HIPK4 is essential for murine spermiogenesis

Mammalian spermiogenesis is a remarkable cellular transformation, during which round spermatids elongate into chromatin-condensed spermatozoa. The signaling pathways that coordinate this process are not well understood, and we demonstrate here that homeodomain-interacting protein kinase 4 (HIPK4) is essential for spermiogenesis and male fertility in mice. HIPK4 is predominantly expressed in round and early elongating spermatids, andHipk4 knockout males are sterile, exhibiting phenotypes consistent with oligoasthenoteratozoospermia.Hipk4 mutant sperm have reduced oocyte binding and are incompetent for in vitro fertilization, but they can still produce viable offspring via intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Optical and electron microscopy of HIPK4-null male germ cells reveals defects in the filamentous actin (F-actin)-scaffolded acroplaxome during spermatid elongation and abnormal head morphologies in mature spermatozoa. We further observe that HIPK4 overexpression induces branched F-actin structures in cultured fibroblasts and that HIPK4 deficiency alters the subcellular distribution of an F-actin capping protein in the testis, supporting a role for this kinase in cytoskeleton remodeling. Our findings establish HIPK4 as an essential regulator of sperm head shaping and potential target for male contraception.
Source: eLife - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Cell Biology Developmental Biology Source Type: research

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Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Abstract As the final and critical step in in vitro fertilization (IVF), embryo transfer has always received much attention and deserves continuous optimization. In the present study, to explore the role of autocrine factors in embryo self-spent culture media, we prospectively compared embryo transfer with self-spent culture medium and fresh medium on clinical pregnancy outcomes. A total of 318 fresh IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles were randomly allocated into two subgroups based on their transfer media (using a self-spent culture medium or new pre-equilibrated culture media), and the clinical o...
Source: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Syst Biol Reprod Med Source Type: research
Abstract Objective: To investigate the feasibility and clinical outcome of the all-blastocyst-culture and single blastocyst transfer strategy in women aged ≥35 years. Methods: A retrospective analysis of patients aged ≥35 years undergoing IVF/ICSI was performed from January 2017 to April 2019 in the reproductive center of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University. A total of 155 cases treated with ovarian hyperstimulation by prolonged protocol and implemented single (84 cases) or double (71 cases) blastocyst transfer were collected. Then, patients were further divided into
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
Abstract We retrospectively analyzed clinical data from 45,912 in vitro fertilization/intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycles in our reproductive medical center. We compared the clinical outcomes of three different ovarian hyperstimulation protocols in poor ovarian responders (classified by the POSEIDON criteria) to determine the most effective protocol for each POSEIDON group. In POSEIDON groups 1 and 3, the early-follicular-phase long-acting GnRH-agonist long (EFLL) protocol was associated with higher pregnancy rates per transfer and higher live birth rates than the mid-luteal-phase short-acting GnRH-agonist lon...
Source: Aging - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Aging (Albany NY) Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our results indicated that GnRH agonist pre-treatment before starting the long GnRH agonist protocol does not improve the live birth rate in fresh embryo transfer cycles or CLBR in infertile women with adenomyosis after IVF/ICSI treatment when compared to that in non-pre-treated patients. A subsequent prospective randomized controlled study is needed to confirm these results.
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionAlthough the average genome ‐wide level of sperm DNA methylation was similar in both sample groups, a distinctive number of methylation changes were observed in DMR and DMP levels. A larger number of samples should be analyzed and additional sperm preparation methods should be tested to confirm our findings.
Source: Andrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
ConclusionAfro-Caribbean women receiving infertility care in the Caribbean may have better ART outcomes compared to African-American women in the United States (US).
Source: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness and safety of ovarian stimulation (OS) with follitropin alfa (Ovaleap®) for routine IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm injection treatment in gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist cycles in real-world ART clinical practice. METHODS: This non-interventional, multicenter, prospective study was initiated in 34 specialized reproductive medicine centers in Germany. Eligible women were 18-40 years old with a body mass index
Source: Reproductive Biology - Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Reprod Biol Endocrinol Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the effect of the detail type of chromosomal polymorphisms (1/9/16qh+/ −, D/G group polymorphisms, and inv(9)) on the IVF-ET outcomes.MethodsA total of 1335 infertile couples undergoing IVF/ICSI were enrolled and comprehensively analyzed the correlation between three detail types of chromosomal polymorphisms (1/9/16qh+/ −, D/G group polymorphisms, and inv(9)) and the outcome of IVF/ICSI embryo transfer. The fertilized rate, cleaved embryo rate, good-quality embryo rate, clinical pregnancy rate, implantation rate, and early stage miscarriage rate were compared between the chromoso...
Source: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionThis study concurs with the recent data suggesting that employing ICSI solely for teratospermia is unnecessary. This may allow clinics to decrease ICSI rates without sacrificing success rates, leading to lower cost and risk associated with treatment.
Source: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
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