World Health Organization Declares COVID-19 a ‘Pandemic.’ Here’s What That Means

The World Health Organization (WHO) on March 11 declared COVID-19 a pandemic, pointing to the over 118,000 cases of the coronavirus illness in over 110 countries and territories around the world and the sustained risk of further global spread. “This is not just a public health crisis, it is a crisis that will touch every sector,” said Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO director-general, at a media briefing. “So every sector and every individual must be involved in the fights.” An epidemic refers to an uptick in the spread of a disease within a specific community. By contrast, the WHO defines a pandemic as global spread of a new disease, though the specific threshold for meeting that criteria is fuzzy. The term is most often applied to new influenza strains, and the CDC says it’s used when viruses “are able to infect people easily and spread from person to person in an efficient and sustained way” in multiple regions. The declaration refers to the spread of a disease, rather than the severity of the illness it causes. Keep up to date with our daily coronavirus newsletter by clicking here. In some ways, declaring a pandemic is more art than science. “Pandemics mean different things to different people,” National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Director Dr. Anthony Fauci said in February. “It really is borderline semantics, to be honest with you.” During multiple prior press briefings, WHO officials...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized COVID-19 Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 26 September 2020Source: CytotherapyAuthor(s): C. Iglesias-Lopez
Source: Cytotherapy - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
Abstract Sinogastromyzon sichangensis is a hillstream loach endemic to the upper Yangtze River, China. It is unclear whether this fish lives in a very restricted area or may be dispersed over a long distance. In the present study spatial connectivity of populations of S. sichangensis was investigated based on 343 individuals collected from 12 sites of Chishui River and employing 22 microsatellite loci. The results of genetic diversity analysis showed that observed heterozygosity (HO) and polymorphism information content (PIC) ranged from 0.5653 to 0.6999 and 0.8513 to 0.8819, respectively. Population structure ana...
Source: Zoological Science - Category: Zoology Authors: Tags: Zoolog Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Carbonell-Estrany X, Rodgers-Gray BS, Paes B Abstract INTRODUCTION: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes approximately 120,000 deaths annually in children
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Retinal circulation should be considered as a potential site for thromboembolic complications from COVID-19. PMID: 32976055 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Ocul Immunol Inflamm Source Type: research
Authors: Agrawal R PMID: 32976047 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Ocul Immunol Inflamm Source Type: research
Authors: Miserocchi E, Giuffrè C, Modorati GM, Cimaz R Abstract Italy was the first European country to be affected by the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. In this scenario, we had to face a new clinical approach in our Pediatric Rheumatology Unit for the management of patients affected by juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)-associated uveitis. During the lockdown (phase 1), the weekly outpatient clinic was discontinued and telephone consultations were set up. A toll-free telephone number was instituted for emergencies. None of our children with JIA-associated uveitis was advised to stop the ongoing immunosuppressant sy...
Source: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Ocul Immunol Inflamm Source Type: research
Neath Port Talbot, Torfaen and the Vale of Glamorgan face further measures; Le Monde reports32% of outbreaks in France found in schools or universitiesRegular ‘circuit breaker’ lockdowns ‘could help control Covid’Minister refuses to guarantee students will be home for ChristmasBoris Johnson faces revolt over forcing through Covid measuresAustralia: ‘We should not pretend everybody is suffering equally’See all our coronavirus coverage2.50pmBSTInMarseille,a coronavirus hotspot, the city ’s top flight football team has been given a government order to play behind closed doors. InGerma...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Coronavirus outbreak France UK news Europe Infectious diseases Science World news Saudi Arabia Japan South Korea Australia news Source Type: news
Authors: Meng L, Yang X, Wu Y, Zhao Z, Yang L, Li M, Wang X, Zhang G Abstract Kindler syndrome (KS) is a rare subtype of epidermolysis bullosa that is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner with mutations in FERMT1. A number of mutations in FERMT1 have been identified in KS. The current study reported a 33-year-old Chinese man who exhibited a wide variety of clinical features, including formation of blisters, photosensitivity, cutaneous atrophy and poikiloderma, telangiectasia of the face and neck, contracture of the end limbs, nail dystrophy, muscle, eye and oral damage, tympanitis, esophagus narrowing, pneumo...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Authors: Ran H, Xiao H, Zhou X, Guo L, Lu S Abstract Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a common upper airway disease attributed to a variety of risk factors, such as environmental exposures and genetic susceptibility. The commonly observed comorbidity of asthma and AR in the clinic suggests the presence of shared genetic risk factors and biological mechanisms between these diseases. Interleukin (IL)-33 has been indicated to be an important factor driving asthma susceptibility and pathogenesis using both genome-wide association studies and functional studies in model animals. Although previous studies have reported the puta...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Authors: Su Y, Ma M, Zhang H, Pan X, Zhang X, Zhang F, Lv Y, Yan C Abstract Hyponatremia is a risk factor associated with poor prognosis in patients with heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction. However, whether hyponatremia has a similar role in patients with HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) has remained controversial. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics and 24-month prognostic profile of a cohort of patients with HFpEF in China. From a registered observational cohort study on 1,027 subjects with HF, 496 patients with HFpEF were included. The associat...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
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