miR-210 Is a Prognostic Marker in Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

Accurate assessment of prognosis of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is key in optimizing management plans to fit individual patient needs. miRNAs are short noncoding single-stranded RNAs that control the expression of target genes and may act as cancer biomarkers. We analyzed the expression of miR-210 in 276 cases of primary ccRCC and compared its expression in 40 pairs of adjacent normal and cancerous tissues. We assessed its expression in primary and metastatic tumors, in the common RCC subtypes, and the benign oncocytoma.
Source: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

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In conclusion, these results suggested that the significantly dysregulated circRNAs, miRNAs and genes identified in this study may be considered potential biomarkers of the carcinogenesis of CCRCC and the survival of patients with this disease. PMID: 31746384 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), the most common histological subtype of kidney cancer, shows poor prognosis, and non-sensitivity to radiotherapy or chemotherapy. The lncRNA small nucleolar RNA host gene 12 (SNHG12) has been revealed to play a carcinogenic role in various neoplasms, but the underlying mechanism in ccRCC is still unclear. To explore the potential role of SNHG12 in ccRCC, the data downloaded from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC) Data Portal was used to compare the expression of SNHG12 in tumors and adjacent normal tissues. MRNA microarray and quantitati...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is the most common renal cell carcinoma subtype with a poor prognosis. LncRNA-LET is a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) that is down-regulated in ccRCC tissues. However, its...
Source: Cancer Cell International - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Primary research Source Type: research
Hong Cho Treatment-related adverse events (AEs) can obfuscate the maintenance of a conventional schedule of sunitinib in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Accordingly, alternative schedules seeking to improve the safety profile of sunitinib have been tested. Recently, two meta-analyses similarly described improved safety profiles favoring a two weeks on and one week off (2/1) schedule, but with conflicting results for survival outcomes. Therefore, we conducted an updated systematic review and meta-analysis, including all recently published studies and using complementary statistical methods. Endpoint...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Nivolumab is a fully human, immunoglobulin G4 (kappa) isotype monoclonal antibody that binds programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) on activated immune cells and disrupts the engagement of the receptor with its ligands programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1: B7-H1/CD274 and PD-L2: B7-DC/CD273), thereby abrogating inhibitory signals and augmenting the antitumor response of the host [1]. In previous clinical trials, nivolumab has shown activity in several tumor types, including melanoma, renal cell carcinoma, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), hodgkin lymphoma, and malignant pleural mesothelioma.
Source: Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
This study documents that the loss of BAP1 nuclear expression is quite a frequent finding in PCC/PGL, suggesting a possible role ofBAP1 in the pathogenesis of these tumors. Gene mutations do not seem to be involved in this loss of expression, at least in most cases. Other genetic and epigenetic mechanisms need to be further investigated.
Source: Endocrine Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Authors: Cui XF, Cui XG, Leng N Abstract Papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC) accounts for about 10 percent of all renal cell carcinomas, and the prognosis is poor for people with advanced disease. Interleukin-20 receptor subunit beta (IL20RB) is a single-pass type I membrane protein of the type II cytokine receptor family and is related to the pathogenesis of chronic inflammation and autoimmune diseases, including psoriasis, glaucoma, vitiligo, rheumatoid arthritis, and inflammatory bowel disease. However, little has been reported on IL20RB with respect to cancer, especially in PRCC. Thus, we performed this study...
Source: Journal of Toxicologic Pathology - Category: Toxicology Tags: J Toxicol Pathol Source Type: research
ConclusionsMultiple cytokines found in an immune-reactive TME may induce PD-L1 expression on tumor and/or immune cells through distinct signaling mechanisms. Factors driving constitutive PD-L1 expression were not identified in this study. Understanding complex mechanisms underlying PD-L1 display in the TME may allow treatment approaches mitigating expression of this immunosuppressive ligand, to enhance the impact of PD-1 blockade.
Source: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
eda N Abstract INTRODUCTION: The Tumor-Node-Metastasis classification of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) for pT3a tumors includes sinus fat invasion (SFI), perinephric fat invasion (PFI), renal vein invasion (RVI), and/or pelvicaliceal system invasion (PSI). The purpose of this study was to determine the association between these patterns of invasion (assessed individually and cumulatively) with the development of metastases and cancer-specific mortality (CSM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified 160 patients who underwent radical nephrectomy for pT3a clear cell RCC between 2011 and 2017. The association between ...
Source: Urologic Oncology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Urol Oncol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrate a core dependency on HIF-2 in metastatic ccRCC, and establish PT2385 as a highly specific HIF-2 inhibitor in humans. PMID: 31727677 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Cancer Res Source Type: research
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