Chronic antidepressant desipramine pretreatment increases open field-induced the brain expression and spleen production of interleukin 10 in rats: the effect of response to novelty and social dominance.

Chronic antidepressant desipramine pretreatment increases open field-induced the brain expression and spleen production of interleukin 10 in rats: the effect of response to novelty and social dominance. Brain Res Bull. 2013 Oct 22; Authors: Wrona D, Listowska M, Kubera M, Majkutewicz I, Glac W, Wojtyła-Kuchta B, Plucińska K, Grembecka B, Podlacha M Abstract In the present study, we established a role of individual differences in locomotor response to novelty or social position in modulatory effect of chronic (14 consecutive days) antidepressant drug desipramine pretreatment (10mg/kg i.p.) on acute (30min), white and illuminated open field (OF)-induced changes in spleen anti-tumor activity of natural killer (NK) cells (chromium release assay) in parallel to the brain anti-inflammatory interleukin 10 (IL-10) and Fos expression (immunohistochemistry), splenocytic pro-inflammatory interferon γ (IFN-γ) and IL-10 production (ELISA), and plasma corticosterone concentration (RIA) in rats. The involvement of individual differences (high (HR) and low (LR) responders to novelty or dominants (D) and subordinates (S)) in the anti-depressive responsiveness, were investigated in the desipramine treated by itself (DES) or following 7 consecutive days of OF exposure (ChS-DES) group. In the desipramine pretreated groups, OF stress decreased spleen NKCC, behavioral activity, the Con A-stimulated splenocyte IFN-γ response and plasma corticosterone concentrati...
Source: Brain Research Bulletin - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Brain Res Bull Source Type: research

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ConclusionsAdult brain tumour survivors were found to experience poorer SCF than healthy controls after accounting for anxiety. SCF was related to multiple factors after brain tumour; however, an independent association with anxiety was identified.Implications for Cancer SurvivorsThese findings highlight the potential value of psychological interventions targeting anxiety and cognitive effects to improve quality of survivorship after brain tumour.
Source: Journal of Cancer Survivorship - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, we show here that sEVs are responsible for mediating paracrine senescence and speculate that they could be involved in inducing bystander senescence during therapy-induced senescence or aging. In fact, when compared to soluble factors, sEVs have different biophysical and biochemical properties as they have a longer lifespan than do soluble factors and they are more resistant to protease degradation. The idea that blocking sEV secretion could be a potential therapeutic approach to alleviate senescence "spreading" during chemotherapy-induced senescence or in aging tissues presents itself as a very at...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
There hasn’t been much good news about Alzheimer’s lately, between the March announcement by Biogen and Esai that a promising trial of a potential drug treatment failed, and the July decision by Novartis and Amgen to stop their study of another class of therapies for the neurodegenerative disease. But in a pair of studies presented at the annual Alzheimer’s Association International Conference on July 14, researchers reported encouraging results from studies of non-drug approaches. In one, scientists led by Dr. Klodian Dhana at Rush University Medical Center in Chicago followed nearly 2,500 people for alm...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Alzheimer's Brain embargoed study Source Type: news
For more than a century, clinicians have noticed a paradoxical phenomenon: certain patients who are taking opioids (which are supposed to numb pain) become more sensitive to pain than those who are not taking opioids. The earliest observation of this phenomenon can be traced back to the British physician Sir Clifford Allbutt, who, in 1870, described it: “at such times I have certainly felt it a great responsibility to say that pain, which I know is an evil, is less injurious than morphia, which may be an evil. Does morphia tend to encourage the very pain it pretends to relieve?” Research studies and clinical ob...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Pain Management Source Type: blogs
Anhedonic-like behavior correlates with IFNγ serum levels in a two-hit model of depression. Behav Brain Res. 2019 Jul 05;:112076 Authors: Géa LP, Colombo R, da Rosa ED, Antqueviezc B, de Aguiar ÉZ, Hizo G, Schmidt G, de Oliveira LF, Stein D, Rosa AR Abstract Stress is implicated in the etiology of major depressive disorder (MDD) and leads to the activation of proinflammatory pathways, which are recognized to induce depressive symptoms. For instance, depression is commonly observed in patients with hepatitis C and cancer under IFN therapy, and high levels of inflammatory cytokines a...
Source: Behavioural Brain Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Behav Brain Res Source Type: research
a Masashi Okada Glioblastoma is a primary brain tumor associated with a poor prognosis due to its high chemoresistance capacity. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are one of the mechanisms of chemoresistance. Although therapy targeting CSCs is promising, strategies targeting CSCs remain unsuccessful. Abnormal activation of epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFRs) due to amplification, mutation, or both of the EGFR gene is common in glioblastomas. However, glioblastomas are resistant to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs), and overcoming resistance is essential. Brexpiprazole is a new, safe serotonin-dopamine activity...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Authors: Das P, Naing NN, Wan-Arfah N, Naing Noor Jan KO, Kueh YC, Rasalingam K Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate association between major depressive disorder (MDD) and quality of life in patients with neurological disorder. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out at a Malaysian hospital between April 2016 and December 2016 using convenience sampling. Patients aged ≥18 years with intracranial tumour or other brain disorders were invited to participate. Quality of life was assessed using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life questionnaire version 3.0; dia...
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study sought to investigate what could be learned from how these men have fared. The men were born in 1925-1928 and similar health-related data from questionnaires, physical examination, and blood samples are available for all surveys. Survival curves over various variable strata were applied to evaluate the impact of individual risk factors and combinations of risk factors on all-cause deaths. At the end of 2018, 118 (16.0%) of the men had reached 90 years of age. Smoking in 1974 was the strongest single risk factor associated with survival, with observed percentages of men reaching 90 years being 26.3, 25.7, ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Authors: Li X, Chu S, Liu Y, Chen N Abstract Rhubarb is a well-known traditional Chinese medicine; it has been used in China for thousands of years. Rhubarb anthraquinones are the major medicinal ingredients derived from rhubarb including emodin, aloe-emodin, chrysophanol, rhein, physcion, and danthron. These different anthraquinone derivatives alone or in combination play a therapeutic role in central nervous system diseases (CNSD), such as cerebral ischemic stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage, traumatic brain injury, brain tumor, Alzheimer's disease, depression, and others. We review the experimental studies on thes...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 June 2019Source: Genomics, Proteomics &BioinformaticsAuthor(s): Ran Tao, Zhicheng Fu, Lijun XiaoAbstractMajor depressive disorder (MDD) is the most common nonfatal disease burden worldwide. Systemic chronic low-grade inflammation has been reported to be associated with MDD progression by affecting monoaminergic and glutamatergic neurotransmission. However, whether various proinflammatory cytokines are abnormally elevated before the first episode of depression is still largely unclear. Here, we evaluated 184 adolescent patients who were experiencing their first episode of depressive...
Source: Genomics, Proteomics and Bioinformatics - Category: Bioinformatics Source Type: research
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