Epidemiology of Lyme Disease in a Highly Endemic European Zone.

Conclusions: This study found a high incidence of Lyme disease in Lithuania. We elucidated the baseline characteristics regarding the infected Lithuanian population which may ease medical clinicians' work on new Lyme diagnoses. PMID: 32151097 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research

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AbstractNon-occupational post-exposure prophylaxis (nPEP) has been clinically recommended since 2005. HIV providers and non-HIV providers (n = 480) practicing within above-average HIV prevalence ZIP codes of the 10 U.S. cities with greatest overall HIV prevalence participated in a cross-sectional survey between July 2014 and May 2015. Providers were asked about their awareness of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) and nPEP prescribing experience for patients with potential sexual exposures to HIV, which we coded into a PEP prescribing cascade with three categories: (1) PEP unaware, (2) PEP aware, no nPEP prescri...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
AbstractBetween October 2015 and March 2018, we conducted the Modified Antiretroviral Treatment Access Study (MARTAS), a nurse-delivered case management intervention to improve linkage-to-care for persons recently tested HIV positive. Adult participants from nine urban clinics in three regions of Ukraine were randomized to either MARTAS or standard of care (SOC) using individual, parallel, two-arm design. The main study outcome was linkage-to-care (defined as registration at an HIV clinic) within a 3-month period from enrollment in the study. Intention-to-treat analysis of MARTAS (n  = 135) versus SOC (n&thin...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
AbstractA structural-environmental model of alcohol and substance-related sexual HIV risk in 344 Latino migrant day laborers, participants in a cross-sectional survey, is tested using structural equation modeling. Hypothesized pathways include: (1) direct paths between environmental conditions and both distress related risk factors, and cultural and community protective factors; (2) indirect paths between environmental conditions and distress through cultural and community protective factors; and (3) indirect paths between environmental conditions and sexual risk through both distress risk factors and cultural and communit...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
AbstractPre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) is changing the landscape of HIV prevention, and may bring changes in sexual behaviors. The double-blind phase (DBP) and open-label extension (OLE) study of the ANRS-IPERGAY trial allowed us to assess changes in sexual behavior of men who have sex with men (MSM) taking sexual activity-based (i.e., on-demand) PrEP. Generalized Estimating Equation (GEE) models found a significant decrease in the number of sexual partners (Coefficient [CI95%], p value; − 0.37[− 0.70 to − 0.04], p = 0.03) between the DBP and OLE as well as in the number of sexual relations...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
AbstractPsychometric data linking of psychological and behavioral questionnaires can facilitate the harmonization of data across HIV and substance use cohorts. Using data from the Collaborating Consortium of Cohorts Producing NIDA Opportunities (C3PNO), we demonstrate how to capitalize on previous linking work with a common linked depression metric across multiple questionnaires. Cohorts were young men who have sex with men (MSM), substance-using MSM, HIV/HCV cocaine users, and HIV-positive patients. We tested for differential item functioning (DIF) by comparing C3PNO cohort data with general population data. We also fit a...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
AbstractWe assessed the coverage of sex acts by event-driven pre-exposure prophylaxis (ED-PrEP) over a 2-month period in 54 participants in the open label phase of the ANRS Ipergay trial. Participants received an electronic monitoring system device to record bottle openings. Self-questionnaires collected daily information on PrEP intake and sexual behavior. Intake was also estimated through returned pill counts. Full coverage of sex acts was defined as at least one pill taken both within 24  h before and within 48 h following sex. There was a strong correlation (r =  − 0.92) betw...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
AbstractTransgender women are at higher risk of HIV infection, however, there is a lack of information about HIV infection and related factors among transgender women in Vietnam. From February 2018 to June 2018, 456 transgender women were recruited in the study using Respondent-Driven Sampling technique. Participants completed the computer-based questionnaire and were tested for HIV serostatus. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify factors related to HIV infection. The prevalence of HIV infection was 77 (16.5%), of which 19 (24.7%) were not aware of their HIV-positive status prior to the study. Factors ass...
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Source: AIDS and Behavior - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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