Clinical and angiographic characteristics of patients with spontaneous reperfusion in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction

This study aims to investigate the clinical and angiographic characteristics of patients with spontaneous reperfusion in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). A total of 519 patients with STEMI were enrolled in this study, who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) treatments at Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2015 to December 2018. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to the TIMI flow grade before primary PCI, the non-spontaneous reperfusion group (TIMI flow grade 0–II) and the spontaneous reperfusion group (TIMI flow grade III). The incidence rate, the clinically relevant factors, and the features of the coronary angiographic lesions of spontaneous reperfusion from the 2 groups were recorded and analyzed. There were significant differences between the 2 groups in age, CTnI peak value, high thrombus burden, and locations of lesions in the distant of left anterior descending artery (LAD) (Pā€Š=ā€Š.000, .000, .002, .000, and .003, respectively). However, there were no significant differences between the groups in other clinic aspects including gender, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking history, hyperlipemia, angina pectoris history, culprit vessel distribution, lesion distribution in left circumflex artery (LCX) and right coronary artery (RCA), and collateral circulation (Pā€Š>ā€Š.05 for all). Compared to the patients without spontaneous reperfusion, patients with spontaneous reperfusion were younger in age,...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research

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Atrial fibrillation is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia in the general population. In western countries with aging populations, atrial fibrillation poses a significant health concern, as it is associated with a high risk of thromboembolism, stroke, congestive heart failure, and myocardial infarction. Thrombi are generated in the left atrial appendage, and subsequent embolism into the cerebral circulation is a major cause of ischemic stroke. Therefore, patients have a lifetime risk of stroke, and those at high risk, defined as a CHA2DS2-VASc2 (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age>75 years, diabetes mel...
Source: Cardiology in Review - Category: Cardiology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
Abstract Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a recently recognised pandemic spreading rapidly from Wuhan, Hubei, to other provinces in China and to many countries around the world. The number of COVID-19-related deaths is steadily increasing. Acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a disease with high morbidity and mortality rates, and primary percutaneous coronary intervention is usually recommended for the treatment. A patient with diabetes mellitus and hypertension for five years was admitted to the emergency unit with symptoms of fever, cough and dyspnoea. These symptoms were consistent ...
Source: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiovasc J Afr Source Type: research
ConclusionsFactor Xa inhibitors may be viable treatment options for CF-LVAD patients for whom warfarin therapy has failed. Large prospective studies are necessary to confirm these results.
Source: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: Shao C, Wang J, Tian J, Tang YD Abstract In most developed countries, coronary artery disease (CAD), mostly caused by atherosclerosis of coronary arteries, is one of the primary causes of death. From 1990s to 2000s, mortality caused by acute MI declined up to 50%. The incidence of CAD is related with age, gender, economic, etc. Atherosclerosis contains some highly correlative processes such as lipid disturbances, thrombosis, inflammation, vascular smooth cell activation, remodeling, platelet activation, endothelial dysfunction, oxidative stress, altered matrix metabolism, and genetic factors. Risk factors ...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
RARITAN, N.J., March 20, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson &Johnson announced today that it will unveil late-breaking data from its leading cardiovascular and metabolism portfolio during the virtual American College of Cardiology’s 69th Annual Scientific Session together with the World Congress of Cardiology (ACC.20/WCC) on March 28-30, 2020. Notably, four late-breaking abstracts for XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) will be presented, including data from the Phase 3 VOYAGER PAD study in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) after lower-extremity revascularization.Click to ...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of AF in CS should be studied more precisely, both in a scientific way and at the individual patient's level. PMID: 32096188 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Isordia-Salas I, Martínez-Marino M, Alberti-Minutti P, Ricardo-Moreno MT, Castro-Calvo R, Santiago-Germán D, Alvarado-Moreno JA, Calleja-Carreño C, Hernández-Juárez J, Leaños-Miranda A, Majluf-Cruz A Abstract Background and Purpose: The thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) is an important inhibitor of fibrinolysis and plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of arterial thrombosis; genetic polymorphisms of the TAFI gene affect its activity and increase the risk of thrombosis. Moreover, studies in young patients are still scarce. The aim was to examin...
Source: Disease Markers - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Dis Markers Source Type: research
In conclusion, older adults exhibited decreased markers of UPR activation and reduced coordination with autophagy and SC-associated gene transcripts following a single bout of unaccustomed resistance exercise. In contrast, young adults demonstrated strong coordination between UPR genes and key regulatory gene transcripts associated with autophagy and SC differentiation in skeletal muscle post-exercise. Taken together, the present findings suggest a potential age-related impairment in the post-exercise transcriptional response that supports activation of the UPR and coordination with other exercise responsive pathways (i.e....
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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Source: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The relatively low rates of MACE and stent thrombosis in this study support safety and performance of NeoHexa stents, suggesting it to be an effective alternative to other contemporary stents for the treatment of de novo lesions in native coronary arteries. PMID: 31523398 [PubMed]
Source: World Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: World J Cardiol Source Type: research
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