Differential expression of Tim-3, PD-1, and CCR5 on peripheral T and B lymphocytes in hepatitis C virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma and their impact on treatment outcomes

ConclusionModulation of the expression of immune checkpoints as Tim-3 and PD-1, and of CCR5 on T cells is somehow related to HCC. CD8+ T cells expressing PD-1 were the most relevant to HCC prognosis (OS and treatment response) and could represent a promising target for immune therapy against HCC. Future studies need to focus on exploring PD-1+ B cells and Tim-3+CD4+ cells, which seem to play a significant role in the pathogenesis of HCC.
Source: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 24 May 2020Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional RadiologyAuthor(s): Kasey Halsey, Jing Wu, Chang Su, Ben Hsieh, Thomas Yi, Scott A. Collins, Benjamin Kimia, Paul J. Zhang, Terrance Healey, Zishu Zhang, Harrison X. Bai
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2020Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): Lisa Loi, Ferdinand Zimmermann, Steffen Goerke, Andreas Korzowski, Jan-Eric Meissner, Katerina Deike-Hofmann, Anne Stieber, Peter Bachert, Mark Edward Ladd, Heinz-Peter Schlemmer, Sebastian Bickelhaupt, Sarah Schott, Daniel Paech
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe proposed multiparametric MRI-based SLICs+MTh method performs noninvasive assessment of NACT response in osteosarcoma that may improve cancer treatment monitoring, planning, and overall prognosis.Key Points• The simple linear iterative clustering supervoxels and Otsu multithresholding-based technique (SLICs+MTh) successfully estimates the proportion of necrosis, viable tumor, and edema in osteosarcoma in the course of chemotherapy.• The proposed technique is noninvasive and uses multiparametric MRI to measure necrosis as an indication of anticancer treatment response.• SLICs+MTh-based necrosis w...
Source: European Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our data indicate that the risk of microvascular invasion is highest in tumors localized to segment 8. The size and number of HCC tumors were not associated with an increased risk of microvascular invasion. PMID: 31186641 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Cancer Epidemiology - Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Cancer Epidemiol Source Type: research
Conclusions: While there is a certain overlap between the results of the current study and published transcriptomic profiles of non-transplanted livers with steatosis, we have identified discrete characteristics of the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in liver grafts potentially utilizable for the establishment of predictive signature. Introduction Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disease in industrialized countries, its prevalence being estimated at 19–31.3% (1). It encompasses a range of conditions that are thought to arise from fatty liver (simple steatosis) throu...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionOur work highlights significant age, racial, and comorbid factors in the development of VTE in hospitalized patients with HCC in the US. These findings can help in stratification of HCC patients according to their VTE risk. Patients at higher risk of VTE may benefit from more aggressive pharmacologic prophylaxis, an area for future investigation.
Source: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThere are no specific guideline recommendations regarding acute DVT treatment in long-term surveillance after liver transplantation. Low molecular weight heparin (LMWH), unfractionated heparin (UFH) and vitamin K antagonist (VKA) are the anticoagulants used in specific complications post-transplantation. The safety and the efficacy of direct anticoagulants in liver transplantation recipients need to be assessed in future trials. Given that long-term survival of liver transplantation is much improved, complications associated with transplantation and ageing require appropriate cardiovascular guidelines.
Source: Irish Journal of Medical Science - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract AimsThis multicentre cohort study evaluated the role of ageing on clinical characteristics, treatment allocation and outcome of new hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs), in clinical practice. Material &MethodsFrom September 2008, 541 patients>70 years old (elderly group), and 527 ≤70 years old (non‐elderly group) with newly diagnosed HCC were consecutively enrolled in 30 Italian centres. Differences in clinical characteristics and treatment allocation between groups were described by a multivariable logistic regression model measuring the inverse probability weight to meet the elderly group. Surv...
Source: Liver International - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Serum DKK1 could potentially be used for early diagnosis of HCC and complement measurement of AFP in the diagnosis of HCC. PMID: 27161933 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
ConclusionsAlcoholic aetiology affects survival of HCC patients through its negative effects on secondary prevention and cancer presentation but not through a greater cancer aggressiveness or worse treatment result. In fact, survival adjusted for confounding factors was similar in alcoholic and HCV patients.
Source: Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
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