Home Health Agency Factors Associated With Acute Care Hospitalization and Emergency Department Use

We linked the Medicare Provider Utilization and Payment Data for Home Health and the Home Health Compare data for the year 2016 to identify home healthcare agency (HHA) characteristics associated with acute care hospitalization (ACH) or emergency department (ED) use. The study cohort consisted of 9,800 HHAs. Beta regression was used to examine the association between average age, race/ethnic composition, number of skilled nursing visits, number of therapy visits, percentage of dual eligible patients, HHA ownership, HHA location, Medicare tenure, proportion of patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia, stroke, diabetes, depression, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), heart failure, cancer and Alzheimer disease, and ACH or ED use. After controlling for HHA-level characteristics, variations in HHAs' ACH and unplanned ED visits were found. For-profit HHAs were significantly less likely to have patients with ACH. (Odds ratio = -0.05, p = 0.020), HHAs in the Midwest, South, and West had lower odds of ACH. HHAs that serve more than 50% Black patients had significantly decreased odds (β = -0.16, p
Source: Home Healthcare Nurse - Category: Nursing Tags: Feature Source Type: research

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Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
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