Molecules, Vol. 25, Pages 1321: New Selective Progesterone Receptor Modulators and Their Impact on the RANK/RANKL Complex Activity

Molecules, Vol. 25, Pages 1321: New Selective Progesterone Receptor Modulators and Their Impact on the RANK/RANKL Complex Activity Molecules doi: 10.3390/molecules25061321 Authors: Katarzyna Błaszczak-Świątkiewicz Breast cancer depends on women’s age. Its chemotherapy and hormone therapy lead to the loss of bone density and disruption of the skeleton. The proteins RANK and RANKL play a pivotal role in the formation of osteoclasts. It is also well established that the same proteins (RANK and RANKL) are the main molecules that play an important role in mammary stem cell biology. Mammary stem cells guarantee differentiation of the epithelial mammary cells, the growth of which is regulated by the progesterone-induced RANKL signaling pathway. The crosstalk between progesterone receptor, stimulated by progesterone and its analogues results in RANKL to RANK binding and activation of cell proliferation and subsequently unlimited expansion of the breast cancer cells. Therefore downstream regulation of this signaling pathway is desirable. To meet this need, a new class of selective estrogen receptor modulators (SPRMs) with anti- and mesoprogestin function were tested as potential anti-RANK agents. To establish the new feature of SPRMs, the impact of tested SPRMs on RANK-RANKL proteins interaction was tested. Furthermore, the cells proliferation upon RANKL stimulation, as well as NFkB and cyclin D1 expression, induced by tested SPRMs were analyzed. Conducted experim...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 3 June 2020Source: Journal of the American College of RadiologyAuthor(s): Ruth C. Carlos, Katy Lowry, Gelareh Sadigh
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: September–October 2020Source: Journal of Orthopaedics, Volume 21Author(s): Gaurav K. Upadhyaya, Karthikeyan Iyengar, Vijay K. Jain, Raju Vaishya
Source: Journal of Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
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Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH Source Type: research
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Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: LITERATURE REVIEW Source Type: research
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Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: SURGERY Source Type: research
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Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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Source: Current Osteoporosis Reports - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
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Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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