The Termination of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrival (DACA) Protections and Medical Education in the U.S.
AbstractThe termination of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) immigration policy poses unique challenges for medical education and healthcare. A survey on DACA was administered online using Qualtrics Software System to 121 unique U.S.-MD granting medical school admissions leadership using e-mails between January 2018 and April 2018. A total of 39 individuals out of 121 (32%) responded to the survey; 23 (59%) of respondents identified as medical school admissions deans, 11 (28%) identified as directors and 5 (13%) as staff/officers. During the past 4 years, 19 (49%) reported having accepted DACA students. The majority either incorrectly answered or were otherwise unsure about the effect of DACA on medical education. The correlation between perception of understanding DACA and mean knowledge composite score was 0.38, P
This study aimed to assess the prevalence and variables related to perceived stress associated with the COVID-19 pandemic in a sample of Colombian adults using a designed online cross-sectional survey. Adults answered a version of the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) modified for COVID-19 (PSS-10-C), with Cronbach alpha equal to 0.86. In total, 406 individuals aged between 19 and 88 years (M = 43.9; SD = 12.4) agreed to participate in the survey: 61.8% were females, 90.6% had a university degree, 44.1% were health professionals, and 45.7% considered public health policies for preventing the spread of the disease inconsisten...
Source: Cadernos de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Pedrozo-Pupo JC, Pedrozo-Cortés MJ, Campo-Arias ATags: Cad Saude Publica Source Type: research
This article sought to present and discuss the development of a methodology to implement the clinical monitoring of PLWHA in the services of the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS). The methodology used since 2014 by the CRT-STI/AIDS-Coordination of the STI/AIDS Program, São Paulo State, Brazil, was re-structured in three meetings between June and August 2018. The new methodology retained the axes of presentation of number of users in treatment failure, gap or abandonment in the participant services, as well as the discussion of individual, social and programmatic vulnerabilities. A new axis was added whi...
Source: Cadernos de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Loch AP, Caraciolo JMM, Rocha SQ, Fonsi M, Souza RA, Gianna MC, Gonçalves A, Kalichman AOTags: Cad Saude Publica Source Type: research
The study aimed to analyze the interaction of sociodemographic factors in the association between psychosocial factors and active commuting to school. This was a cross-sectional study in 2018 with a sample of 1,984 students. The target sociodemographic factors were sex, age, parents' schooling, and socioeconomic status. Social support and self-efficacy were measured with questionnaires. Active commuting to school was defined as walking, bicycling, or skateboarding to and from school. Binary logistic regression was used to verify the association between psychosocial factors and active commuting to school. ...
Source: Cadernos de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Camargo EM, Santos MPM, Ribeiro AGP, Mota J, Campos WTags: Cad Saude Publica Source Type: research
The aim of this study was to analyze self-rated health in Brazil's adult population according to markers of health inequality (color or race, region of residence, schooling, per capita household income, and social class), stratified by sex. We studied 59,758 individuals 18 years or older who participated in the 2013 National Health Survey, a population-based household survey. Data collection used face-to-face interviews and key physical measurements. Self-rated health was classified as positive, fair, or negative. Multinomial logistic regression was used to estimate crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR) and...
Source: Cadernos de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Sousa JL, Alencar GP, Antunes JLF, Silva ZPDTags: Cad Saude Publica Source Type: research
COVID-19 has created enormous challenges for health systems worldwide, with the rapidly growing number of deaths and critical patients with pneumonia requiring ventilatory support. Alternative methods to control the spread of the disease such as social isolation, extreme quarantine measures, and contact tracing have been used around the world. However, these measures may not be totally effective to fight COVID-19, in step with the necessary national preparations to meet the new patient care demands. A wide range of digital technologies can be used to enhance these public health strategies, and the pandemi...
Source: Cadernos de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Caetano R, Silva AB, Guedes ACCM, Paiva CCN, Ribeiro GDR, Santos DL, Silva RMDTags: Cad Saude Publica Source Type: research
[Implementation of the More Doctors Program in Espírito Santo State, Brazil: logic model and proposed indicators].
Cad Saude Publica. 2020;36(5):e00043219
Authors: Emerich TB, Cavaca AG, Santos Neto ETD, Oliveira AE, Siqueira CE
The study aimed to assess the implementation of the More Doctors Program (PMM in Portuguese) based on a case study of the Espírito Santo State, Brazil. The first stage involved analyzing the documents that launched the PMM, allowing the creation of a logic model. In the second stage, data on the PMM in Espírito Santo State were analyzed (2013-2016...
Source: Cadernos de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Emerich TB, Cavaca AG, Santos Neto ETD, Oliveira AE, Siqueira CETags: Cad Saude Publica Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Simultaneous CRC and CRLM resections seem to be safe when patients are carefully selected, also considering the risk of recurrence concerning oncologic outcomes. The pre-planning of simultaneous resection is mandatory to plan trocar positioning, procedure sequencing, and patient position.
PMID: 32490901 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Cirurgica Brasileira - Category: Surgery Authors: Araujo RLC, Figueiredo MN, Sanctis MA, Romagnolo LGC, Linhares MM, Melani AGF, Marescaux JTags: Acta Cir Bras Source Type: research
PURPOSE: To evaluate the in vivo response of photobiomodulation therapy associated with norbixin-based poly(hydroxybutyrate) membrane (PHB) in tenotomized calcaneal tendon.
METHODS: Thirty rats were randomly allocated to six groups (n=5 each): LED groups (L1, L2 and L3) and membrane + LED groups (ML1, ML2 and ML3). The right calcaneal tendons of all animals were sectioned transversely and were irradiated with LED daily, one hour after surgery every 24 hours, until the day of euthanasia. At the end of the experiments the tendons were removed for histological analysis.
RESULTS: The histological an...
Source: Acta Cirurgica Brasileira - Category: Surgery Authors: Nascimento LDES, Nicolau RA, Maia Filho ALM, Nascimento KFES, Santos JZLV, Sousa RC, Carvalho LFM, Viana VGFTags: Acta Cir Bras Source Type: research