Visfatin as a predictor of obstructive sleep apnea in atrial fibrillation patients

ConclusionsPatients with AF who were diagnosed with OSA had significantly higher plasma visfatin levels which increased according to the severity of OSA. Furthermore, multivariate regression analysis identified visfatin concentration over 1.25  ng/mL, male sex, age over 59.1 years, and permanent AF as the factors showing independent correlation with OSA.
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Patients with AF who were diagnosed with OSA had significantly higher plasma visfatin levels which increased according to the severity of OSA. Furthermore, multivariate regression analysis identified visfatin concentration over 1.25 ng/mL, male sex, age over 59.1 years, and permanent AF as the factors showing independent correlation with OSA. PMID: 32170672 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research
The objective of this research article was to assess the trend of hospitalization, epidemiological characteristics and economic burden in the young adult, aged 18–45 years, presenting with atrial fibrillation.MethodsHospitalization data from the National Inpatient Sample between 2005 and 2015 were used to analyze prevalence of risk factors and financial burden in young adults with atrial fibrillation.ResultsFrom 2005 to 2015, a total of 260,080 admissions were included in the study. From 2005 to 2015, there was a decreasing trend of total admissions with atrial fibrillation among the age group of 18–45 years co...
Source: Heart and Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
(CNN) — Hey, sleepyheads. What you believe about sleep may be nothing but a pipe dream. Many of us have notions about sleep that have little basis in fact and may even be harmful to our health, according to researchers at NYU Langone Health’s School of Medicine, who conducted a study published Tuesday in the journal Sleep Health. “There’s such a link between good sleep and our waking success,” said lead study investigator Rebecca Robbins, a postdoctoral research fellow in the Department of Population Health at NYU Langone Health. “And yet we often find ourselves debunking myths, whether ...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Healthwatch News CNN Sleep Source Type: news
Authors: Zhang S, Zhang W, Zhou G Abstract Stroke causes disability and high mortality, while it can be prevented by increasing public awareness of risk factors. The common known risk factors are hypertension, atrial fibrillation, heart failure, smoking, alcohol consumption, low physical activity, overweight and hypercholesterolemia. However, the deep understanding of risk factors is limited. Moreover, more risk factor emerges in recent years. To further increase the awareness of risk factors for stroke prevention, this review indicates the reasonable application of antihypertensive agents according to the age-depe...
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research
Authors: Wojda M, Jurkowski P, Lewandowska A, Mierzwińska-Nastalska E, Kostrzewa-Janicka J Abstract Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a sleep disorder resulting from the repetitive narrowing and collapse of the upper respiratory tract. The results of previous epidemiological studies confirm a significant impact of OSA on the health situation around the world. Untreated OSA is associated with many adverse health effects, such as hypertension, coronary artery disease, stroke, atrial fibrillation, congestive heart failure, and daytime sleepiness. Excessive mortality of OSA patients, especially in men under 50 yea...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Study Objectives:To examine the cross-sectional association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) risk and atrial fibrillation (AF) in the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS), a cohort of black and white adults.Methods:Using REGARDS data from subjects recruited between 2003–2007, we assessed 20,351 participants for OSA status. High OSA risk was determined if the participant met at least two criteria from the Berlin Sleep Questionnaire (persistent snoring, frequent sleepiness, high blood pressure, or obesity). AF was defined as a self-reported history of a previous physician diagnosis or ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a well-known risk factor for stroke. This is attributed to multiple mechanisms such as endothelial dysfunction, atrial fibrillation, hypertension, and comorbid obesity. STOP questionnaire alone is unreliable to diagnose OSA and in-hospital sleep study is costly and can be technically challenging. We used high-resolution pulse oximetry (HRPO) to test the feasibility of screening for OSA and predicting outcome.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
The incidence of new-onset atrial fibrillation (NOAF) is increasing both in the Asian populations and Western countries. Several demographic and clinical risk factors were independently associated with NOAF, including ageing, male sex, obesity, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, hypertension, coronary artery disease, renal dysfunction and heart failure. However, some differences in the incidence of NOAF, the prevalence of some risk factors and lifestyle or environmental conditions may exist between Asian and Western countries.
Source: International Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is the cornerstone of a catheter ablation for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) [1]. However, PVI is less efficient for persistent AF (PersAF) than for paroxysmal AF (PAF) [2]. The progression of AF from PAF to PerAF seems to be dependent on atrial remodeling and the formation of a proarrhythmic substrate which is promoted by inadequately treated or unrecognized risk factors such as hypertension, heart failure, obstructive sleep apnea, obesity and metabolic syndrome [3].
Source: International Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
Purpose of review Atrial fibrillation is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia, attributable to several factors that may be amenable through lifestyle modification. There is emerging evidence to suggest that the successful management of several cardiovascular risk factors [obesity, hypertension (HTN), diabetes mellitus, and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)] can lead to fewer complications and atrial fibrillation prevention. However, the long-term sustainability and reproducibility of these effects have yet to be explored in larger studies. This review explores recent findings for exercise and lifestyle modifications ...
Source: Current Opinion in Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: ARRHYTHMIAS: Edited by David Birnie Source Type: research
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