The World Changed Its Approach to Health After the 1918 Flu. Will It After The COVID-19 Outbreak?
As the world grapples with a global health emergency that is COVID-19, many are drawing parallels with a pandemic of another infectious disease – influenza – that took the world by storm just over 100 years ago. We should hope against hope that this one isn’t as bad, but the 1918 flu had momentous long-term consequences – not least for the way countries deliver healthcare. Could COVID-19 do the same? The 1918 flu pandemic claimed at least 50 million lives, or 2.5 per cent of the global population, according to current estimates. It washed over the world in three waves. A relatively mild wave in the early months of 1918 was followed by a far more lethal second wave that erupted in late August. That receded towards the end of the year, only to be reprised in the early months of 1919 by a third and final wave that was intermediate in severity between the other two. The vast majority of the deaths occurred in the 13 weeks between mid-September and mid-December 1918. It was a veritable tidal wave of death – the worst since the Black Death of the 14th-century – and possibly in all of human history. Flu and COVID-19 are different diseases, but they have certain things in common. They are both respiratory diseases, spread on the breath and hands as well as, to some extent, via surfaces. Both are caused by viruses, and both are highly contagious. COVID-19 kills a considerably higher proportion of those it infects, than seasonal flu, but it’s ...
Publication date: Available online 2 June 2020Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Fereshteh Yazdanpanah, Michael R. Hamblin, Nima Rezaei
Publication date: 1 September 2020Source: Life Sciences, Volume 256Author(s): Fedor Simko, Russel J. Reiter
Authors: Frost DW, Shah R, Melvin L, Galán de Juana M, MacMillan TE, Abdelhalim T, Lai A, Rawal S, Cavalcanti RB PMID: 32493744 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Jones E PMID: 32493743 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Mishra S, Kwong JC, Chan AK, Baral SD PMID: 32493741 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Liu W, Zhou P, Chen K, Ye Z, Liu F, Li X, He N, Wu Z, Zhang Q, Gong X, Tang Q, Du X, Ying Y, Xu X, Zhang Y, Liu J, Li Y, Shen N, Couban RJ, Ibrahim QI, Guyatt G, Zhai S Abstract BACKGROUND: Antiviral medications are being given empirically to some patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). To support the development of a COVID-19 management guideline, we conducted a systematic review that addressed the benefits and harms of 7 antiviral treatments for COVID-19. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), PubMed and 3 Chinese databases (CNKI, WA...
Publication date: Available online 4 June 2020Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: BiointerfacesAuthor(s): Diksha Gupta, Aishwarya Gangwar, Kiran Jyoti, Vaskuri G.S. Sainaga Jyothi, Rupinder Kaur Sodhi, Neelesh Kumar Mehra, Shashi Bala Singh, Jitender Madan
Publication date: Available online 4 June 2020Source: Polymer Degradation and StabilityAuthor(s): Mathew Celina, Estevan Martinez, Michael A. Omana, Andres Sanchez, Dora Wiemann, Matthew Tezak, Tim R. Dargaville
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Conclusion: The Brazilian Portuguese version under study presented a different behavior from the original measurement tool, but proved to be a reliable and valid instrument in assessing the Brazilian population ’ s knowledge about HPV.RESUMO: Objetivo: Verificar a validade interna do construto da vers ão em português de uma ferramenta para aferir o conhecimento da população sobre o papilomavírus humano (HPV). Materiais e métodos: Uma versão brasileira transculturalmente adaptada de uma ferramenta de aferição de conhecimento sobre HPV originalmente projetad...
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