and facilities to safely carry out AIT treatment. There are 4 main AIT treatments options currently: SCIT – subcutaneous immunotherapy Allergen is injected into the subcutaneous skin “Shots are effective in treati...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
For most people with an allergy, a reaction normally means watery eyes, sneezing, a rash, and other mild symptoms. For others, however, being exposed to an allergen can be a life-threatening event. We define something as an allergy when the body's immune system responds to a normally benign substance as though it were harmful. Allergic symptoms often include sneezing, nasal congestion, wheezing, eye redness, skin rashes, and itching. For many allergy sufferers, these are the worst symptoms they will experience and can manage them with avoidance, medications, and education. For other people, however, exposure to allergens c...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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