Compared with Controls, Bariatric Surgery Prevents Long-Term Mortality in Persons with Obesity Only Above Median Age of Cohorts: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

ConclusionCompared with controls, bariatric surgery reduces long-term global mortality only above median age, not below median age. Also mortality due to specific causes is mainly reduced in persons above median age.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

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The superiority of bariatric surgery over best medical therapy (BMT) in the treatment of type 2 diabetes has been well demonstrated in high-quality randomized clinical trials. Furthermore, there is sufficient clinical and mechanistic evidence to support consideration of metabolic surgery for the patients with class 1 obesity (body mass index [BMI], 30.0-34.9; calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared), type 2 diabetes, and inadequately controlled hyperglycemia. At 5-year follow-up, compared with BMT, the Systemic Therapy in Advancing or Metastatic Prostate Cancer: Evaluation of Drug Efficacy (ST...
Source: JAMA Surgery - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Apart from eliminating metabolic disorders, SG improves endothelial function and plays a protective role in preventing lung cancer via normalized ET-1 axis and reduced DNA damage. PMID: 32523314 [PubMed - in process]
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Farrell Endometrial cancer is one of the most common cancers in women worldwide and its incidence is increasing. Epidemiological evidence shows a strong association between endometrial cancer and obesity, and multiple mechanisms linking obesity and cancer progression have been described. However, it remains unclear which factors are the main drivers of endometrial cancer development. Hyperglycemia and type 2 diabetes mellitus are common co-morbidities of obesity, and there is evidence that hyperglycemia is a risk factor for endometrial cancer independent of obesity. This review aims to explore the association betwee...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Obesity is a serious, chronic, treatable, and global disease epidemic. Over 98 million people currently have the disease of obesity, and in a recent New England Journal of Medicine article, Harvard researchers predicted that by 2030, 50% of the population in the United States will have the disease of obesity. Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is significantly associated with obesity. While many people with obesity do not have diabetes, most people with T2D have the disease of obesity. Excess adiposity (body fat storage), which is present in obesity, contributes to many chronic diseases beyond T2D. These include high blood pressure, he...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Health Heart Health Surgery Source Type: blogs
AbstractPurpose of ReviewBariatric surgery is the most effective and durable method for treating obesity. This review highlights the results and safety of bariatric surgery.Recent FindingsThe global prevalence of obesity and its related comorbidities including cancer are on the rise. Bariatric surgery has demonstrated more robust and durable weight loss than current medical treatment. Bariatric surgery also reduces significantly the risk of complications associated with obesity comorbidities, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease, and the risk of mortality in comparison with medical management. Due to accreditation e...
Source: Current Obesity Reports - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research
Right now, one in 12 children and adolescents in the US are severely obese. If that isn’t startling enough, consider this: among 12-to-15-year-olds, that number jumps to one in 10 — and among 16-to-19-year-olds, it is one in seven. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), the best hope for many of these youths may be bariatric surgery. Bariatric surgery is surgery that helps with weight loss by making the stomach smaller and making other changes in the digestive system. It’s jarring to think about doing irreversible surgery on an adolescent — or a child, as the AAP discourages age limi...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Adolescent health Children's Health Diabetes Diet and Weight Loss Parenting Source Type: blogs
New study suggests that a'threshold'of weight loss must be reached after bariatric surgery to see a reduced risk of obesity-related cancer. Another indicates risk may be reduced by around 20%.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Hematology-Oncology Headlines - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Source Type: news
Bariatric surgeons and obesity physicians meet in Vegas this week to hear about the latest advances in metabolic surgery as well as news on intermittent fasting and new obesity drugs, among other topics.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Pediatrics Headlines - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Source Type: news
AbstractBackground and aimsBariatric surgery (BS) reduces long-term mortality in comparison with medical treatment of obesity. Some studies indicate that this effect is significant for patients above mean age in different cohorts, but not for younger patients. These findings raise the question whether morbid obese patients should undergo BS as soon as possible, or whether patients might undergo surgery later in their life.MethodsWe performed a post hoc analysis of two studies; we evaluated surgery-related long-term mortality in: (1) the whole cohort [857 surgery patients (163 diabetes) vs. 2086 controls (512 diabetes)]; (2...
Source: Acta Diabetologica - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Discussion of Developmental Effects on Aging Microtubule Function and Longevity in Nematodes Quantifying the Correlation Between Poverty and Faster Pace of Aging Matthew O'Connor Presenting on Underdog Pharmaceuticals at Undoing Aging 2019 Here Matthew O'Connor of the SENS Research Foundation talks about the research that led to founding of Underdog Pharmaceuticals, a biotech startup incubated by the foundation to commercialize a means of targeting 7-ketocholesterol in atheroscleros...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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