A method of high-resolution radiotherapy delivery fluences with a pair of fields with orthogonal collimator settings: A study on ten head-and-neck cancer patients

Conclusions: At the time of writing of this study, there were more than 12,000 medical linear accelerators in clinical use, and XMLC can prove itself useful wherever linac is equipped with MLC but cannot delivery latest techniques, such as volumetric modulated arc therapy.
Source: Journal of Medical Physics - Category: Physics Authors: Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 29 May 2020Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North AmericaAuthor(s): Quazi Billur Rahman, Oreste Iocca, Kenneth Kufta, Rabie M. Shanti
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Authors: Li J, Liu X, Nan S, Xu C Abstract Aberrant expression of LINC00520 has been identified in head and neck squamous carcinoma (HNSCC). However, its function in the radiosensitivity of HNSCC remain unclear. Herein, we aimed to define the role LINC00520 in the radiosensitivity of HNSCC and identify the underlying mechanism. Tumour tissues and adjacent normal tissue were collected from HNSCC patients. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in HNSCC tumour were obtained from the cancer genome atlas (TCGA) database. Interactions between LINC00520 and miR-195, homeobox A10 (HOXA10) and miR-195 were evaluated by dual...
Source: Free Radical Research - Category: Research Tags: Free Radic Res Source Type: research
Condition:   Head and Neck Cancer Intervention:   Genetic: ADP-A2M4 in combination with pembrolizumab. Sponsor:   Adaptimmune Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
(University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center) The adoptive T-cell therapy ADP-A2M4, which is engineered to express a T-cell receptor (TCR) directed against the MAGE-A4 cancer antigen, achieved responses in patients with multiple solid tumor types, including synovial sarcoma, head and neck cancer and lung cancer, according to results from a Phase I clinical trial led by researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
In this study, RNA sequence profiles and copy number variation (CNV) data of 506 HNSCC patients were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Correlation analysis involving alteration of m6A regulatory genes, clinicopathological characteristics, and patient survival was performed using R language. The results suggest that alteration of m6A regulatory genes was correlated with clinical staging. Patients with high expression of ALKBH5, FTO, METTL14, WTAP, YTHDC1, YTHDF1, and YTHDF2 had poor overall survival (OS) than those with low expression. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses showed that AL...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Head and neck cancer is increasing globally owing to rising rates of tobacco use and human papillomavirus infection. Today, cancer is the leading cause of death and disabilities in developed countries and the second leading cause of death in countries with developing economies. Understanding the global landscape of head and neck cancer will empower oral and maxillofacial surgeons to play a critical role among patients and societal education regarding the importance of addressing modifiable risk factors and continuing to play an important role in the diagnosis and management of head and neck cancer.
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Induction chemotherapy seems to have a negative impact on patient's compliance to CCRT. Bulky tumors and prolonged radiation interruptions were associated with significantly lower LRC, DFS and OS. PMID: 32458648 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research
ConclusionThis was the first study to identify the anti-oxidative effects and safety of FKA and kavain with regard to oral keratinocytes, highlighting their potential use in the development of a preventative treatment for oral mucositis.
Source: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionThis study can be considered original in the oncologic context, providing new information about the most frequent dental treatment needs among a large population of hospitalized cancer patients.
Source: Supportive Care in Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Fatigue represents a very profound and prolonged impairment for the patients of our study. Since fatigue can still be present a long time after completion of treatment, patients should be asked about it specifically using a standardized inventory during follow-up. In order to cope with fatigue syndrome, specific therapeutic recommendations aimed at activation, such as regular physical activity, nutritional advice, and complementary measures, can be made. PMID: 32451566 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: HNO - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: HNO Source Type: research
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