Brain training via mindfulness, cognitive training, and/ or tDCS

Several recent media articles highlight the growing interest in a variety of approaches to enhance the brain and the mind. The obvious emerging question, which we address at The SharpBrains Guide to Brain Fitness given that “one size doesn’t fit all” is, what works best for whom and for what? Mindfulness: Getting Its Share of Attention (The New York Times): “The Marine Corps is testing Mind Fitness Training to help soldiers relax and boost “emotional intelligence,” the buzzwords of the hour. Nike, General Mills, Target and Aetna encourage employees to sit and do nothing, and with classes that show them how. As the high priestess of the fully aware, Arianna Huffington this year started a mindfulness conference, a page dedicated to the subject on The Huffington Post and a “GPS for the Soul” phone application with a built-in heart sensor to alert you when you’re calm or stressed…Even the most distracted are easing up and letting go. These days, Mr. Williams spends most of his time overseeing an online literary venture called Medium. The office holds companywide nature retreats and offers guided relaxation sessions twice a week. “Meditation always had bad branding for this culture — it seemed very hand wavy,” he said. “But to me, it’s a way to think more clearly and to not feel so swept up.” Matching our cognitive brain span to our extended lifespan (Oxford Univers...
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neurologists Authors: Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness Brain-Training cognitive decline prevention cognitive-performance Cognitive-Training emotional-intelligence mindfulness neuroplasticity tDCS Source Type: blogs

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The objective of this systematic review is to describe the available literature on the anesthetic considerations of pediatric ECT. Original publications were screened for inclusion criteria: (1) manuscript written in English; (2) persons under 18 years of age; and (3) use of ECT. Data tabulation included demographic information, details of anesthetic management and ECT procedure, and adverse events. The mean age was 15 years, 90% were 12-17 years of age, and no cases involving children
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Anesth Analg Source Type: research
Authors: Kaliora SC, Zervas IM, Papadimitriou GN Abstract Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is the oldest among the early biological treatments introduced in psychiatry, and the only one still in use. In this paper we attempt a brief presentation of ECT usage over the last 80 years, since it was originally introduced. It is a safe, well-tolerated, and highly effective treatment option for major psychiatric disorders, such as mood disorders and schizophrenia, especially when there is an acute exacerbation of psychotic symptoms or if catatonic symptoms are prominent. ECT has also been used successfully for the treatmen...
Source: Psychiatriki - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research
AbstractWe aimed to review and discuss the evidence-based arguments for the efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in the treatment of catatonia. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies focusing on the response to ECT in catatonia were selected in PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase, ClinicalTrials.gov and Current Controlled Trials through October 2016 and qualitatively described. Trials assessing pre-post differences using a catatonia or clinical improvement rating scale were pooled together using a random effect model. Secondary outcomes were adverse effects of anesthesia and seizure. 564 pati...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Depression affects 450 million people worldwide and 15 million adults in the United States (U.S.) alone. Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the United States, claiming over 40,000 lives every year. We see these heartbreaking stories making headlines too often, and there are tens of thousands more we do not know about. The scariest part? There is no end in sight. Antidepressants are one of the three most commonly used therapeutic drug classes in the United States. Approximately 1 in 9 Americans of all ages reported taking at least one antidepressant medication — a number that was less than 1 in 50 just th...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Antidepressants Bipolar Depression Medications Mood Stabilizers Neuroscience Suicide Treatment Deep brain stimulation Deep transcranial magnetic stimulation Depression Treatment Electroconvulsive Therapy Major Depressive Disorder Source Type: news
Authors: Leroy A, Naudet F, Vaiva G, Francis A, Thomas P, Amad A Abstract We aimed to review and discuss the evidence-based arguments for the efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in the treatment of catatonia. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies focusing on the response to ECT in catatonia were selected in PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase, ClinicalTrials.gov and Current Controlled Trials through October 2016 and qualitatively described. Trials assessing pre-post differences using a catatonia or clinical improvement rating scale were pooled together using a random effect model. S...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research
AbstractWe aimed to review and discuss the evidence-based arguments for the efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in the treatment of catatonia. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies focusing on the response to ECT in catatonia were selected in PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase, ClinicalTrials.gov and Current Controlled Trials through October 2016 and qualitatively described. Trials assessing pre-post differences using a catatonia or clinical improvement rating scale were pooled together using a random effect model. Secondary outcomes were adverse effects of anesthesia and seizure. 564 pati...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
I finally went to see Suicide Squad this weekend, and I enjoyed it much more than I expected. It’s certainly my favorite of the recent DC super-hero movies, which is admittedly a low-bar. Still, I look forward to seeing it again. Without further ado or explanation, let’s jump straight to looking at the medical aspects of the movie. We’ll call them the good, the bad, and the ugly. The Good: The doctor running to help the seizure patient on the subway platform. He detects no pulse, so he starts chest compressions. Simple, and correct. (Now, one could argue that he should have assessed the airway and breathi...
Source: Polite Dissent - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: newtag Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 25 June 2016 Source:Psychiatric Clinics of North America Author(s): Chittaranjan Andrade, Shyam Sundar Arumugham, Jagadisha ThirthalliTeaser Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective treatment commonly used for depression and other major psychiatric disorders. We discuss potential adverse effects (AEs) associated with ECT and strategies for their prevention and management. Common acute AEs include headache, nausea, myalgia, and confusion; these are self-limiting and are managed symptomatically. Serious but uncommon AEs include cardiovascular, pulmonary, and cerebrovascular even...
Source: Psychiatric Clinics of North America - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Lots of people have asked me why I chose to take my college courses online. I used to tell them the same thing every time, “I was having some medical issues and couldn’t deal with on-campus classes back then.” What I didn’t tell them, though, was that those “medical issues” were months of crippling depression for which I was being treated with tri-weekly sessions of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Because of the stigma, I used to avoid talking about my experience with ECT out of fear of being judged. Now, because of the stigma, I use my experience to educate those who still think ECT is...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Antidepressants Caregivers Children and Teens Depression Disorders ECT General Medications Memory and Perception Personal Stories Suicide Bipolar Disorder college Electroconvulsive Therapy Mental Illness Stigma Suicide Atte Source Type: news
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