Role of Ultrasound in Low Back Pain: A Review
Low back pain is one of most common musculoskeletal disorders around the world. One major problem clinicians face is the lack of objective assessment modalities. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are commonly utilized but are unable to clearly distinguish patients with low back pain from healthy patients with respect to abnormalities. The reason may be the anisotropic nature of muscles, which is altered in function, and the scans provide only structural assessment. In view of this, ultrasound may be helpful in understanding the disease as it is performed in real-time and comprises different modes that measure thickness, blood flow and stiffness.
The objective of this study was to determine the validity and reliability of an IMU in measuring the amplitude of displacement of a clinician's hand movement during oscillatory lumbar mobilization.
This study aimed to evaluate lumbar lordosis during sit-to-stand (STS) and stand-to-sit (SIT) in individuals with and without chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNLBP). The second objective was to investigate sex-related differences in lumbar lordosis.
PMID: 32463632 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
AbstractOsteitis condensans ilii is a noninflammatory condition of an uncertain etiology, characterized by sclerotic bone lesions located mainly in the iliac region of the sacroiliac joints. In many patients, osteitis condensans ilii remains an incidental imaging finding; however, it has been associated with lower back pain and may mimic inflammatory rheumatic conditions such as axial spondyloarthritis. The diagnosis is based on the presence of the characteristic sclerotic lesions on radiographs and the exclusion of other conditions that are associated with back pain. Management is usually conservative with the use of phys...
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe purpose of this narrative review is to inform readers of the particular impact opioids have had on midlife women and to provide perspective on non-opioid treatment options for women with chronic low back pain.Recent FindingsResearch has shown that midlife women experience more chronic low back pain than men and other age groups of women. As a result, opioids have been particularly deleterious in this demographic group. In addition, there are no data to recommend them for long-term use, while there is a breadth of data on the negative consequences of long-term opioid use. Treatment guidelines no...
Authors: Ponna V, Talsma J, Pierce-Talsma S PMID: 32451545 [PubMed - in process]
Condition: Chronic Low-back Pain Intervention: Other: non interventional Sponsor: University Hospital, Angers Not yet recruiting
Conclusion: Insomnia was associated with disability in men, whereas aging and pain severity were associated with disability in women. Catastrophic thinking was not associated with disability in both sexes. PMID: 32454923 [PubMed - in process]
Publication date: September 2020Source: NeuroImage, Volume 218Author(s): Siyi Yu, Wen Li, Wei Shen, Robert R. Edwards, Randy L. Gollub, Georgia Wilson, Joel Park, Ana Ortiz, Jin Cao, Jessica Gerber, Ishtiaq Mawla, Suk-Tak Chan, Jeungchan Lee, Ajay D. Wasan, Vitaly Napadow, Ted J. Kaptchuk, Bruce Rosen, Jian Kong
No abstract available