Egocentric and allocentric spatial memory in typically developed children: Is spatial memory associated with visuospatial skills, behavior, and cortisol?

ConclusionsOur study shows the development of different spatial abilities between 5 and 7  years, as well as the relationship between orientation performance, visuospatial skills, behavior, and cortisol.
Source: Brain and Behavior - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

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Although adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have a higher risk of suicidality and more problems related to school bullying, and quality of life (QoL) is reportedly associated with school bullying, suicide, and ADHD, no study h...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
This study examined both longitudinal and cross-directional associations between the degree of childhood and adolescent emotional and behavioral problem characteristics and a higher level of daily screen time in adolescence using an extensive population study. Questionnaires providing data on a representative cohort sample (the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986 Study, NFBC 1986; n = 6479; 3101 males) were completed at birth, in childhood, and in adolescence. Male gender, and self-reported behavioral issues (such as a higher degree of hyperactivity/distractibility problems at the beginning of formal schooling...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research
Authors: Karaş H, Çetingök H, İlişer R, Çarpar E, Kaşer M Abstract Objective: The first aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of childhood and current attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms in patients with fibromyalgia. The second aim is to assess the role of depression and anxiety on the relationship between childhood and adult ADHD symptoms with disease impact in this population.Methods: Sixty-four patients with fibromyalgia were compared to matched 58 healthy controls. All participants completed the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS), Adult ADHD Self-Report Scal...
Source: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Int J Psychiatry Clin Pract Source Type: research
by Beate Leppert, Louise A. C. Millard, Lucy Riglin, George Davey Smith, Anita Thapar, Kate Tilling, Esther Walton, Evie Stergiakouli Psychiatric disorders are highly heritable and associated with a wide variety of social adversity and physical health problems. Using genetic liability (rather than phenotypic measures of disease) as a proxy for psychiatric disease risk can be a useful alternative for research questions that would traditionally require large cohort studies with long-term follow up. Here we conducted a hypothesis-free phenome-wide association study in about 300,000 participants from the UK Biobank to examine...
Source: PLoS Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Early onset of atopic dermatitis is considered a risk factor for any atopic disease, especially when the skin manifestations are persistent, and there is sensitization to multiple allergens and a family history. Atopic dermatitis is also thought to exert a synergistic effect with inflammation present in other organs and systems, as is the case in other immune-mediated inflammatory diseases. Most studies show a statistical relationship between obesity, various cardiometabolic comorbid conditions, and atopic dermatitis; this relationship is more marked when the disease is more severe or active over a longer...
Source: Actas Dermo-Sifiliograficas - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Actas Dermosifiliogr Source Type: research
Authors: Talarowska M Abstract The genome (genes), epigenome, and environment work together from the earliest stages of human life to produce a phenotype of human health or disease. Epigenetic modifications, including among other things: DNA methylation, modifications of histones and chromatin structure, as well as functions of noncoding RNA, are coresponsible for specific patterns of gene expression. This refers also to mental disorders, including depressive disorders. Early childhood experiences accompanied by severe stressors (considered a risk factor for depression in adult life) are linked with changes in gene...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe main purpose of this review is to understand how attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects geriatrics (elderly population).Recent FindingsADHD is a common neuropsychiatric condition, which is not well studied in geriatrics. Current literature does not have too much information on effects of ADHD in geriatrics. ADHD in elderly population is accompanied by various comorbidities such as anxiety and depression.SummaryThis review will provide an overview of existing literature on prevalence of ADHD in elderly population along with the comorbidities and available treatment options for the same.
Source: Current Developmental Disorders Reports - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: ADHD and SCT symptoms and concerns in college students may be related to poor sleep, which can lead to misdiagnosis for individuals presenting with ADHD-like complaints for the first time in college. Sleep difficulties may be modifiable with empirically supported sleep interventions; thus, in assessment for either of these presentations, a careful sleep history should be taken. PMID: 32380521 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Arch Clin Neuropsychol Source Type: research
This study examined the complex relationships between QoL, school bullying, suicide, and ADHD symptoms. A total of 203 adolescents with ADHD aged between 12 and 18 years were recruited. School bullying and QoL were examined using the Chinese version of the School Bullying Experience Questionnaire and the Taiwanese Quality of Life Questionnaire for Adolescents. Network model analysis was conducted to graphically present their relationships. We identified triangular correlations between school bullying, QoL, and suicidality, indicating possible pathways from school bullying to suicidality, and the originating or mediating ro...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
lotie T Abstract BACKGROUND: Severe malocclusions appear in up to 20 per cent of the population. Many neuropsychiatric diseases are likely to have a neurodevelopmental, partially genetic background with their origins as early as fetal life. However, the possible relationship between neurodevelopmental disorders and severe malocclusions is unclear. The aim of this study was in a population-based setting (270 000 inhabitants) to investigate whether patients with severe malocclusions have more mental and behavioural disorders and growth or speech problems than controls without severe malocclusion. MATERIAL AND M...
Source: European Journal of Orthodontics - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Eur J Orthod Source Type: research
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