The Prognostic Value of Early Amplitude-Integrated Electroencephalography Monitoring After Pediatric Cardiac Arrest*

Objectives: To assess the ability of amplitude-integrated electroencephalography monitoring within 24 hours of the return of spontaneous circulation to prognosticate neurologic outcomes in children following cardiac arrest Design: Retrospective review of prospectively recorded data. An amplitude-integrated electroencephalography background score was calculated according to background activity during the first 24 hours after return of spontaneous circulation, a higher score correlating with more impaired background activity. The primary endpoint was the neurologic outcome as defined by the Pediatric Cerebral Performance Category at PICU discharge (Pediatric Cerebral Performance Category 1–3: a good neurologic outcome; Pediatric Cerebral Performance Category 4–6: a poor neurologic outcome). Setting: A referral PICU. Patients: Thirty children with a median age of 10 months (2–38 mo) and a male/female sex ratio of 1.3 were included. Interventions: None. Measurements and Main Results: Eighteen patients were assigned to the favorable outcome group and 12 to the unfavorable outcome group. The median time between return of spontaneous circulation and amplitude-integrated electroencephalography initiation was 4 hours (3–9 hr). The amplitude-integrated electroencephalography score within 24 hours after return of spontaneous circulation was significantly higher in the children with poor outcomes compared with those with good outcomes (12&t...
Source: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Neurocritical Care Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Prevalence of antibiotic use was high not only versus other hospitals in the region but globally including Africa, coupled with significant evidence of sub-optimal prescribing. Swift action is needed to improve future prescribing to reduce AMR. One or two areas should initially be targeted for quality improvement including development of local guidelines, documentation of antibiotic indications and/or stop/review dates. PMID: 33034234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
Authors: Rombauts A, Abelenda-Alonso G, Cuervo G, Gudiol C, Carratalà J Abstract INTRODUCTION: Despite adequate antibiotic coverage, community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) remains a leading cause of hospitalization and mortality worldwide. It induces both a local pulmonary and a systemic inflammatory response, particularly significant in severe cases. The intensity of the dysregulated host response varies from patient to patient and has a negative impact on survival and other outcomes. AREAS COVERED: This comprehensive review summarizes the pathophysiological aspects of the inflammatory response in CAP, brie...
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
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Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
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Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
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