A Colocalized Hepatitis C Virus Clinic in a Primary Care Practice Improves Linkage to Care in a High Prevalence Population

We report the prevalence of HCV and evaluate the impact of the integrated clinic on the HCV cascade of care.
Source: The American Journal of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Research Study Source Type: research

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AbstractBackgroundCombination therapy of interferon and ribavirin has traditionally been used to eradicate hepatitis C virus. The sustained virologic response achieved with interferon-related therapy is persistent, and late relapses after achieving sustained virologic response at 24  weeks using this therapy are reportedly rare (
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions: Older hepatitis C chronic patients are exposed to potentially inappropriate polypharmacy and anticholinergic risk, according to the ACB, ARS and ADS scales. The three scales showed different results. Only the ARS scale was associated with AEs, but the rate of anticholinergic effects per patient was significantly higher in patients with anticholinergic drugs, regardless of the scale used. Consider quality of pharmacotherapy when starting DAA with a multidisciplinary approach could improve health outcomes.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
This study aimed to add information concerning the influence of human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) and type 2 (HTLV-2) infections in hepatitis B and C, since in Brazil, these human retroviruses are endemic but neglected. Serum samples from 1,910 patients with hepatitis B and 1,315 with hepatitis C from S ão Paulo, southeast Brazil, that were previously tested and grouped for HIV and HTLV-1/-2 coinfections were analyzed for hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) loads measurements and subsequent clearance using data from laboratory records. Key resultsBriefly, the lowest HBV viral load (VL) was d...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
ano Adinolfi Sasso Direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) induce a rapid virologic response (SVR) in up to 99% of chronic hepatitis C patients. The role of SVR by DAAs on the incidence or recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still a matter of debate, although it is known that SVR does not eliminate the risk of HCC. In this review, we made an updated analysis of the literature data on the impact of SVR by DAAs on the risk of HCC as well as an assessment of risk factors and the role of epigenetics. Data showed that SVR has no impact on the occurrence of HCC in the short–medium term but reduces the ris...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
We examined whether Mac-2-binding protein glycosylation isomer (M2BPGi) levels could be a predictive marker for the presence of esophagogastric varices (EGV) in cirrhotic patients after hepatitis C virus (HCV) eradication with direct-acting antivirals (DAAs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 102 cirrhotic patients with HCV infection treated with DAAs were enrolled. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy was performed in 84 of the patients before treatment (Cohort A), in 66 after treatment (Cohort B), and in 48 at both time points (Cohort C). We examined factors associated with EGV before and after DAA treatment. RESULTS: In Co...
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
ConclusionThe mini-tablet combination of OBV, PTV, ritonavir, and DSV plus ribavirin to treat HCV GT1a infection for 12  weeks was highly effective and suitable in children 3–11 years of age.Trial RegistrationClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT02486406.
Source: Advances in Therapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
With a worldwide prevalence of 15.4%, hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been estimated to be the most prevalent major infectious disease in prisons. The exceptionally high prevalence of HCV in prisons is attributabl...
Source: Harm Reduction Journal - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
In conclusion, acute alcohol treatment might contribute to increase HCV replication by interference in innate immunity and induction of autophagy. Chronic alcohol treatment caused oxidative stress, which disrupts autophagy and thereby increased the rate of Huh7 cell injury. PMID: 32448963 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Archives of Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Arch Microbiol Source Type: research
Authors: Schauer C, Mules T, Rijnsoever MV, Gane E Abstract BACKGROUND: Regular surveillance for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with chronic hepatitis B viral (HBV) infection and hepatitis C (HCV) cirrhosis improves survival by earlier detection of the cancer at an earlier stage when curative intervention may still be possible. We compared patient characteristics, surveillance history and outcomes in patients presenting with advanced HCC secondary to HBV and HCV. METHOD: In this retrospective study, clinical databases and notes were reviewed in all cases of advanced HCC related to HBV or HCV referre...
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
Donor scarcity, the principal challenge of kidney allocation today, is a result of the success of our field. Over recent decades, we have accomplished dramatic improvements in immunosuppression, perioperative care, and approaches to patient selection. As a result, successful kidney transplantation is all but taken for granted. Consequently, the demand for kidneys continues to far outpace the supply of donated organs. One strategy has been to re-examine how best to use organ categories that were previously thought to be marginal or unusable, such as those from donors infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV).
Source: Journal of the American College of Surgeons - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Invited commentary Source Type: research
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