Rational design of secondary operation for penetrating head injury: A case report.

We present a case of a 15-year-old boy who was stabbed with a bamboo stick in his left eye. The chopsticks passed through the orbit roof and penetrated the skull base. In subsequent days, the patient sustained CSF leak and intracranial infection after an unsatisfied primary treatment in the local hospital and had to request a secondary operation in our department. Computed tomography including plain scan, three dimension reconstruction and computed tomographic angiography are used to determine the course and extent of head injury. A frontal craniotomy was performed. Three pieces of stick were found residual and removed with the comminuted orbit bone fragments. A pedicled temporalis muscle fascia graft was applied to repair the frontier skull base and a free temporalis muscle flap to seal the frontal sinus defect. Aggressive broad-spectrum antibiotics of vancomycin and meropenem were administrated for persistent fever after operation. CSF external drainage system continued for 12 days, and was removed 10 d after temperature returned to normal. The Glasgow coma scale score was improved to 15 at postoperative Day 7 and the patient was discharged at Day 22 uneventfully. We believe that appropriate preoperative surgical plan and thorough surgical exploration by microsurgery is essential for attaining a favorable outcome, especially in secondary operation. Good postoperative recovery depends on successfully management before and after operation for possible complications as well. ...
Source: Chinese Journal of Traumatology - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Chin J Traumatol Source Type: research

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