Psychometric Evaluation of the Child and Parent Versions of the Coping Questionnaire.

Psychometric Evaluation of the Child and Parent Versions of the Coping Questionnaire. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev. 2020 Mar 10;: Authors: Crane ME, Kendall PC Abstract The Coping Questionnaire (CQ)-child and parent version-is an idiographic measure of youth's perceived ability to cope in anxiety provoking situations. Participants (N = 442; aged 7-17) met DSM-IV criteria for separation anxiety disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, or social anxiety disorder. The internal consistency of the CQ was supported, and retest reliability and parent/child agreement were, as expected, modest. The CQ scores were significantly correlated in the expected direction with measures of anxiety symptoms and functioning, providing evidence of convergent and divergent validity. The criterion validity of the CQ also was supported: the CQ scores were significantly correlated with the clinical severity rating of the youth's principal diagnosis on ADIS. There was a significant correlation between change in CQ scores and in anxiety severity and symptoms following treatment. Results support the CQ as a measure to assess coping efficacy in anxious youths as part of evidence-based assessment. PMID: 32157488 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Child Psychiatry and Human Development - Category: Child Development Authors: Tags: Child Psychiatry Hum Dev Source Type: research

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As the physical coronavirus pandemic continues to spread, an emotional pandemic is following fast in its wake. When the whole world is going to pieces, it’s awfully hard for the human mind—a fragile thing in the best of times—to cope, and more and more, doctors are reporting the spread of despair, worry and depression among their patients, especially those already suffering from some form of anxiety disorder. Even before COVID-19 hit its shores, the U.S. was a clinically anxious place. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, just over 19% of all American adults will experience at least one a...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: In this clinical sample, distress-related internalizing symptomatology was associated with risk for, and not protection against, hazardous AU, but only when accompanied by high externalizing symptoms. SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Findings suggest that whether or not internalizing symptoms operate synergistically with externalizing symptoms to predict hazardous AU depends on the subdomain of internalizing symptoms (distress vs fear) and perhaps the type of sample (ie, clinical vs community). (Am J Addict 2019:00:00-00). PMID: 31782592 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal on Addictions - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research
Anxiety disorders are one of the most prevalent and underrecognized mental health disorders in the pediatric population, with a lifetime prevalence of 25 –32 percent. A national survey reported an individual prevalence of anxiety disorders among youth (ages 13–17.4 years) as panic disorder (2.3%), agoraphobia (2.4%), specific phobia (19.3%), generalized anxiety disorder (2.2%), separation anxiety disorder (7.6%), and social anxiety disorder (9.1% ). Early diagnosis and treatment can improve the treatment outcomes and prognosis for children and adolescents.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Cognitive theories of anxiety suggest that anxious children interpret negatively only those materials specifically related to the content of their anxiety. So far, there are only a few studies available that report on this postulated content-specificity of interpretation processes across different anxiety disorders in children, and most of them focused on social anxiety. Therefore, we examined interpretation bias and its content-specificity in a group of clinically anxious children between the ages of 6-12 years with various anxiety disorders, using an "ambiguous scenarios" task. Children were a...
Source: Behaviour Research and Therapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Behav Res Ther Source Type: research
This study examined the relationship between caregivers' and youths' treatment expectations and characteristics of exposure tasks (quantity, mastery, compliance) in cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for childhood anxiety. Additionally, compliance with exposure tasks was tested as a mediator of the relationship between treatment expectations and symptom improvement. Data were from youth (N = 279; 7-17 years old) enrolled in the Child/Adolescent Anxiety Multimodal Study (CAMS) and randomized to cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) or the combination of CBT and sertraline for the treatment of separation anxi...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research
Anxiety Disorders are among the most common psychiatric illnesses in childhood and adolescence.1 The mainstays of treatment for childhood anxiety disorders are Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and medications.2 Both of these treatments focus primarily on the child. However, parents and families often play a major role in the reinforcement of anxiety disorders through accommodations that may adversely affect the child ’s development.3 Examples of such accommodations include keeping a child with separation anxiety disorder home from school, permitting a child with social anxiety disorder to avoid social events, or pr...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
This study aimed to establish the ability of the Spence Children’s Anxiety Scale (SCAS) subscales to identify children with specific anxiety disorders in a large clinic-referred sample (N = 1,438) of children aged 7 to 12 years. We examined the capacity of the Separation Anxiety, Social Phobia, Generalized Anxiety, and Physical Injury Fears (phobias) subscales to discriminate between children with and without the target disorder. We also identified optimal cutoff scores on subscales for accurate identification of children with the corresponding disorder, and examined the contribution of child, mother, and father repo...
Source: Psychological Assessment - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Between 18% and 22% of children and youth in Ontario met criteria for a mental disorder but less than one-third had contact with a mental health provider. These findings provide support for strengthening prevention and early intervention efforts and enhancing service capacity to meet the mental health needs of children and youth in Ontario. PMID: 30978138 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Can J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Singh D, Rocio Martinez W, Anand N, Pinkhasov A, Calixte R, Bulbena A, Coplan JD Abstract OBJECTIVE:: ALPIM (anxiety, laxity, pain, immune, and mood) syndrome has been previously described in adults. The authors aimed to identify its occurrence in adolescents and confirm its existence in adults. Given the association of the disorder with somatic symptoms, separation anxiety disorder (SAD) was explored as an ALPIM comorbidity. METHODS:: Medical records of patients aged 11-34 with a diagnosis of depression or anxiety (panic disorder, SAD, social anxiety or generalized anxiety disorder) seen during a 1-ye...
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research
This study uses novel approaches to examine genetic and environmental influences shared between childhood behavioral inhibition (BI) and symptoms of preadolescent anxiety disorders. Three hundred and fifty-two twin pairs aged 9-13 and their mothers completed questionnaires about BI and anxiety symptoms. Biometrical twin modeling, including a direction-of-causation design, investigated genetic and environmental risk factors shared between BI and social, generalized, panic and separation anxiety. Social anxiety shared the greatest proportion of genetic (20%) and environmental (16%) variance with BI with tentative evidence fo...
Source: Twin Research and Human Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Twin Res Hum Genet Source Type: research
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