Recognizing osteoporotic vertebral deformity on frontal view radiograph: a cohort analysis and a pictorial review

ConclusionModerate and severe grades of VD are identifiable on FR as long as the involved vertebrae are clearly filmed.
Source: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

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Authors: Kobayashi K, Ando K, Nakashima H, Machino M, Morozumi M, Kanbara S, Ito S, Inoue T, Yamaguchi H, Mishima K, Ishiguro N, Imagama S Abstract Study Design: Single-center retrospective study in pediatric patients. Purpose: The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of the presence and severity of leg-length discrepancy (LLD) on scoliosis in children. Overview of Literature: LLD is a common orthopedic problem that can result in standing imbalance, low back pain, and stress fractures. It may cause structural changes in the spine over time, but the exact effect of LLD on scoliosis is unknown....
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
ConclusionWe found a lower HRQOL in adult patients with SK 39  years after diagnosis regarding SRS-22r domains pain and self-image, and a tendency toward lower overall HRQOL compared with a background population. The location of the SK apex did not seem to have an overall impact on HRQOL. There was no difference in pelvic parameters in the two groups and no d ifference in pulmonary function.Graphic abstractThese slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.
Source: European Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
We report a case of double-level lumbar spondylolysis at L4 and L5 that was successfully treated with the double "smiley face" rod method. A healthy 29-year-old man who presented with a 6-year history of chronic low back pain was referred to us for surgical treatment. Plain radiographs and computed tomography of the lumbar spine revealed bilateral pars defects at L4 and L5 without slip or scoliosis. The patient underwent direct repair of the pars defects using the double smiley face rod method at L4 and L5. There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications, and the patient had improved clinically by 1 y...
Source: Journal of Medical Investigation - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Invest Source Type: research
Cervical spondylolisthesis indicates instability of the spine and can lead to pain, radiculopathy, myelopathy and vertebral artery stenosis. Currently degenerative cervical spondylolisthesis is a wait-and-watch condition with no treatment guidelines. A literature review and discussion will be provided. 8 females presented with neck pain, disability, and history of motor vehicle collision. Radiographs revealed abnormal cervical alignment, spinal canal narrowing, and spondylolistheses. After 30 sessions of Chiropractic BioPhysics ® care over 12 weeks, patients reported improved symptoms and disabilities. Radiographs reve...
Source: Journal of Radiology Case Reports - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsIntermediate-term clinical and radiographic improvement following MISS for ASD is sustained, but extent of improvement lessens over time. Outcome variability exists within a subset of patients not meeting MCID, which increases over time after year two. Loss of improvement over time was more notable in back than leg pain. However, average ODI improvement meets MCID at 4  years after MIS ASD surgery.
Source: Acta Neurochirurgica - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: A high index of suspicion is needed to diagnose sacral insufficiency fracture after LS arthrodesis. A trial of conservative management is reasonable for select patients; potential surgical indications include refractory pain, neurological deficit, fracture nonunion with anterolisthesis or kyphotic angulation, L5-S1 pseudarthrosis, and spinopelvic malalignment. Lumbopelvic fixation with iliac screws may be effective salvage treatment to allow fracture healing and symptom improvement. High-risk patients may benefit from prophylactic lumbopelvic fixation at the time of index LS arthrodesis. PMID: 32217798 [P...
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery.Spine - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Spine Source Type: research
Authors: Hey HWD, Ng NL, Loh KYS, Tan YH, Tan KA, Moorthy V, Lau ETC, Liu G, Wong HK Abstract Study Design: Prospective radiographic comparative study. Purpose: To compare and understand the load-bearing properties of each functional spinal unit (FSU) using three commonly assumed, physiological, spinal postures, namely, the flexed (slump sitting), erect (standing) and extended (backward bending) postures. Overview of Literature: Sagittal spinal alignment is posture-dependent and influences the load-bearing properties of the spine. The routine placement of intervertebral cages "as anterior as possible&q...
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
This study aimed to elucidate the short-term outcome of the antSS+LP procedure. METHODS: The authors' analysis was based on data from 14 patients who underwent antSS+LP for cervical myelopathy caused by massive OPLL and were followed up for at least 2 years after surgery (mean follow-up duration 3.3 years). Clinical outcome was evaluated preoperatively, at 6 months and 1 year postoperatively, and at the final follow-up using the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scoring system for cervical myelopathy and the recovery rate of the JOA score. The following radiographic parameters were measured preoperatively, immedi...
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery.Spine - Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Tags: J Neurosurg Spine Source Type: research
This study compared the surgical outcomes of two surgical methods for treating multilevel cervical spondylotic myelopathy (MCSM) combined with cervical kyphotic deformity (CKD): (1) the ELTA method consisted of expansive open-door laminoplasty (EOLP) followed by three-segment anterior cervical discectomy fusion (ACDF), and (2) the LAPI method consisted of long-segment ACDF followed by long-level posterior instrumented fusion (PIF). Surgical treatment of CKD combined with MCSM remains challenging. Surgical considerations should include adequate spinal cord decompression and restoration of satisfactory cervical sagittal alig...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
Conclusions: Moderate evidence suggests that spinal fusion improves quality of life for adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis in medium and long-term follow-up. Our results may help inform patient expectations regarding surgery. OCEMB Level of Evidence: Level I—systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies.
Source: Journal of Spinal Disorders and Techniques - Category: Surgery Tags: Systematic Review Source Type: research
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